Children

Saúde RJ – News – National Immunization Day: Department of Health warns of reduction of immunization coverage for children, youth and adults

In 1796, the English physician Edward Jenner performed an experiment on his garden boy, giving him a small dose of Cowpox. The 8-year-old boy fell ill, but had a mild form of the disease. When the baby recovered, the doctor applied the most severe form of the virus, but the baby had already acquired immunity and had not developed smallpox. The episode described in historical and scientific books is the first record of a vaccine use that we know of today. Two hundred and twenty-six years later, countless vaccines have been developed around the world, and more than 20 diseases can be prevented by vaccination. Vaccines have become highly reliable and have saved lives over the years, starting with polio and smallpox, which were eradicated from the country a few years ago, to Covid-19.

On National Immunization Day, the state Department of Health (SES) warns about the importance of vaccination for children, youth and adults. A study by SES Immunization Management shows that, despite the proven efficacy of immunization, many people fail to vaccinate themselves or to receive the dosage prescribed by the Ministry of Health’s National Immunization Program (PNI) for their children (MS).

– Vaccines are the most effective form of protection against serious diseases that can leave a permanent scar on a person’s life, such as polio and measles. Therefore, we create a warning for people to view posts to view their vaccine records or to update their vaccination schedule. We can prevent the return of many diseases and the death of many more. The population needs to be aware of the importance of immunization, says Health Secretary Alexandre Chippe.

The data revealed a large reduction in coverage of all vaccines in the children’s calendar. BCG, which prevents tuberculosis, declined sharply in 2021 Last year, only 68.74% of children in the state were vaccinated against the disease MMR, which protects against mumps, measles and rubella, is given in two doses, the first at 12 months. In 2020, coverage of the first dose of the vaccine was 79.58%, down from 73.09% in 2021. The second dose decreased from 62.83% in 2020 to 51.39% in 2021. About polio, in 2020, re-1 year old children in early stage, had a coverage of only 76.07% and the first booster dose did not exceed 68%. In 2021, the values ​​dropped to 69.46% and 59.36%, respectively.

Pentavalent, meningococcal C, pneumococcal X-valent and rotavirus vaccines were also reduced. The target proposed by PNI is to vaccinate 90% of the target audience for BCG and rotavirus vaccines and 95% for other vaccines in the national immunization schedule. No vaccine given in the children’s calendar has achieved the standard in the last five years.

For adolescents, quadruple HPV (human papillomavirus), dTpa (for pregnant adolescents, against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough), meningococcal ACWY (combined) and dT (diphtheria and tetanus) vaccines are available. Although the National Immunization Calendar predicts the age group for vaccination, it is important to strengthen that immunobiological availability is available in municipal immunization rooms so that immunization schedules can be completed at any age.

The vaccine against HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) is one of the major preventive agents applied to adolescents. Incorporated into the vaccination schedule in 2014, it protects against diseases caused by papilloma virus, such as genital warts, pre-cancerous lesions and cancer of the uterus and genitals. The coverage of this vaccine has been increasingly calculated since its introduction in SUS. For girls, the vaccine is given between the ages of 9 and 14. With an estimated population of approximately 900,835 young people, coverage is 54.76% for the first dose and 33.27% for the second. The rate of vaccination among boys aged 11 to 14 years, considering an estimated population of 544,732 persons. Of these, 22.45% coverage for the first dose and 14.02% for the second dose.
For adults, the Ministry of Health recommends maintaining an up-to-date vaccination schedule for the following vaccines: dT (double type – against diphtheria and tetanus), MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), hepatitis B and yellow fever.

Vaccines against pneumonia and flu are given to people 60 years of age or older. Each year, a national campaign against influenza is launched to vaccinate the public, who are most susceptible to the flu and are most susceptible to death. Despite the fact that this year’s campaign started more than two months ago, only 41% of adults wanted health centers to get immunizing agents. The campaign expects to vaccinate 90% of the total target audience, which corresponds to 6.7 million people.

Covid 19 – The vaccination campaign against Covid-19 began in January last year and since then more than 33 million doses have been administered in the state. As of this Wednesday (06.08), 12,713,449 people have completed the initial immunization schedule (first and second dose). The data matched 80% of the population 5 years of age or older. As a booster dose, 6,625,011 doses have been applied so far. Adolescents 12 to 17 years of age may already be taking the first booster dose (DR1), while immunosuppressed and health workers 50 years of age and older should take the second booster dose (DR2). The SES warns of the importance of the population in completing the vaccination schedule against Covid-19 in order to maintain a good immunity in the face of the emergence of new forms.

– What we’ve noticed in these two years of the Kovid-19 epidemic is that after vaccines were made and readily available, our hospital admissions, disease progression, and deaths have dropped dramatically. Be sure to go back to the health post to get vaccination strengthening. The vaccine is safe and helps save lives – in conclusion.

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