Children

See list of symptoms, types of prevention, infections and treatment

Erica Drummond (Portal Fiocruz)

Coryza, cough, fever, illness.

These Symptoms Which may not only be a cold indication, but the picture is also caused by Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)Such as the causative agent of the disease BronchiolitisInflammation that makes it difficult for oxygen to reach the lungs.

Caused by the virus, the disease occurs seasonally and is more common in Brazil, mainly in the autumn and winter months. Children up to 2 years.

Bronchiolitis: Fiocruz precautions for prevention and diagnosis

“When Symptoms Evolves into Shortness of breath And Respiratory effort, The child should be taken to the pediatric emergency department for a quick medical assessment. The condition may or may not lead to respiratory failure, and may require hospitalization and the use of oxygen through non-invasive or invasive ventilation, “said Flavia A. Anisio de Carvalho, allergist and immunologist, for the National Institutes of Women’s Health and Adolescent Fernandez Figueira (IFF / Fiocruz).

Oh RSV According to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP) it is responsible for 75% of bronchiolitis and 40% of pneumonia.

There is still no vaccine against the disease, but the Unified Health System (SUS) has made the drug available since 2013. Palivizumab – Especially indicated for extremely premature babies, who have congenital heart disease or chronic lung disease, in which case the infection is usually more severe.

Bronchiolitis: How to prevent and treat?

Is a virus (VSR) Very contagious, Being transmitted by air, by touch and by contaminated objects. Prevention is similar to other viral infections including Covid-19.

Dr. Flavia Carvalho emphasizes the importance of avoiding closed environments and bringing people together, especially in the first three months of life. Washing your hands with soap or using gel alcohol, there are other measures besides masks that are in favor of reduction. Viral infections.

VSR increases, as Flavia Carvalho points out, occur at a time Decreased circulation of coronavirusAnd it is important to pay attention to other respiratory infections, which can lead to serious conditions for ICU admission.

“In times of epidemics and social isolation, RSV And other viruses have almost hampered their transmission, due to the use of masks and more consistent hygiene measures, “he noted. In addition, reducing contact with infected children and adults is another way to prevent it.

In most cases, Bronchiolitis Presents mild symptoms, which vary between seven and 12 days. Fever is treated at home with antipyretics and common auxiliary measures such as saline inhalation and nasal lavage. In some cases, bronchodilators and nebulization may be indicated with hypertonic saline.

“This type of nebulization, made with saline serum, makes it easier for mucus to clear the airways,” he explained. Inside In more severe casesWhere the child has shortness of breath, the treatment is in a hospital, and oxygen therapy can be used, “he said.

About the mother Breastfeeding, The recommendation is to use a mask and adequate hand hygiene, especially if you have catarrhal symptoms like cough, runny nose and nasal congestion. “She can and should breastfeed,” the expert emphasized. “Also, there is no indication to stop breastfeeding, at least up to two years of age, the only food needed for a baby up to 6 months,” she says.

Up to date vaccine

The same There is no vaccine against the virus, The doctor warns family members to keep the immunization schedule up to date. “Children from 6 months of age need to be vaccinated against the flu, as the influenza virus is another potential cause of serious lung infections,” he said. He noted that it was important to keep other vaccines up to date to prevent the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases in children.

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