Torture and mental health of children and adolescents

In mid-2010, MA, a minor from Porto Alegre, decided to end the situation after suffering years of revenge from other boys for being overweight, and the two of them fought back. Dissatisfied with MA’s response, a colleague of the harassers, just 14 years old, killed MA in retaliation.

That same year, a ninth-grade student at a high school in Belo Horizonte was beaten by six boys with brass bangs as he opened the exit gate. The reason for the aggression was that the victim refused to take part in the joint aggression against another student. After threatening a colleague about the intentions of the six boys, he was threatened, which turned into a beating.

In Sao Paulo, a state school student was cornered and assaulted by five girls on his way out of class. The victim said that the assailants called him “fat with many stretch marks” and ridiculed him. No limit to the increase in group violence was found, until the name-calling turned into physical aggression, even portrayed by one participant.

In Osasco, the teacher himself was responsible for the violence against a minor. Because of the victim’s excess weight, the educator encouraged other students to submit a series of physical and mental punishments to him, which turned out to be a curse from the whole class.

Added to this is the aggression by a boy in the countryside of Piau,, stoned to death for the general truth of wearing glasses. Ridicule and aggression had such an effect on the victim’s psyche that he often became unconscious and had convulsions. Or, still, a teenage suicide after an intimate video leaked to the Internet. Prior to the performance, the victim posted the sad decision on her social media, apologizing to her mother for not being the perfect daughter.

All the examples mentioned have similarities in practice BullyingAn expression that originated in English and refers to the author of aggression, is called Intimidation, Which translates into Portuguese meaning “righteous” or “quarrelsome”. Victims, in general, are often targeted by their abusers in the school environment because they do not fit a certain pattern of behavior or their physical characteristics differ from what is considered standard. Not being on the team, they fell apart, followed by physical and verbal aggression. Exclusion of the victim from singing, caricatures, drawings, nicknames, posters, photos, videos and social life is a sign that precedes a more brutal situation, capable of causing serious emotional trauma and in some cases even suicide. The victim. Recipient of the crime.

To understand the scale of today’s problem, a study was conducted in 2018 by the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Sওo Paulo in partnership with the University of Cambridge with 2,702 ninth graders from 119 public and private schools in S সাo Paulo. Paolo found that 29% of them were victims Bullying And 23% from other forms of violence [1].

Reported in terms of growing numbers Bullying, Act nº 13.185 / 15 introduced programs to deal with systemic intimidation (bullying). According to paragraphs 1, §1, systematic intimidation is defined as any act of physical or mental, intentional and repetitive violence that occurs without explicit motivation and is practiced by one person or group to intimidate one or more individuals. Attacking them or her in a relationship of power imbalances between the parties involved, causes pain and suffering to the victim.

Its paragraph 2 also determines that Bullying Use of physical or moral violence or physical assault, personal insults, constant and hateful remarks, derogatory nicknames, threats, derogatory graffiti, prejudicial expressions, intimidation, acts of intimidation or discrimination, including conscious and premeditated social use will be identified. Isolation, ridicule and mockery. Note that there are provisions in the law Cyber ​​bullyingProvocation against victims of insults, degrading treatment or any form of violence on the Internet, such as tampering with photos, publishing videos and sharing personal information that causes psychological embarrassment.

For example, Article 3 takes care to classify fears according to the steps taken, e.g. “I – verbal: insulting, cursing and abusive nickname; II – moral: defamation, slander, spreading rumors; III – sexual: harassment, persuasion and / or abuse; IV – social: ignoring, isolating and excluding; V – Psychological: Harassment, intimidation, intimidation, intimidation, domination, manipulation, blackmailing and creating hell; VI – Physical: punching, kicking, hitting; VII – material: stealing Destroying things; VIII – Virtual: deprivation, intrusion intrusion, sending personal information or interfering causing distress or creating psychological and social embarrassment. “

Explained by Luciano Alves Rosatto, Paolo Eduardo Lepore and Rosario Sanchez Cunha [2]Systematic intimidation will always present three issues: 1) Aggressive / intimidating, called Intimidation; 2) victim / oppressed; And 3) audience. The Intimidation The active subject of the action, which can be practiced individually or collectively, with a larger body than most victims, who seeks popularity or approval from a group that insults a third party. The victim, individually or collectively, is chosen as a target to present physical or behavioral characteristics that differ from the values ​​considered by a party. Thus, dress, haircut, voice, height, behavior and school performance are seen as motivations for humiliation and aggression. Audiences are the ultimate recipients of insults, who passively watch series of aggression against victims.

In addition to direct physical or moral aggression (punch, kick, curse, nickname), Bullying It may be committed in an indirect way, not so obvious in the eyes of others. The practice consists mainly of the social isolation of the victim, excluding him from any interaction with the environment. In this way, the attacker prevents other people from associating with the harassed person or restricting their personal freedom, preventing the victim from going to certain places or using all school utensils, such as playing on the sports court or game room.

Contemporary, the most common way to embarrass the victim is through virtual intimidation (Article 3, VIII), popularly known asyberbulling. With the advent of the Internet and the new connection of socialization, the current generation of youth and children had a virtual environment as a platform for them to interact. Conversations, flirting, games and games, which previously took place privately on the street or in the school yard, have increasingly given way to social networks and digital media. Although, apparently, the relationship may seem cool, its scope has increased, since the physical distance is crossed by the push of a button, and what was once confined to a group or region can achieve international proportions.

Extensive reach and permanence of the content transmitted on the Internet is the cause of special gravity Cyber ​​bullying Threats and insults can take many forms, e.g. Sexting And Nude selfie, Revenge porn eocyberstalking. Sexting Sexual content is sent or received via smartphone Nude selfie A specific place of sexual content that sends or receives photos or videos of a naked or half-naked body. Obscene revenge (Pornographic revenge), instead, on the Internet, involving the distribution of photos or videos or sexual activities of nude persons as revenge for ending a relationship, without consent. Cyberstocking Repression, without consent, is capable of causing fear or panic, such as the systematic sending of threatening messages that are directed at an individual or group of people; The Hacking Digital media by posting false information or intimate pictures; Creating a social networking community for the purpose of insult and disclosing personal life information to the public [3].

Finally, it should be noted that the main objective of the program is to prevent systematic intimidation. Bullying, Not placing any general image for behavior. This includes educating children and adolescents, promoting awareness and providing psychological and social assistance to the victims. [4]. Despite the absence of a specific general picture, its agents will be criminally liable for the actions involved (physical injury, defamation, defamation, murder), and as citizens under Articles 186, 927 and 928, under all CCs. Whatever the case may be, the legislature is still struggling to keep up Bullying Will fight and suppress more firmly.

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