Understand how homeschooling can increase the incidence of child violence
While the house and home itself may represent safety and joy for many children, this is not a reality for all of them. More than 50,000 reports of violence against children and adolescents have been registered in Brazil, according to data from Dial 100, referring to the first half of 2021. Of these, 81% (more accurately 40,822) occurred in the victim’s own home.
Staying at home, for them, is a risk. Collected figures from the Ministry of Women, Family and Human Rights (ONDH / MMFDH) National Human Rights Ombudsman still show that most violations are committed by close relatives. The mother appears as the main abuser with 15,285 complaints; After father, 5,861; And step-parents, including 2,664.
Considering domestic events, about 223 incidents of aggression occur every day. According to Luciana Temer, a spokeswoman for the Instituto Liberta, although this is not the case for all children, the historical context of Brazil needs to be taken into account when raising debates. Homeschooling – Homeschooling.
“No one can deny the existence of social vulnerability and especially domestic violence in Brazil. This is a reality for many children. He needs to have a place outside of that environment. You cannot vote for a law that ignores a certain segment of the population affected by this disease. Taking them out of the school environment keeps them vulnerable, “he said in an interview The metropolis
Homeschooling And child protection
In recent weeks, the issue has become one of the most talked about in the country. This is because a bill approving home education in Brazil was approved by the Chamber of Deputies. Although it still needs federal Senate approval, the issue has already sparked controversy among government authorities and civil servants.
According to Letícia, experiencing time encountered Locked up In recent years, should serve as a warning. “We noticed a decline in aggression and abuse in April and March 2020, at a time when secession was even more severe. This does not mean that the violence has subsided, but that the victims have no way to report it, “he said.
Data from the Brazilian Public Security Yearbook, based on 2020 bulletins, shows that 60.6% of the 60,926 data on sexual violence in Brazil were against children under the age of 13. Of these, 86% of victims were perpetrated by known criminals. It still needs to be considered that 67% of all sexual violence occurred in the home.
In the first year of the epidemic, an unprecedented study launched by UNICEF and the Brazilian Public Security Forum in 2021 found that nearly three children under the age of 4 were killed every week and violently, in national territories.
“Most of the violence against children and adolescents takes place inside the home, with known aggressors. An important part of the school safety net is a safe environment where children communicate with their trusted adults and who can help them, “said Anna Carolina Fonseca, UNICEF Program Officer in Brazil.
According to a UNICEF spokesperson, although the school did not address the student’s situation, it was their responsibility to identify and activate the necessary safety nets. “The school community is part of a network of child and adolescent protection, including parent councils, social support services, health units, the judiciary …”.
“It is at school that, many times, violence is first detected by children or adolescents, both by monitoring the school team’s symptoms and by spontaneous reporting by girls and boys,” Fonseca insists. .
Also, according to professionals, the increase in the number of reports of violence against children and adolescents returning to face-to-face classes has had an impact, “because educators were able to communicate with students and report on the violence they suffered.” Out of school “.
Schools and complaints
Two years after the epidemic, early 2022 was marked by an increase in complaints about returning to school and violating the human rights of children and adolescents in most Brazilian states.
Complaints of aggression against minors increased 21.4% in the first two months of this year compared to the same period in 2021, according to data from Dial 100. There were 17,139 complaints registered.
In the first four months of 2022 alone, 4,000 complaints of sexual harassment against minors were filed. The number represents more than double the number of complaints made in the same period in 2020, the year the epidemic caused by Kovid began.
In many cases, when domestic violence occurs, the child is forced and even the perpetrator is threatened not to talk about the abuse, making the crime invisible to the rest of society. “TheIn addition to the home, where should the child go every day and find a trustworthy adult who has nothing to do with where the child lives? “, Asks Louisana Temer.
“It simply came to our notice then [escolar] The child will meet with adults who have a specific connection to report being a victim of violence. It could be a teacher or a professor, a chef, a director, a cleaning lady … taking a child out of this environment loses its support “, assessed a representative of the Liberta Institute.
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