Marriage

The most iconic couple in the book charged in the entrance exam

Ah, Valentine’s Day … some would say that love is in the air at this time of year and couples can be seen everywhere. If you, in college, are already feeling attacked – and even a little confused – by all these romantic aura, know that it is possible to combine all these things: fun, Valentine’s Day and at the same time, a little study.

With that in mind, Student Guidance distinguishes a list of the most iconic couples from the books already appearing in college entrance exams, e.g. fuvest And Unicamp. Even And anywayFor those who do not need specific reading, the language test covers questions from literature classics.

Take a look at the couple who identified the literature and the plots in the books in which they appeared:

Pedro Bala and Dora – “Captain of the Sands”




Photo: Imagem Filmes / Publicity / Student Guide

Inside Bali captain, Books of 1937 George Amado, The reader meets a group of abandoned minors living on the streets of the city of Salvador. Described as hungry, dirty and aggressive, the boys, who make their home in an abandoned warehouse, live on the edge of Bahian society and survive through begging and stealing. The leader of the team is brave Pedro Bala, A young man who died on the street after his father, a striker leader, was killed in the docks at the age of five. Pedro is described as a nimble, skilled young man with blonde hair and facial scars.

One day, two new orphans join the group: Stripe And Zé Weasel. Their mother died of smallpox. Girl Dora, aged 13 to 14, has big eyes and blonde hair, her breasts are “already starting to appear under her clothes”. The beauty of the young woman, and the fact that she was the first girl in the group, soon attracted the attention of the boys, making her the center of controversy over who would have sex with her.

Pedro Bala, at first, was against Dora’s permanence in the team, but characters such as Professor and Joao Grande defended her, and the young woman began to represent an almost maternal role in the team. Dora’s presence becomes even more important, making her equal, not just a mother.

Pedro and Dora fall in love and the lost boys develop a complex relationship like the king and queen of that kingdom. For Pedro, who until then was only concerned with women for his sexual pleasure, Dora represents the discovery of true love and companionship.

Geronimo and Rita Bayana – “O Cortico”



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Photo: Argos Films / Reproduction / Student Guide

Tenement, Inside Alusio Azevedo, This is the main work in the literary present of Brazilian naturalism. Written in 1890, the book follows the daily life of a tenement in central Rio de Janeiro. The site focuses on small, affordable housing for people with low purchasing power in Rio de Janeiro. Its inhabitants include the Portuguese JeromeA hardworking and disciplined man who works as a miner in the quarry of Joao Romao, the owner of the tenement.

The naturalist aesthetic sets the melody in “O Cortico”, showing the most primitive aspect of his characters. Everyone there represents a behavior or human feeling, but not in an ideological way like Romanticism, but rather, presents the most animalistic version of it.

Jerome is one of the best examples of Tenement’s ability to arouse wild instincts among its inhabitants. Married, the man falls in love with his neighbor, warm and sensual Rita Bahia, Described as a “Mulatto woman” who fascinates men, women and children Emotions, however, are not driven by feelings of love, but by a sexual desire.

Rita’s character is a synthesis of stereotypes associated with Brazilian women by the colonists: “She breathed in the cleanliness of Brazilian women and a sensual scent of clover and fragrant plants”.

The journey to conquer Rita Bayana, who was initially partnered with another, is marked by the transformation of Geronimo. From a hardworking, disciplined and dedicated man, he turned into a beast dissatisfied with Rita Bayana’s body, neglecting his wife and daughter along the way.

A. HighlighterThe Guia do Estudante podcast, which analyzes the entrance exam books, features an episode dedicated to “O Cortiço” that reflects the main aspects of the work.

Erasema and Martim – “Erasema”



The actors in the play 'Erasema dos Labos de Mail: O Musical' have interpreted the couple Martim and Erasema in Theatro Jose de Alenkar.

The actors in the play ‘Erasema dos Labos de Mail: O Musical’ have interpreted the couple Martim and Erasema in Theatro Jose de Alenkar.

Photo: Jarbas Oliveira / Publicity / Student Guide

Probably one of the most ideal couples in Brazilian literature, iracema And Martin Not only does it embody the ideals of the first generation of Brazilian Romanticism, but also its own feeling of the period of the founding of the Brazilian nation. In its work Jos ডি de AllenkarWritten in 1865, the reader follows the historical romance between a white colonial man and an aboriginal woman, a reunion that would represent the flower of the mixed-race character of national identity.

The two characters in the book are seen not as unique individuals with their own thoughts and experiences, but as ambassadors of their culture and people. Martim Europe itself, the civilized, polished and modern culture of whites; Where Erasema is “barbaric”, the innocence and freedom of the local people.

Seeing Martim for the first time, Irasema shoots him with a sharp arrow to protect herself, but soon realizes that the man has no intention of hitting her. The movement points to Cupid’s own arrow and already shows the genius and raw direction of Erasmus. Throughout the work, the “sweet-lipped virgin” is described using metaphors that refer to the fauna and flora of Brazil, as well as a specific mysticism about indigenous culture.

Her hair is “blacker than the wings of the nation and longer than the shape of the palate”, she is “faster than the wild emu”, her smile is “sweeter than the comb of the nation” and “not even the smell of vanilla” is the scent of the forest.

Many will remember the story of this couple Pocahontas, A young Aboriginal woman who falls in love with an English explorer in the North American colonies. The difference between the two, however, is that the Erasmus woman never existed. This is Jose de Alenkar’s interpretation of indigenous culture (including stereotypes and clichs) and the attitude that people wanted to develop during Romanticism – the result of being a brave, yet innocent and genuine man.

The name Erasema is an anagram for America which shows the purpose of the author. Martin was already there. He was a Portuguese colonialist who was present at the first expedition to Sierra in 1603.

Fabiano and Sinha Vitoria – “Dry Lives”



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Photo: Herbert Research / Disclosure / Student Guide

Even the dryness and inconvenience described in Vidas Sekas did not separate the couple. Fabian And Sinha Vitoria, Mother and father of a family of immigrants from northeastern Brazil. Its a classic book Graciliano RamosPublished in 1938, the second phase of modernism is considered one of the major works of the regional genre.

In the story, the reader follows the story of the Sartenejo family trying to survive in the dry season in Kattinga. Fabiano works as a farm cowboy; He is a rude man of few words and often sees himself as an animal. His wife Sinha Vittoria works with him, but also takes care of the house and the children. She is the one who calculates for the house money and warns her husband in case of cheating. Together, the couple raised two children and a dog.

One of the reasons for making “Vidas Sekas” a classic is the fidelity with which the author was able to portray the difficulties of a backward life. Brief descriptions, with a few adjectives, seem to mimic the catering dryness. This fidelity also applies to the hero couple; Fabiano and Sinha Vittoria include an entire segment of Brazil’s population living in poverty, hunger and without basic conditions.

He is an uneducated man who suffers at the hands of abusive bosses and wants to know how to communicate better. She is a believing woman who dreams of sleeping in a leather ribbon bed and giving her children a better life. Although there is no great display of affection on the pages of the book, the firmness of the relationship is clear.

Together they endure the adversity of life.

Bentinho and Capitu – “Dom Casmuro”



Characters Bentinho and Capitu in the 2008 television adaptation.

Characters Bentinho and Capitu in the 2008 television adaptation.

Photo: Globoplay / Disclosure / Student Guide

Cheated or deceived? The most famous couple in Brazilian literature, no doubt, Bentinho And ChapterFrom its masterpiece Machado de Asis, Dom Casmuro. In this 1899 realistic novel, author Bento tells the story of Santiago, from his youth to the end of his journey, as if “tying the two ends of life.” Meanwhile, it has been said how (and why) the young man got the nickname “Dom Casmuro”.

Between ups and downs, love and despair, figures through the life of Dom Casamuro are presented throughout the chapter. But a name not only marks the heart of the youth, the league of the most interesting female characters in Brazilian literature: Capitu. The young woman is described as a mysterious, magnetic being with “oblique and disguised gypsy eyes”, a “mysterious and energetic liquid, a force that pulls her inwards”, just like the ocean on Hangover Day.

Bentinho and Capito know each other in their teens, and the relationship, even with someone’s nose twisted, works out everything except one detail: the boy was promised by his mother to be a priest. And it seals the two of their first kisses before sending them to the seminary.

The young man’s mother, after finding a “way” for Bento to escape the promise, eventually married Capitu. But it doesn’t take long for problems to start to appear. The romance between Bentinho and Capitu, which can be seen as the high point of Dom Casamuro’s life, is tainted by suspicion of violence and adultery.

Everything goes wrong because of the difficulty of having two children. When they finally succeed, the child in Bento’s eyes is like his best friend.

Capito’s alleged betrayal involves a heated debate over “Dom Casmuro”. In this discussion that divides readers as much as the Greeks and Trojans, everyone generally agrees: the complexity of the work of the couple Bentinho and Capito is a great highlight.

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