- Eduardo Raina
- From Sao Paulo to BBC Brazil
For at least a decade, Rosanzella Best Parana has been searching for her biological parents.
He is the victim of a state crime that is rarely known to Brazilians: the abduction of children and infants by militants who opposed military rule in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
Rosanzella was illegally recruited by a military family in the 1960’s and discovered her condition decades later while arguing with family members.
Eleven of the 19 known cases of child abduction during the dictatorship were linked to the Aragua guerrilla movement, an anti-guerrilla movement that took place in the Amazon region between the late 1960s and 1974 at the confluence of the Para and present-day Tokentin states. .
These 11 victims were the children of guerrillas and peasants who sheltered the movement.
The abductions took place in the early 1970’s, during the administration of General-President Emilio Garrastaju Medici – when Orlando Geisel, the brother of Medici’s successor, was minister of the army – and Ernesto Giselle. This was the most serious phase of the repression of the Araguan guerrillas.
In my writing, Eduardo Rainer’s report book “Cativiro Same Fim” lists 19 cases.
The Ministry of Defense and the Army and Air Force commands were contacted during the preparation of the book, but the question was not answered. In an interview with a book published last year, General Eduardo Vilas Bose described the report on child abductions during the dictatorship as “a lack of truth” (read more below).
In search of biological parents
“I live in a nightmare every day, thinking that my mother can survive, I need her,” said Rosanzella Best Paran.
“Today I live in the agony of not knowing who I am, how old I am, or even who my parents were,” he said.
It was assigned by Odier de Paiva Paranানা, a member of a traditional military family in Rio de Janeiro.
Rosenzela’s best parents were Odier de Pieva Paranানা and Nilja da Silva’s best. The family says the baby was adopted in 1963.
In a birth certificate, the date of birth is given as October 1, 1963 But the registration was done only in the registry office on September 22, 1967
In a document prepared at the registry office of Catet, Rio de Janeiro, it is recorded that Rosanzella is the illegitimate daughter of Oder and Nilza. The name of the biological parent is not given in the document. Nilja, according to her family, could not bear children.
Audi is a driver by profession. According to Rosanzella, her adoptive father worked as a driver for General Ernesto Giselle. “He had a big black car that he always cleaned,” he recalls. According to Rosanzella, the two often visited the general’s farm in the town of Teresopolis.
Rosângela’s birth certificate gives her a property in Rua Marquês de Abrantes, 160, Flamengo, Rio de Janeiro, as her birthplace. The property belongs to Rio Providencia, an entity of state employees who bought it in 1958 according to the property certificate.
There are two witnesses in the same birth certificate. One was Alcindo Quintino Ribeiro, owner of a building where the best Paran পরিবার family lived.
The other is Paolo Cardoso de Oliveira, a driver by profession, like Odier. However, the witness does not have an address.
Oder’s father, Arsi Parana, was in the military. According to the official gazette, he has reached the rank of sergeant. In the fifties, he was promoted and started working in the administrative sector of the army.
Jurassic and Mirasi cases
In the Araguai guerrilla region, in the early 1970’s, the military abducted two sons from the same family.
First, Jurassic Bejera de Oliveira, the hero of the military’s mistakes. The target will be Giovanni, the son of a guerrilla leader, Osvaldo Orlando da Costa, aka Osvaldo, a woman named Maria.
In 1972 or 1973, Jurassic was about seven years old. The military thought he was the real son of guerrilla Osvaldo with Maria Viana da Consecio. But Jurassy’s mother was Maria Bejera de Oliveira and his father was Raimundo Morao de Lira.
The abduction was confusing because soldiers were looking for a black boy between the ages of six and eight, the son of a white woman with large body and light eyes, whose name was Maria. They find Jurassic’s mother with the same characteristics and take the boy away.
Fortaleza was his destination after a soldier was shot during a shootout with guerrillas, tortured and burned at a military base in the jungle.
It was hired by Army Lieutenant Antonio Achilio Azevedo Costa, who registered him in a notary’s office as if he were his legitimate son, and had lived with the lieutenant’s family for many years.
“One day they came and took me away. My mother, I don’t remember what she did. I was young when the army took me away. I was in the jungle for 15 days.
The abductor left a deformed hand due to burns. He says the soldiers decided to punish him because he thought his father had killed a soldier.
Later, in the town of Fortaleza, Jurassic was raised by the mother of Lieutenant Antonio Aceli.
In the early 2000s, he decided to return to the Aragua region, still thinking he was Osvaldo’s son.
Upon arrival, he meets Antonio Viana da Conceio and discovers his true story. He was reunited with his biological mother, Maria Bejera de Oliveira, when he discovered that his brother Mirasi had also been captured by the military.
Today he lives on an island in the middle of the river Araguia.
Jurassic’s brother, Mirasi had fair skin and light eyes, not like his brother. It was taken by Sergeant Joao Lima Filho in 1972 or 1973 to the town of Natal in Rio Grande do Norte.
A few years later, Jurassi and his mother, Maria Bejera de Oliveira, went in search of Mirasi. But they did not find any trace of the sergeant who had taken him; Nor did they get information about the soldier’s location at the Natal army barracks.
After Jurassic was mistakenly abducted, the military finds Giovanni, the son of Osvaldo and Maria Viana da Consecio. According to Antonio Viana da Conceico, another of Maria’s children, the boy was between four and five years old.
The abduction took place in 1973, in the town of Araguena, now Tokentins. The existence of this son of a guerrilla in Aragua has also been revealed by Sebastiao Rodriguez de Maura, Major Curio, who is now a retired army officer and has been responsible for searching for PCdoB guerrillas in Aragua since 1973.
Giovanni’s whereabouts are unknown.
Also in Aragua, Leia Cecilia da Silva Martins, daughter of guerrilla Antonio Teodoro de Castro, also known as Raul, was abducted.
Leah was taken to an orphanage owned by an Air Force lieutenant in Belem do Para. He was adopted by a couple who worked in existence.
Six peasant children were also taken from their biological families to the army barracks, from where they were later released. Jose Vieira; Antonio Jose da Silva, Antoninho; Jose Wilson de Brito Fitosa, J. Wilson; Jose de Rebamar, J. Rebamar; Osniel Ferreira da Cruz, Osnil; And Sebastião de Santana, Sebastiãozinho.
Only Jose Vieira was located. He is the son of Luiz Vieira, a subsistence farmer and a resident of the Sওo Domingos do Araguia region. Luiz was killed by the military.
“People who knew the people in the forest (like guerrillas) were attacked by soldiers. People in the forest attacked. Then they arrested me. Jose Vieira.
Child abductions have also been reported in Paran,, Parnambuco and Mato Grosso.
Wanted in 2018, when the book “Endless Captivity” was being produced, did not answer questions sent by the Ministry of Defense, the Army and the Air Force.
The Ministry of Defense has suggested that new requests be sent to the Army, Air Force and Navy commands, claiming that the requested information will remain under the command of these military agencies.
The military said in a statement that “the agency has made it clear that there is nothing to report.”
The Air Force claims that “on November 16, 2009, the Attorney General’s Office of Military Justice expressed interest in analyzing documents produced and stored by the Air Force Command from 1964 to 1985. In this sense, as of February 3, 2010, the collection contained 49,867 documents.” Including 212 boxes, collected from the regional coordinates of the National Archives of the Federal District (COREG), where they are in the public domain, where you may be able to conduct your research. ”
Last year, in an interview published in Celso Castro’s book “General Villas Bose – Conversation with the Commander”, Fandacao Getulio from Vargas questioned the abduction of children during the military dictatorship.
“Recently, someone involved in human rights has come up with an issue that I have never heard of, that one hundred or more children have been abducted and taken away from their parents. Its inauguration, which connects Manaus with Boa Vista, contributes to a lack of veracity and a lack of concessions to the conclusion of the investigation, “said Vilas Bose.
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