Why do children wonder about autonomy?

“You’re welcome,” parents say naturally when the kids return from their first job outside the home, even though they were terrified while waiting. The idea behind the Japanese reality show “Crescidinhos” is to accompany boys and girls on small daily missions, such as going to the supermarket without the help of adults or taking clothes to the laundry.

Extremely popular in Japan in the 1990s, the series reached the catalogs of all countries served by Netflix, including Brazil, and became a global phenomenon. In 20 episodes of less than 15 minutes each, Invite us to discuss “Crescidinhos” Child autonomy And how to contribute to the formation of responsible and confident people.

“Autonomy should be encouraged gradually, based on the activities that children can perform according to their age. And it starts at home, “recommends Fernanda Mishima, PhD in science, in clinical psychology. Since some of the roles requested by adults in the program reflect their skills that they are still developing, “some children will easily perform them, but others will not,” the expert noted.

Thus, although the works are presented lightly and humorously, there are sensitive moments that show the difficulty and effort of the children, believes Anna Laura, Kadu, 4, and Yami’s mother, 5 months old, who admits: “I laughed a lot and then I cried. ” Fernanda takes the opportunity to explain that “if an adult goes to the market, he chooses what matters, what money can buy. But in one episode, the little hero, who has to fulfill his task, is distracted by a cat’s meow. He is still not focused on achieving his goals, “the psychologist explained.

Anna Laura also celebrates the courage of mothers to participate in this experience. Allowing the child to gradually gain independence is related to the process of developing both maturity and emotion., Comments Fernanda. “Early in life, a child becomes dependent on someone who takes care of it. For children to develop skills, they need to be cared for by someone. Therefore, it is important that it helps this adult to feel increasingly safe to work alone. “

“Sometimes we are alone. We have to be alone. “

Work and play go hand in hand

In the reality show “Crescidinhos”, most of the protagonists enthusiastically accept their first acts. They are happy for the trust of their parents and for contributing to the family. However, this stage is known as “” hereTwo years of crisisFernanda recalls, where children begin to show their will and make their own choices, often not accepting everything given to caregivers and constantly resisting them.

“Usually at this stage they are already walking, playing and able to communicate verbally,” advises the Doctor of Science. “Once you start learning the meaning of the word ‘no’, ‘no’ becomes essential. So, with a lot of patience, parents and caregivers show that it is important to say ‘no’, but there are limits and appropriate circumstances, “he added.

“Children do not always respond to adults. It’s not our speed, it’s the baby’s speed. “

Small tasks at home and at school can contribute to this process of encouraging collaboration and instilling a sense of responsibility in children. It is important to practice how to bathe, brush your teeth, look for things that parents can ask for, separate books or help the teacher, give expert details. Sometimes, just an example.

After watching one of the episodes of “Growing Up”, Moana, 4, took the dishes to the kitchen herself, although she was a little scared in the dark. “Often, we detain children, especially girls, and do not allow them to do anything for fear of something breaking or getting tired,” Leticia commented. “But I know that with attention and affection, it is possible for them to feel able to take care of themselves and help their families.” If the girl could choose a job, she would “want to go to the bathroom without help,” Moana reveals.

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Moana and Leticia enjoy watching “Crescidinhos” together, while reflecting on the youngster’s new achievement.

Anna Laura bets on her son Kadu, 4, to help with the development process Games as a way to get him involved in homework. “When I change my youngest daughter’s diapers, she does the whole process with a doll – cleaning, changing and caressing,” she says. “Here at home, we wake up, say ‘good morning’, change diapers, ‘eat’ with water, milk and warm up. I use water and a squeegee to help my mom, “said Kadu, who has a small broom and a toy squeegee to help.

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When Anna Laura takes care of baby Yami, the eldest son Kadu trains her dolls in hygiene and affection exercises.

To Fernanda, Children can play while learning a task, as a way to develop responsibilities and expand their abilities. “When a young child helps a teacher call a roll, even without knowing how to read, he can look at pictures of his friends and thus identify who is present and who is absent. In a way, he’s playing and learning a skill, “he said.

Although the “adult” series shows that children typically perform certain functions performed by adults, they perform these functions as children, not as “mini-adults.” “Children use their own acquisitions and skills to perform tasks that are comprehensible to them and in a way that they can comprehend.The value of his deeds, both for him and for the community in which he lives. Healthy mental development involves taking care of yourself and being able to take care of others.“, Advises a doctor of science.

“The intersection between play and learning autonomy is essential for children to see the meaning of what they are doing.”

It is everyone’s responsibility to take care of the child.

“Crescidinhos” has a significant cultural difference and a parallel between independence and interdependence.Score Bruna Navarone Santos, a sociologist who studied anime, manga and sci-fi in the AMSEC-POP study group at Fiocruz-RJ. “In Western culture, human freedom is often more valued in everyday work, whereas in Japanese culture, the concept of man (人間-ningen) means ‘in man’ and refers to the fact that everyone develops by interacting with other people. . Interdependence is important when performing important tasks for the well-being of everyone, “he said.

Thus, the series shows a Japanese Family Concerns for Children Children can understand and share from an early age for the well-being of their home and their communityEveryone should work hard, be honest and obedient. Engaged in other activities, caregivers point out that their children need to try to contribute certain products that will be eaten by everyone, such as food. According to Bruner, it is believed that behavioral patterns can be understood from certain concepts, such as “phial PTT (親 孝行 – oya-koko)”, where Children are taught to be mutually and interdependently dependent on their parents as a way to pay for the care they receive..

“You can, you are capable and you are brave”
Mother’s Message on the Amulet (“Growing Up”, Episode 15)

Camilla My Nobusawa grew up watching the series in Japan. “The program has been a part of many families’ daily lives and brings good moments of fun and reflection.” He added that by the age of six, the children were already going to school alone and walking short distances, the training they had given at school and the supervision of some volunteer parents.

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Little Camilla Mai, 3, smiles next to her mother Milena in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan in 2002.

It is considered a kind of childhood passage when boys and girls are addressed to their first responsibilities while in Japan; Brazil, due Towards social inequality And other cultural symbols, you might be surprised to see such small children walking on foot and traveling long distances alone in urban centers. Anna Laura recalls her childhood and further emphasizes that, on the outskirts, children need to “achieve autonomy” first. “Often, they have to take care of their house, their brother and even start work early,” he says.

Throughout the entire episode of “Crescidinhos”, in addition to the intervention of the film crew at some crucial moments, neighbors, relatives and employees of the organization wait with the children for a ride and see them. Boys and girls use flags, and some roads are lined with cones and signs so that cars are aware of their passing. “These scenes are interesting because they show it The welfare and safety of the children is the responsibility of the community in addition to the family“, Says Bruno.

The same goes for our country, which gives absolute priority Family, community and state In the care of children. At the same time we are thrilled with each new mission undertaken by the children, we are inspired to reflect on a society that includes children in their daily lives in a friendly way and we feel the need to move forward in the fight against it. Promoting inequality and the rights of Brazilian boys and girls.

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The Japanese reality show “Crescidinhos”, which shows children working outside the home for the first time without the help of adults, has become a global phenomenon and has sparked comments among viewers.

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