There are 8 times more families for adoption than the number of children available in Brazil
The state has sheltered more than 3,000 children and adolescents for more than 33,000 families eligible for adoption. The main reason for the long waiting list is the limitations of the desired profile of children and adolescents
By Anna Clara Godoi
Eight times more families in Brazil are eligible for adoption than children and adolescents. According to data from the National Council of Justice, The state has provided shelter to 3,751 children and adolescentsFamily capacity is already impoverished, and 33,046 eligible families for adoption.
Differences in numbers from one number to another occur for a variety of reasons, among which families prefer children under the age of eight. Of the 3,751 children, more than 2,600 are over eight years of age, only 279 are under two years of age and 742 are adolescents.
The main age difference between children and adolescents available for adoption and those who want to. To the Assistant Judge of the Corregedoria Geral da Justiça on matters relating to children and youth in the State of Sওo Paulo, Dr. Iberê de Castro Dias, the choice relates to the dreams and ideals of motherhood and fatherhood.
“It is important to make clear that there is nothing random, immoral or immoral about people who want to adopt newborns. Everyone knows what their dream is. If you want to hear the child say the first word, take the first step, it is very personal. I think this choice is related to that, “he said.
According to the judge, myths about children over the age of eight who have already formed a personality also make this age group difficult to accept. In addition to age, other factors that usually limit the profile of potential adopters are severe disability and having multiple siblings.
Data from the National Council of Justice (CNJ) for 2019 shows that 61.9% of eligible siblings do not adopt siblings. “It is difficult to adopt siblings. [Há] Adoption and finances are also important, as spending on children involves health, education and leisure, and it’s too much, “said Jonathan Williantan, 28, who adopted five siblings together with her husband, Daniel Rocha Braz.
The Rio Claro couple, inside Sao Paulo, decided to prevent the brothers, who are Jonathan’s cousins, from separating. Although the kids already had a bond with one of the parents, Jhonatan said adaptation was the hardest part of the whole process.
“Kids of all ages need very different attention, but as the months go by, things start to settle down. Today, we are not afraid because there are five. We can say that we have won, “he said.
The adaptation period, officially called the coexistence phase, lasts about six months. The child begins to live with the adoptive, while the authorities analyze the bonds formed between the couple and the children.
“All of us were helped by networking. The Social Assistance Reference Center and the Guardianship Council visited to see if everything was going well for the children’s education, routine and health, “explained Jhonatan.
Anyone over the age of 18 who has perfect use of the psychiatric faculty can be accepted in Brazil. The only limitation is that The age difference between the adoptive and the adoptive is at least 16 years.
The qualification process begins with the submission of personal documents and psychosocial studies so that the authorities can understand the applicant’s mental state. Once the person qualifies, they enter the adoption queue. The time spent in line will be related to the profile of where she lives and the child she wants to adopt – the more limited the profile, the longer the person will wait in line.
When this person’s turn comes, he starts communicating with the child, when the approach phase begins. Then comes the stage of coexistence and if all the needs of the child are met, adoption takes place.
The National Adoption and Shelter System (SNA) has been developed in recent years, and now a single system contains all the major data on children, adolescents and families eligible for adoption in the country. Was modernized by the National Council of Justice.
“It was a huge step forward for the protection of children and adolescents in Brazil. Firstly, because it provides a national perspective on the situation and thus, we are able to understand regional issues, what are the disadvantages of each region, each state. Secondly, because it is data We have been able to create a more efficient public policy based on those that are more reliable and secure, ”explained Dr. Iber de Castro Dias.
In addition to digitizing all the juvenile and youth courts in the country, SNA last month acquired a new tool to expedite the adoption process. Now, qualified suitors will be able to view photos and videos of children and adolescents, unless they are legally authorized.
The system conducts an active search among welcome children and adolescents, promoting meetings among eligible families who have eliminated the possibility of a suitor compatible with the profile they are looking for.
Those interested in adoption should contact the Municipal Child and Youth Court.