With Bolsonaro, about 2 million children are in child labor conditions – cut

Due to the mismanagement of President Zaire Bolsonaro (PL), nearly two million Brazilian children and adolescents, most of them black and poor, are currently in child labor in Brazil.

The practice is illegal and deprives children and young people of a healthy experience, keeps them away from school, exposes them to sexual exploitation, trafficking and work accidents that can even lead to death.

The issue comes to the fore on June 12 – the eve of World Day Against Child Labor, but it remains a permanent priority for CUT, according to CUT’s interim secretary for social policy, Ismail Jose Caesar.

Child labor is an issue that demands all the attention of society because it is classified as a serious violation of human rights, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO), emphasizing the leader who criticizes Bolsonaro’s lack of commitment to human rights. Children and adolescents

It is up to the state to formulate and maintain policies to protect this level of population, despite the existence of a federal constitution and the Statute of Children and Adolescents (ECA), adds Caesar. The leader says the situation has worsened – and much more – during Bolsonaro’s government.

“Public and social policies were broken in order to fight child labor, as was the case with the structure of the Ministry of Labor. The government decree has also hampered the MPT [Ministério Público do Trabalho] In the sense of observing the situation, hence the weakness [das crianças e adolescentes] Became more covert, “he said.

The latest available survey, conducted by the National Household Sample Survey (PONAD) of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), is from 2019. The report found that 1.8 million children and adolescents were in child labor at the time. , Which represents 4.6% of the total population of Brazil aged 5 to 17 years. Of these, 66.1% were black or brown.

“Of course today we have more than two million children in this situation,” Ismail said. He explained that Pnad Hall had conducted a survey, as the name implies, based on a sample of the family, i.e., there are many children where the survey does not reach vulnerable situations because they are part of homeless family members. In Brazil.

“We have thousands of families, without homes, at the traffic lights, looking for money and food, and there are many children who are in this situation. So the numbers are less reported. These children’s figures are not included, ”said the acting secretary.

And this whole situation was made worse by Bolsonaro’s negligence. Actions such as the Child Labor Eradication Program (PETI), created in 1996, and funded by federal funds, stopped receiving federal funding in 2020, prompting states and municipalities to stop implementing it. PETI provides subsidies and stimulates strategic action by municipalities, including the high incidence of child labor.

What do you do?

In addition to a much-needed awareness of society as a whole, child labor is indeed an essential stage of abduction for children and adolescents – a time when they should dedicate themselves to developing their most diverse motor and cognitive skills and to playing for formal education. In school, other factors are fundamental to the elimination of child labor, taking shape.

One of them is the guarantee of full employment in Brazil and an economic policy that improves the country with employment and income. Full employment is an experience that the country has already lived in under the progressive governments of Lula and Dilmar, which has resulted in a reduction in the number of exploited children. Child labor in the country decreased by 13.44% between 2000 and 2010. According to the 2010 census data, according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), general data shows that child labor has decreased between the ages of 10 and 17 years.

Another fundamental issue is the guarantee that all children are in school, if possible through comprehensive education, which, combined with the creation of employment and income as well as a fair policy of income distribution, is again a state policy.

Housing guarantees are also essential, that is, a housing policy that addresses existing deficits. Currently, according to data collected by the João Pinheiro Foundation, the deficit is more than 5.8 million households. Last year, the government cut 98% of its budget for affordable housing.

Your home must have a guarantee. Today families are being thrown on the streets. So, you have to have a housing policy. This will be reflected in child protection

– Ismail Jose Caesar

Without this ‘tripod’, and with Brazil, the country will not be able to meet the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which sets out the elimination of all forms of child labor by 2025, as explained. Leader

If the frame does not change

For Ismail Caesar, Brazil is living on the brink of barbarism today. “It is not acceptable for a society to normalize child labor or turn a blind eye.” Despite the fact that a large section of society does not actually view child labor favorably, he warns that action is needed.

Another warning from the leader is that there is still hypocrisy in the sectors, especially among the economic elites who distort the notion of child labor. A clear example is Bolsona’s federal deputy, Bia Kissis (PL-DF), who had a privileged childhood and made a controversial statement about the benefits of working at the age of 12 (sic).

“When I was 12, I made a brigadier for sale at my school. And the funniest thing was that I didn’t have to, but with that money I felt a huge satisfaction in paying for my tennis lessons. I feel creative and productive, “the MP posted on his Twitter account.

“He does not know the condition of thousands of poor children who are hungry today, whose parents do not have jobs. These children did not, and will not, have the privilege of studying in a private school, let alone tennis lessons, the deputy said. It’s a complete disgrace, “said Ishmael.

And, starting with the example of Bia Kissis, a political figure, she recalls that one of the starting points for child labor – a priority – again state policy, is to think about what to do in October. 3, at the time of voting, that is, who should be elected not only for the President of the Republic, but also for Parliament.

If we do not turn around, end the Bolsonaro government, the tendency is to do something similar to poverty, child labor, slavery. Therefore, it is necessary to elect a government with a social perspective. And Lula’s candidacy represents this future. And the Progressive Congress together with Lula

– Ismail Jose Caesar

In action

In MPT, despite the difficulties in inspection, the number of child labor cases is high. In 2021, there were 1,807 civil inquiries, 264 lawsuits and 664 Terms of Commitment to Adjustment of Conduct (TAC) in the fight against child labor.

The CUT has participated in campaigns, whether it is debating, condemning, or even promoting and promoting action to combat child labor.

One of these campaigns was conducted in partnership with the National Confederation of Education Workers (CNTE) and the National Union of Tax Auditors (CNIT), which began in 2020, with the title “Child Labor: A Reality That Some People Can See”.

The campaign, among other things, aimed to make society aware that the fight against child labor is not just a flag of labor tax auditors, but an objective to be followed in all state activities, The goal is to unravel the notion that “work is better than stealing for children or adolescents.”

With the support of the Ministry of Public Labor, the International Labor Organization (ILO), the Superior Labor Court (TST), and the National Forum for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Labor (FNPETI), in February of this year, the campaign “Don’t Avoid Childhood,” According to the MPT, it is an invitation to reflect on the plight of children in our country, especially black and low-income children.

The campaign points out that early work has a negative impact on school performance, increases bullying and makes children more at risk for sexual exploitation, drug trafficking and work accidents.

Where child labor

According to IBGE, The highest percentage of adolescents working at this age are: Santa Catarina (44.2%); Rio Grande do Sul (35.6%); Paran (36.4%); Rondonia (34.5%); Goiás (34.2%); Mato Grosso (32.7%) and Mato Grosso do Sul (32%).

The average real income of those who conducted economic activities in child labor between the ages of 5 and 17 was estimated at R $ 503. The average income of the white population was R $ 559, while that of the black or brown population was R $ $ 467.

The worst forms of child labor are tractor and agricultural machinery operation, tobacco, sisal and sugarcane processing, timber extraction and cutting, quarry work, charcoal production, civil construction, waste collection, selection and processing, street trade, domestic work and cargo transportation. Some activities.


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