Until when? – Anna Pala Catuso and Elaine Felix – by Hora Campinas

V.Love to talk about violence? According to the dictionary, violence is the act or effect of physical force or moral intimidation against someone. Although we have come a long way in terms of technological innovation, in terms of respect and civilization, we are still far from ideal. Unfortunately, this is an agenda for discussion in forums and councils aimed at caring for the less fortunate, either financially or intellectually.

And when we talk about violence against children and young people with disabilities, the situation is even more worrying. According to a British newspaper study The Lancet Child and Adolescent HealthOver the past 10 years, the incidence of violence against children and young people with disabilities worldwide has increased by 37.1%, despite advances in awareness and inclusion policies at the same time. It is estimated that 291 million children and adolescents worldwide have some form of disability – physical or intellectual – representing about 11% of this group.

They face physical, emotional and sexual violence and are significantly more neglected than people with disabilities. According to the survey, those who do not commit violence experience twice as much violence as those who do not. Stigma, discrimination, lack of information about disability and lack of access to social support for caregivers contribute to this high level of violence.

The picture becomes more serious when we add two more factors: poverty and social exclusion. In general, children with disabilities living in low-income countries had higher rates of violence than those with higher-income countries – research has shown, perhaps, limited access to prevention and support services, lower levels of legal protection and attitudes and rules that stigmatize people with disabilities and greater social violence. Leads to tolerance. According to the publication, more than 94% of this group live in low- and middle-income countries.

Verbal or inability to defend oneself makes these young people easy targets for violent practice. The study found that the overall rate of violence varied by disability and that mental disorders (34%) and cognitive or learning disabilities (33%) were slightly higher than in children with sensory impairment (27%). , Physical or movement restriction (26%) and chronic disease (21%).

The most reported types of violence were emotional and physical, with one in three children and adolescents with disabilities experiencing it. Estimates suggest that one in five experiences neglect and one in ten experiences sexual violence.

The study also draws attention to high levels of bullying among peers, estimating that about 40% of these children have experienced such violence. Face-to-face harassment, such as physical, verbal or related activities such as hitting and kicking, insulting and threatening or social exclusion, is more common than cyber bullying (23%) practiced online (37%).

Some symptoms, such as stiffness or anxiety, indicate that the child is involved in domestic violence, but not necessarily as an effective victim of violent acts. In many cases, the violence was directed at his mother and she witnessed the aggression, which affected her as well.

In the Campinas region, the biggest problem we see in our counseling is the neglect of those responsible for the necessary care for children and young people with disabilities, such as lack of attention to hygiene or therapeutic guidelines. While this is not an obvious act of violence, it does not fail to attack the rights of persons with disabilities guaranteed by law to a better quality of life for this population.

But what to do in case of violence against young or disabled children? The first step is to immediately notify the Municipal Board of Trustees. On campus, the council’s telephone number is 0800 770 1085. The call is free and full of privacy. The second step is to raise the awareness of the society that fatigue is a problem that needs to be addressed without delay, development / implementation of effective war policy and strict supervision to suppress this evil, with appropriate punishment for each act. This practice against children and young people.

We cannot close our eyes to this sad reality!

Anna Pala Catuso and Elaine Felix are social workers at the Casa da Krianka Paralitico (CCP) Campinas.

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