What is the frequency of phytosanitary therapy in your municipality? To the north of Gironde, in Etauliers, nearly no artificial merchandise are used. Just a few kilometers away, within the adjoining and wine-producing metropolis of Cartelgu, pesticide strain is at its highest. For the primary time, an interactive map makes it attainable to estimate the depth of pesticide use on the municipal degree and subsequently measure the dependence of a metropolis or village on pesticides. The mapping, launched by Solagro, a accomplice firm specializing in local weather change recommendation and engineering, and accessible on a platform referred to as Adonis, named after a plant that grows within the area, was launched this Wednesday. The function is “Provide everybody with estimates of pesticide use by the municipality” In France, Solagro agronomist Aurelian Chair explains.
“These are information that exist already, however we perceive that it is not straightforward to entry. So we make them accessible to everybody., He added. To create their maps, agriculturists use the Treatment Frequency Index (TFI), an indicator utilized by a farmer to decide the variety of doses of pesticide used on a farm scale, which is expressed in research by regional scale and by crop. Ministry of Agriculture. This info is then cross-referenced with the grain distribution by the municipality and the crop sort is practiced (natural or standard). So we see, by the municipality, the overall TFI, TFI herbicide, TFI of organic management merchandise, the primary crop exploited and essentially the most handled crop.
Apples, essentially the most medicinal crop
If the Etauliers seem on the map in gentle inexperienced, which implies that using its phytosanitary merchandise is minimal, whereas the village of Cartellegu is darkish purple (though the 2 municipalities have nearly the identical space of agricultural land), this is as a result of the Etauliers have largely grassland, which Which requires nearly no therapy. The aspect door, Cartelègue is primarily devoted … creeper. Apple is some of the processed crops in France after potatoes. 24% of Etauliers farmland is natural, in contrast to 17% of its neighbors.
Overall, we observe that essentially the most specialised agricultural areas, such because the Ile-de-France, the North, the Garon Valley or the Rh করne Corridor, are those with the best charges of pesticide use. In these areas, “There is excessive phytosanitary stress due to viticulture, fruit rising or cultivable crops, rotation of a poorly diversified crop and extra intensive agricultural practices.”, Note Solagro. Areas that require essentially the most pesticides (apple, potato and herbaceous) are those that naturally have the best reliance on pesticides. In distinction, hilly areas and coastal wetlands seem “Very protected from pesticide use”Especially as a result of “Ramrama agriculture is a blended cropping system [y] Dominates with a powerful presence of grass surfaces that aren’t often handled “.
Measure the impact of pesticides
According to Solagro, the map might be used for analysis and for group and public resolution-makers, particularly to measure the influence of pesticides on biodiversity, water sources and the well being of native residents. “Map of herbicides with pesticide residues in waterways may be nearly pressed”, Mentioned Nadine Loverjet, General Representative of the NGO Future Generation. Measuring the municipality’s dependence on pesticides additionally reminds shoppers of the significance of natural. “Today there is confusion between natural and non-natural pesticide residues or domestically, when pesticides have an effect on the soil or biodiversity.”, Christophe Bernouin, president of Ecoton, insisted. The meals firm, which considerably owns the Bjorg, Bonneterre and Alter Eco manufacturers, co-financed the Adonis platform.
It may also be utilized by farmers who can examine their IFT with the common variety of therapies administered of their municipality. The drawback is then financial causes, the affiliation remembers, farmers There is The equal of 9 2.9 billion was spent on pesticides in 2020 “6.4% of intermediate prices, barely lower than shopping for fertilizer (3.4 billion euros) or gasoline (3.5 billion euros).”.
Avoiding pesticide indicators
For Nadine Loverjet, “This sort of instrument is important as a result of it can present native residents the frequency of therapy close to their properties.”. Even if future generations acknowledge that France is forward of its European neighbors in disclosing info on pesticides, it regrets that “It was a personal firm that had to do that to cross-verify all this information.”.
According to its designers, such measuring tools is wanted. “Establish efficient discount coverage “However, the Ecophyto plan – because of the Grenell de l’Environment and revised a number of instances – now plans to cut back pesticide use by 50% by 2025. Brussels additionally plans to cut back using phytosanitary therapies The European Commission should current its new guidelines on pesticide use inside the framework of the European Green Agreement this Wednesday, which plans to cut back its use by 50% by 2030. “This map must be progressively greenened”, Solagro Predicts, which supplies an replace with new statistical information, particularly on overseas departments.