There are 6 suspected cases of mysterious hepatitis in Rio involving children

The state of Rio de Janeiro is already investigating six suspected cases of mysterious hepatitis that have been reported in other countries. The disease, which is affecting children and causing serious conditions, still has an unknown cause.

As reported this Friday (6) by the State Department of Health (SES-RJ), residents of the capital are involved in three of the six cases: they are children aged 4 and 8, in addition to a 2-month-old child. Incidents are still being analyzed with a 3-year-old in Nitroi and another 2-year-old in Araruama. In Marika, the death of an 8-month-old baby is also being investigated.

The Secretariat advises parents to be vigilant and take their children to the doctor in case of any doubt.

Mysterious hepatitis is accompanied by a variety of symptoms: abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and jaundice, which are characteristic when the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow. Liver can be tested to detect elevated levels of enzymes.

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can have many sources, the most common being infections of type A, B and C viruses, as well as alcohol or other toxic substances such as drugs and drug abuse. However, in early April, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a worldwide warning after recording a number of serious cases in the UK.

There are similar cases in other countries. Last week, the WHO updated statistics and reported 169 cases of acute hepatitis involving children and adolescents aged 1 month to 16 years in 11 countries in Europe and the United States. One death was recorded and 17 patients needed a liver transplant.

In Brazil, not only in Rio de Janeiro, but also in Paran, suspicious cases have been reported. Other Latin American countries, such as Argentina and Panama, have reported in recent days that they are monitoring patients.

Caution

It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. However, about two weeks ago, the Ministry of Health instructed state governments that health services should be vigilant in cases of severe acute hepatitis where the patient has significantly increased transaminases (intracellular enzymes), sometimes pre-symptomatic gastrointestinal.

In the United Kingdom, messages circulating on social media point to a link between cases and vaccines against Covid-19. According to the WHO, this is misinformation and this association has been completely canceled, as most patients are of a certain age who are not involved in the immunization campaign.

Also on Friday (6), the United Kingdom Health Safety Agency (UKHSA) noted in a new report that the main assumption is that the cases are linked to an adenovirus, which has been detected in a large number of tests. Patients, however, since the incidence of hepatitis in previously healthy children caused by this type of pathogen is uncommon, the contribution of other factors is being investigated. A post-covid-19 infection syndrome is not blown away. The disease may also be a manifestation of the combined activity of various infectious agents.

Other guesses

The greater sensitivity of children’s bodies is also considered a possibility, as captivity during the Kovid-19 epidemic kept them less exposed to various viruses. As a result, their immune systems may not be properly prepared to respond to infection. Another line of investigation seeks to identify whether there are mutations in the adenovirus. “These possibilities are being rapidly explored,” the UKHSA said The agency further said that an official epidemic study is underway.

Adenoviruses are a family of viruses with dozens of serotypes. It is transmitted through fecal or watery fecal contamination or, rarely, through air leaks. They are common and often infect children around the world, causing various illnesses such as gastroenteritis, conjunctivitis and respiratory diseases. Mostly light in this case.

In the United States, a study published by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) examined cases identified in the state of Alabama and found that patients were infected with adenovirus type 41, which typically causes gastroenteritis. Although it is not known to be the cause of hepatitis, North American researchers believe that its association with the analyzed phenomenon is possible. “At this time, we believe that adenovirus may be the cause of these reported cases, but other potential environmental and situational factors are still being investigated,” the CDC said, adding that the study only raised concerns in Alabama, and that it was not possible. To generalize them. For now.

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