UFPB publication addresses ethnographic research with children — Universidade Federal da Paraíba
Ethical-methodological points in research on children are the topic of a file within the journal Altera edited by the Postgraduate Program in Anthropology (PPGA) of the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB). This thirteenth version of the scientific journal accommodates 11 most important articles, two works on different themes, an ethnographic report, two visible essays and a tribute to Brazilian anthropologist, researcher and professor Mauro Couri.
The file was organized by Professors Emeline Sousa, Flavia Pires and Maria Amoras from the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), UFPB and Federal University of Pará (UFPA) respectively. This particular version of Altera has additionally been calculated with the participation of some members of the research group of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPQ) Child, Society and Culture (CREAS) led by Flavia Pires.
“When we embody children in ethnographic research, what occurs to our key informants, natives, interlocutors, collaborators? Can we work with the identical strategies used with adults? Will you adapt to them? In a society the place children’s voices are muted, irrelevant, infantile, how can these taught topics take part in our research? We wager on the alternative. We imagine that children convey new views to actuality if these views should not delivered to mild, ethnographic texts lose intelligibility”, analyzes Flavia Pires.
According to Emeline Sousa, 11 main articles replicate research on children in quite a lot of contexts. “In social actions, on a seaside in Cape Verde, in Mozambique, in institutional contexts of shelters or prisons, in colleges, in conditions of sickness, within the countryside, in displacement across the metropolis. All these articles problematize the ethical-methodological problems with their research in numerous conditions”, mentioned the exterior collaborator.
According to the UFMA professor, the ethnographic technique makes use of conventional anthropological methods comparable to interviews, casual conversations and observations in discipline research with children, but in addition strategies comparable to drawings and essays and devices comparable to recorders, cameras and camcorders. Collaborative strategies and the potential of children as co-investigators.
“From an moral perspective, the articles query which moral procedures we undertake and the way we deal with the individuality of the research of protected topics who should not legally chargeable for their actions, however who’re nonetheless understood as full and possessive individuals”, analyzes Emiline Sousa. For him, the structure of children as co-authors additionally in ethnographic texts – their names, their voices and their photos (whether or not their faces in images or these created by them) – signifies ways in which acknowledge them not solely as creators. It inserts actuality, not ignoring the specificity of every discipline and the anthropological means to seek out options in every of those fields, however affirming the significance of their authorship within the textual content.
UFPB professor Flavia Pires recalled that the file was created in 2020 on the thirty second Brazilian Anthropological Meeting (RBA). He says that, for the occasion, “I and Emilín Sousa suggest a working group (WG) on this matter, as a result of, in Brazil, there may be already quite a lot of research on children, within the discipline of childhood research, little one anthropology, sociology of childhood. But the job is often a generic method. There isn’t any in-depth moral and procedural dialogue amongst them. That is why we really feel the necessity to consider this difficulty on this file”, mentioned the professor.
According to Flavia Pires, research on children illuminates anthropological research typically as a result of it highlights dilemmas and the options that may be discovered. He did, nonetheless, spotlight two research from outdoors Brazil that appeared within the file. one with Mozambican children and the opposite from Cape Verde, each on the African continent and with Portuguese-speaking populations.
“I feel it is extremely vital from the perspective of our integration with the international locations of the Portuguese colonies that we name the Global South, which nonetheless undergo from the colonial issues which have arisen at this time. I feel it isn’t solely important to have a dialog with researchers who research these areas, however we additionally research with them, who’ve suffered and are nonetheless affected by historic processes like us, albeit with their specialties”, defended the UFPB researcher.
Although research on children has grown significantly lately, Emilyn Sousa feels that there’s a lot to debate about the usage of conventional strategies and methods of anthropology contemplating children as the primary topic of research. Also, for him, moral points comparable to the usage of photos in images, the disclosure of his identify, and his signed drawings elevate a collection of questions that Childhood Studies has by no means completed.
To put together the file, Flavia Pires additionally drew on the work of PPGA doctoral scholar Cristina Gladis and photographer Thiago Nozzi, chargeable for the duvet picture. The cowl of the scientific journal is a montage of images by Thiago Nozzi and a baby’s drawing by Serena Pires Ayoub. It depicts a second when researcher Carla Mendonsa takes her research paper to the children she labored with throughout her grasp’s diploma. There was additionally collaboration from Núbia Guedes and Mohana Morais from the Postgraduate Program in Sociology (PPGS) at UFPB.
Monica Franch is a professor of PPGA at UFPB along with Professor Pedro Nascimento and editor of Altera. He added that the theme of the following file can be “Ethnographies of a syndemic: Covid-19 and its interactions”, organized by him and Sonia Maloof and Soraya Fleischer, respectively, of the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). and Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) Brasilia (UNB).
A syndemic is a set of intently interconnected, mutually aggravating well being issues that considerably have an effect on the overall well being standing of the inhabitants within the context of persistently hostile social circumstances, in line with M. Singer. The idea has already been extensively cited academically in an article written by researchers José Patricio Bispo Jr. and Janilson Barbosa dos Santos for volumes 37 and 10 of the Cadernos de Saude Publica of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) revealed final yr. The new Altera file will convey texts produced within the context of the Antropo-covid research community primarily based at UFPB and with the participation of researchers from UFSC, UnB, UFPA and Unicentro.
Reporting by: Pedro Paz
Editing: Alain Lins
Photo: Jainara De Souza