Tensions in the labor market at record ranges, solutions are considered here

After a collection of incarceration shocks in 2020, employment on everlasting and fixed-term contracts of multiple month, excluding momentary employees, exceeded their pre-crisis degree in 2021 (+ 24.3%). On its half, the variety of job seekers in class A decreased (-12.4%). Driven by vital job creation, not solely per exercise development, the labor market regained some colour. And it continues.

The Dares (which reviews to the Ministry of Labor) underlined this Thursday, September 8, 2022 that personal paid employment in France elevated by 0.5% in the second quarter (ie 93,000 internet employment). In the first quarter, personal payroll employment had already elevated by 0.4% (+88,200).

On the adverse aspect, many corporations complain that they can not discover candidates for the positions they should fill.

Read extra: Maintenance. “What’s shocking about job creation, not unemployment figures”

Recruiting difficulties that may justify a reform

To treatment this, the authorities needs to overview the unemployment insurance coverage guidelines. Despite hiccups and the obligatory passage of 2019 reforms, he needs to go additional, drawing the ire of unions. In the line of fireside: scale back the period of advantages and tighten situations for opening rights when financial situations are favorable.

is requested by France info On September 7, 2022, Minister of Labor Olivier Dussopt talked about the thought of ​​growing the contribution interval from 6 months to eight months or 6 months of labor for 18 months as an alternative of the present 24 months. Note that the 2019 reforms, which lastly got here into impact at the finish of 2021, elevated the already required membership interval from 4 months to six months.

Thus, the authorities suggests with out concealing that some would quite be unemployed than settle for the jobs that come their manner. This clearly reveals a willingness to push job seekers in direction of confused sectors with out questioning their lack of attractiveness and typically the threat of underestimating the job seeker’s {qualifications}.

Read extra: Unemployment, pensions… do social companions nonetheless have a task to play?

Moreover, Pôle emploi is engaged on an institution “Pool of motivated candidates who could also be prepared for employment or with fast adaptation steps” in every of their roughly 900 branches to direct the most “confused” sectors. It originates from inner paperwork (Pôle emploi acknowledges “Working Documents”) instructed on September 8 the world AndAFP But which was initially revealed by Mediapart . 23 companies “particularly tense” have been recognized. They vary from cooks to nurses to supply males. The doc mentions a “Operational Implementation” Plans till September 19. By this date, a follow-up portfolio of 150 to 200 candidates will likely be created at every group.

There is a scarcity of nurses

Against this equal financial and political backdrop, Dares is releasing an index of labor market tensions on September 8. According to this knowledge, they reached their highest degree since 2011. They are thus growing in just about all occupations and are significantly sturdy in development, trade, IT and telecommunications in addition to nurses. In complete, 7 in 10 occupations (representing two-thirds of employment) are below excessive or very excessive stress in 2021, in comparison with 6 in 10 in 2020.

As a reminder, DARES measures rigidity in the labor market by contemplating three dimensions: recruitment issues anticipated by employers; The variety of job vacancies in comparison with the variety of job seekers and in the end, the ease of discovering a job.

The prime 30 hottest occupations in 2021 are little modified in comparison with 2020. Nursing, which is the occupation the place the rigidity has grown the most, is entering into it. Just like metallic removing expert employees, specialist technicians, supervisors and comparable employees in course of industries, carpenters and format and insulation employees.

Conversely, 5 occupations go away the prime 30: house helpers and housekeepers (primarily as a result of little particular coaching is required), engineers and administrative executives, pc upkeep, work professionals in stone and associated supplies, different paramedical professionals and medical gadget specialists. . Daers additionally famous that three-quarters of the prime 30 are development and industrial companies.

decreased pool

But what explains this pleasure? Too a lot recruitment, job decline and even lack of candidates? “Among the thirty most confused occupations in 2021, three-quarters are experiencing a shrinking pool (sturdy, even very sturdy scarcity of obtainable labor) and two-thirds are hiring intensively (sturdy or very sturdy depth of recruitment). » Also, “Almost all jobs in the prime 30 require particular coaching (sturdy and really sturdy training-employment hyperlinks). In some instances, reminiscent of car mechanics and electronics, the mismatch is quite qualitative: the occupation is in rigidity regardless of an enough pool of obtainable labor. Then Tension comes from a scarcity of coaching, a really sturdy have to recruit or restrictive work situations that gradual candidates down. » For two-thirds of the prime 30 occupations, candidates do not stay in the geographic space that the jobs must be stuffed.

Read extra: Employment: Is the French “Great Resignation” a mirage?

And all this catering? At a time once we’re speaking about nice layoffs, it is usually held up as an emblem of recruiting difficulties. However, none of its companies had been a part of the prime 30 in 2021. On the different hand, at the degree of the sector as a complete, Dares famous that with sturdy development in exercise and hiring in the second half of 2021, tensions have elevated over the common yr particularly for resort trade staff and administration in addition to waiters and motels.

Finally, in transportation be aware that this improve is notable for truck drivers and street public transport drivers, who in earlier years already had laborious jobs.

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