Children

Three children are rescued from child labor every two days in Minas

Between January and May of this year, the regional labor superintendent was caught, every two days, three children in an irregular work situation in Minas Gerais. In all, 188 records were found in 140 inspection operations, which found underage activities such as garbage selection and processing, charcoal plants, illegal activities. A number that draws particular attention is that this Sunday (12) is World Day Against Child Labor.

When it comes to Brazil, the information opens up a lot of contradictions in the realities of the country and in the daily life of the population. As pointed out by Fundação Abrinq, João Pedro Cintra’s social indicators intelligence technician, when the unemployment rate in Brazil is more than 10% – that is, it is not possible to exploit all available legal labor – there are minors going to work prematurely. The results, he said, are huge now and in the future.

“These children and adolescents, in general, are greatly affected by school performance and lack of study opportunities. When you start working early, there is a loss of competition in the future job market,” he said.

The latest available data on child labor in the country from the Continuous National Household Sample Survey of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics shows that in 2019, 1.7 million children and adolescents were between the ages of 5 and 17. Labor situation. According to a survey by the National Forum for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Labor (FNPETI), there were 288,358 people in Minas Gerais.

A study by Fundação Abrinq shows that these numbers are even higher with the Kovid-19 epidemic, with 317,000 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 17 engaged in child labor between the last quarter of 2020 and 2021.

“I think in any situation where we see children and adolescents working, we have to be angry. This is a violation of the law, a violation of the law, “said Elvira Cossande, coordinator of the Forum for the Eradication and Combat of Child Labor.

This resentment, as he describes it, is associated not only with the situation, but with serious consequences and pain that many adults have never experienced in their lives. According to Elvira, physical problems caused by child labor, including deformities and even death, are not uncommon. Psychological damage is also varied, he says.

“We have cases of children and teenagers who have lost their hands and arms while going to work, who have been burnt, who have been bitten by snakes and scorpions. In addition, there is early maturity. Disorders of adult life may be associated with work performed in childhood, ”he noted.

Action

In view of this situation, as directed by Labor Attorney Wagner Amaral, various steps have been taken in the state to reverse this situation. He emphasized that the fight against child labor and the regularization of adolescent work was a priority of the Ministry of Labor.

There is a program called “Resgate à Infancia”, which includes three projects: MPT in schools, aimed at negotiating with the school community to address child labor; The Learning and Professionalization Project, which aims to promote professional education, and the Public Policy Project, which aims to improve the flow of referrals to support tools, parent councils, municipal legislatures, and child labor. “

The Minas government has also stated that there are several measures in place in the state to combat child labor. An active search of these actions involves welcoming the public and their families to projects, programs, services and social support facilities; Training of agents of the Child and Adolescent Rights Guarantee System, among others.

Also this month, the municipal secretary for social assistance, food security and citizenship launched the “Social Security to End Child Labor” campaign. Activities include traffic blitz, artistic and humorous interventions and workshops with families, to sensitize society to the issue. The full schedule is available on the website. pbh.gov.br/bhsemtrabalhoinfantil.

Learn more

What is considered child labor?

According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), child labor is performed by children / adolescents under the age of authorization to work in each country.

At what age are you allowed to work in Brazil?

According to the Ministry of Women, Family and Human Rights, the minimum age is 16 years. If you are an apprentice, 14. However, there are exceptions. Anyone between the ages of 16 and 18 should not work at night on the list of unhealthy, hazardous or worst forms of child labor (TIP list), which include, for example, working in heavy civil construction, transportation and explosives storage, street business, among others.

And what about the children who performed the artistic presentation?

ILO Convention No. 138, Article 8, allows children under the age of 14 to work in artistic presentation. However, a case-by-case analysis is required.

The most common form of child labor in Brazil

The Civil Society Organization of Public Interest (OSCIP) Childhood refers to the major forms of child labor in Brazil.

Domestic child labor

According to the survey, child and adolescent work in a third party home is one of the most common ways, especially when it comes to girls.

Child labor on the streets

This is one where children and teenagers act as street vendors or flannel, for example.

Child labor in the field

Many children and adolescents work in agriculture and animal husbandry, such as planting vegetables and even driving tractors.

Dangerous child labor

These are performances such as handling at great altitudes, confined spaces, or substances that can cause serious damage.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.