Experts and professionals who deal with cases of violence against vulnerable groups begin to confirm by numbers that victims have lost access to epidemic support networks. Data from Dial 100, a service for reporting and monitoring human rights abuses run by the Ministry of Family, Women and Human Rights, shows that from January to April this year, ABC in Grand recorded 106 cases of sexual violence against children and adolescents. An increase of 92% over the same period in 2020, the first year of the epidemic, when 55 cases were recorded.
Far from indicating that violence has now escalated, experts say that this increase in complaints is a clear sign that lawsuits have been backed up. The numbers themselves are self-explanatory: 73.5% of the attackers are close people, family members or neighbors, that is, they are with the victims every day; 74.5% of aggressions occur in a domestic environment, either in the home of a victim, attacker or third party – see industry below.
With the resumption of face-to-face classes, the school has again become one of the main entrances to such complaints, as teachers and principals often identify situations of violence and call the authorities.
Maria Christina Pechtol, a public policy expert for women and gender justice, classified the data as “horrific” and recalled that schools and day care centers were safe havens for these children and adolescents. He emphasized that “education is a major pillar of cultural change in our society, from the patriarchal and sexist system that leads to violence. “Unfortunately, children and young people need to know what violence or harassment is, how to protect themselves or be able to report even faster, in the first few attempts,” he said, in defense of sex education.
Maria Cristina noted that a well-organized network is needed to mitigate the trauma and trauma of these victims, with the Reference Unit and the entire UBSs (Basic Health Unit) team prepared, trained, both to identify potential cases of abuse and to welcome victims in a dignified manner. “Unfortunately, we know that the health sector is very bad, the professionals are not able to deal with the basic issues. I keep imagining how desperate a mother is to take her child, her teenager, for treatment and can’t, “she concluded.
A structured network has also been appointed by Ariel de Castro Alves, chairman of the Human Rights Commission of the OAB (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil) in Sao Bernardo and a member of the OAB Sao Paulo Children and Adolescents Commission. According to him, cities need to set up special reference centers for the care of children and adolescents who are victims of violence, with multidisciplinary teams, and the state needs to set up specialized police stations for children and adolescents.
Alves noted that while impressive, the numbers could be even higher due to the large under-reporting of such crimes. “Schools need to enact legislation immediately after 2020 that deals with the obligation of psychologists and social workers in public schools,” he said. “They are fundamental to collective and individual care for diagnosing situations of violence,” he added.
Advocates point out that educators, health agents and the community in general need sensitivity and training on how to verify and report cases of violence against children and adolescents, and that education departments need to look for students who have not returned. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during violence and hunger, on the streets and in the exploitation of child labor, he concluded.
Human rights violations can be reported by calling 180 and 100 without identifying oneself. They can be notified via WhatsApp at (61) 99656-5008; By Telegram on the “DireitosHumanosBrasilBot” channel; Diretos Humanos Brasil through application and through the Ombudsman of the Ministry, at www.ouvidoria.mdh.gov.br.