Children

Studies show that breastfeeding helps babies develop intelligence

“There are times when I am surprised by many questions, which he answers himself. I was even surprised! The other day he was talking to me about World War I, he was doing research on the internet. And what he tells me, I confirm the information, “said micro-entrepreneur Lucien da Conceicao Vieira da Silva, who breastfed her son Valentine until he was five years old. Today, at the age of 9, he is a boy who loves to tell stories, go to school, ride a bike. Many of the benefits of breastfeeding are well known, and recently, a study by the University of Oxford in England, published in the journal PLos ONE, found that the duration of breastfeeding is associated with higher IQ during adolescence. According to the researchers, the study showed the importance of breastfeeding children for a long time.

These kids did somewhat better on a spatial test that required them to fit their colored squares into a shape that was done at the age of five. And much better when the test is carried out seven years. These tests, taken only up to the age of 11, measure spatial awareness and problem-solving skills.

“Another study from Oxford, published in the scientific journal The Lancet as a series of breastfeeding, followed 6,000 people from their birth in 1982 to the 1930s. “Those who are breastfed until the age of one are more successful in their careers,” said Dr. Gabriela Masset Faria, a neonatal pediatrician responsible for roaming at the hospital’s de Krianka e Maternity (HCM).

These two studies show the importance of breastfeeding for a long time. Even babies who were exclusively breastfed for shorter periods did better in the test of knowledge than those who had never been breastfed. Breastfeeding babies for four to six months performed better on memory, reasoning, and spatial awareness tests performed between the ages of 7 and 11.

According to the National Child Food and Nutrition Study (ENANI) 2019, the trend of continued breastfeeding in Brazil for 12 months is 53.1%. This indicator could be higher if actions, policies and programs are strengthened to promote, protect and support breastfeeding. “It simply came to our notice then. But I didn’t give up because I had too much milk. So, when she was one month old, I started breastfeeding and continued to do so until she was five years old, “says Lucien. Women are 2.5 times more likely to breastfeed.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), exclusive breastfeeding should be practiced until the age of six months, after which it is recommended for two years or more to supplement the baby’s diet. “But, unfortunately, here in Brazil, infants are exclusively breastfed until the age of 54 days. What happens is the lack of information that helps the mother understand the process of free need, about pain, mastitis. Also, it is important to have a support network, as breastfeeding is a tedious and tedious process, ”explains Gabriella.

The nutritional value of milk

Breast milk contains nutrients such as polyunsaturated fatty acids and iron which help in the development of the baby’s brain. Experts say it causes fewer infections and illnesses in children, which can help their intelligence because they have fewer absences from school.

According to the Scientific Department of Breastfeeding of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, several studies have shown that breastfed infants have an average 3.4 points higher IQ than non-breastfeeding or short-term breastfeeding. This is because the development of the brain is very intense in the first 2 years and there are elements in the composition of breast milk which are very important for reaching the potential of the baby’s intelligence. In addition, breastfeeding tends to be more stimulating, which is essential for the healthy development of the baby, as well as for emotional bonding.

But that doesn’t mean that every breastfed baby is smarter than a non-breastfed baby. Breastfeeding is just one of the many factors involved in a baby’s intelligence. Genetic factors, health, stimulation, the care they take, the lifestyle, the experiences they are exposed to, and above all, the environment are all crucial to breastfeeding for the full development of the baby’s intelligence. (MMM)

Mother’s companion

Genetic factors, health, stimulation, the care they take, the lifestyle, the experiences they are exposed to, and above all, the environment are all crucial to breastfeeding for the full development of the baby’s intelligence.

Most of the time, lack of guidance and information stops mothers from breastfeeding. To assist in the process, Human Milk Bank of Rio Pretor is a great partner. In addition to collecting breast milk for immature babies, Milk Bank provides guidance and support to breastfeeding mothers and / or those who are breastfeeding, including neonatal hospitalization in newborns, non-breastfeeding with low birth weight, immunodeficiency, with digestive problems. Difficulty

“We realize that the biggest reason for weaning is the lack of support from society, family members and health professionals. In addition, many mothers fail to receive adequate guidance on breastfeeding. And here at Banco de Leite, we support mothers, “explained Priscilla Selina Bonomo Theodoro, manager of Banco de Leite de Rio Preto. (MMM)

Numbers

The National Child Food and Nutrition Study reveals important information about breastfeeding. The sample includes 14,558 children living in 12,524 households across Brazil:

In Brazil, 96.2% of infants under two years of age were breastfed and 62.4% were breastfed within the first hours of life.

The tendency for exclusive breastfeeding (exclusive breastfeeding) of infants under 6 months was 45.8% in Brazil;

In the first year of life in Brazil (in children aged 12 to 23 months) the tendency to continue breastfeeding was 43.6%;

The median duration of EBF was 3.0 months and the lactation period was 15.9 months;

The incidence of cross-breastfeeding among children under two years of age was 21.1% in Brazil;

Almost all Brazilian babies were breastfed at some point and half of them were breastfed for at least 15.9 months.

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