Children

US records 2 cases of monkeypox in children – 25/07/2022 – Equilíbrio e Saúde

The United States has recorded two cases of monkeypox in children for the primary time, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) mentioned in a press release on Friday. On Saturday (23), the WHO (World Health Organization) declared the illness a public emergency of world concern.

According to well being officers, the incident proves that, though monkeypox is a sexually transmitted an infection, it has the potential to contaminate anybody who comes into shut contact with one other contaminated individual.

One of the children identified got here from California and the opposite, a toddler, was confirmed to have contracted the illness whereas the household traveled to Washington. They are usually not US residents.

According to the CDC, the 2 childhood cases of monkeypox are unrelated and certain resulted from family transmission.

The company additionally mentioned the children are wholesome, receiving therapy, and authorities are nonetheless investigating how they turned contaminated.

In an interview with The Washington Post, CDC Director Rochelle Walensky mentioned that the cases are associated to individuals in the MSM group (who’ve intercourse with males), however that the investigation remains to be ongoing.

Since the outbreak started in the United States in May, most cases of monkeypox have been reported amongst males who’ve intercourse with males, however officers stress that the pathogen can even have an effect on individuals exterior that group.

In a convention name Friday, Jennifer McQuiston, deputy director of the CDC’s Division of Pathogens and High-Impact Pathology, mentioned the emergence of pediatric cases of monkeypox isn’t a surprise.

“The social networks we’ve got as people means we’ve got contact with many alternative individuals,” he mentioned, including that cases of children and ladies have additionally been reported in Europe and different locations the place the illness is spreading.

According to McQuiston, the illness can also be unfold via pores and skin-to-pores and skin contact, which in the case of children is dealt with, hugged, fed, in addition to via shared objects reminiscent of towels, bedding, cups and utensils. Expected.

“But thus far there isn’t a proof that we’re seeing this virus unfold past homosexual, bisexual and different males who’ve intercourse with males.”

He mentioned 99% of the 2,891 confirmed cases of monkeypox in the U.S. as of Friday concerned males who’ve intercourse with males, however there have been at the very least eight cases in cisgender ladies and transgender males.

A research printed in the New England Journal of Medicine, the most important thus far, analyzed 528 confirmed infections in 16 nations between April 27 and June 24 and concluded that 98% of these contaminated have been MSM and 95% have been sexually transmitted. . the way in which

Health officers say that unfold via the respiratory tract is feasible, nevertheless it normally happens when there’s extended contact, for instance, when an individual lives in the identical family as an contaminated individual.

The virus will also be unfold via bodily contact, together with touching an harm, in addition to sharing sure physique fluids reminiscent of saliva.

The CDC recommends warning in locations the place individuals bump, hug, and kiss, with minimal clothes, reminiscent of raves and crowded golf equipment.

Transmission can happen when an individual touches objects and surfaces shared with an individual who has signs.

There is nice concern amongst physicians that prejudice and stigma about this group will improve because the illness turns into extra concentrated amongst males who’ve intercourse.

“It was a catastrophe in the previous [com a epidemia de Aids]. There are many cases that don’t have anything to do (*2*). There have already been cases the place contact concerned mattress sheets, towels. This story is solely unimaginable”, mentioned infectious illness specialist David Yup, Secretary of Science, Research and Development of Health of the Government of São Paulo. sheet.

In Brazil, the Ministry of Health has confirmed 607 cases of the illness as of final Friday. The stability greater than doubled on the ninth, when there have been 218 confirmed diagnoses throughout the nation.

Cases of the illness are primarily concentrated in São Paulo. On Saturday (23), the state well being secretary mentioned there have been 466 confirmed cases of the illness in the state. Most of them have been in the capital of São Paulo – a complete of 385 in town alone.

“All sufferers have evolution of the image and are monitored by the epidemiological surveillance of their respective municipalities with the assistance of the state”, says the AA notice of the secretary.

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