Children

Up to 60% of cases of deafness in children can be prevented

Currently, in accordance to information from the National Health Survey, greater than two million Brazilians have listening to loss, which corresponds to about 1% of the nation’s inhabitants. The World Health Organization (WHO) has already estimated that by 2050, 2.5 billion folks worldwide could have listening to loss and 700 million of them will want rehabilitation companies.

Photo: Camila Hamp/Hospital Pequeno Principe

Even in children, in accordance to the WHO, up to 60% of listening to loss can be prevented by way of vaccination, prenatal care, new child screening and remedy of inflammatory ear illnesses. Therefore, in National Day of Prevention and Prevention of DeafnessIn commemoration of November 10, Pequeno Principe Hospital – the one completely pediatric establishment in the nation approved by the Ministry of Health to carry out cochlear implants by way of the Unified Health System (SUS) – reinforces the significance of childhood prevention, analysis and early rehabilitation. deafness

Ideally, inside 48 hours of delivery, all infants endure Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening (TANU), which is crucial for detecting any listening to problems.

“This take a look at could be very fast and simple to carry out. If a failure is detected, a brand new take a look at is carried out in the primary month of life and if it fails once more, the kid is referred to a referral service to be attended by specialists and recognized there. This is why it’s so essential to be in a position to full this complete course of inside one month of life for screening, three for analysis and 6 for intervention, rehabilitation and steering, explains Doctor Rodrigo Guimaraes Pereira, otorhinolaryngologist in Pequeno Principe.

The skilled additionally emphasizes that the sooner the kid begins to expertise listening to, the much less the influence on their improvement.

“The ear is the means by which sound is obtained and transmitted to the mind, which hears. So the later he begins receiving sounds, the more durable it’ll be to perceive as a result of he has not skilled listening to till then. This is why it’s important to begin rehabilitating the kid as quickly as doable, as a result of the influence on communication, cognitive and perceptual improvement will be minimal”, he says.

resistance

The commonest deafness in childhood is congenital, that means when the kid is born with some listening to loss already. And among the many commonest causes are genetic modifications and infections that happen throughout being pregnant. But deafness can happen all through life, throughout progress and even in maturity, with numerous causes, similar to syndromic situations and infections.

Hence, to stop deafness in children, it’s important to take some precautions from being pregnant.

“Pregnant ladies will need to have a well-equipped antenatal care, be cautious not to catch infectious illnesses that can trigger deafness, not use medication or alcohol throughout being pregnant and hold the infant’s vaccination data up to date”, reinforces the physician.

Care and prevention of listening to issues also needs to proceed in any respect levels of life:

  • Avoid extreme metabolic modifications that can trigger deafness, similar to diabetes;
  • Do not expose your self inappropriately to phrases;
  • Beware of extreme phrases;
  • Don’t flip up the headphone quantity an excessive amount of;
  • Choose ambient sound stimulation as a substitute of headphones.

remedy

After analysis, every case is evaluated to confirm the very best listening to rehabilitation. One type of remedy is a cochlear implant, which is indicated for extreme and profound listening to loss or complete deafness. The prosthesis – which is implanted in the ear and lasts a lifetime – replaces the operate of cells that aren’t working For delicate or reasonable injury, separate sound amplification units are used.

Deafness requires monitoring all through an individual’s life. At the start of remedy, the affected person is adopted by otolaryngologists, speech therapists, social employees, psychologists and, if needed, neurologists or different specialists relying on the scenario. For years, you have got to proceed remedy solely with otolaryngologists and speech therapists.

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