Queen Elizabeth II’s Birthday: What is the role of the king and who is in the royal family – 02/06/2022

After 70 years on the throne, Elizabeth II is the longest reigning king.

The UK now has a four-day holiday (June 2-5) as part of the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee celebrations.

In February, Elizabeth II became the longest reigning British monarch, and the first to complete 70 years on the throne.

The queen has been the head of state of the United Kingdom since 1952, when her father, King George VI, died. He is also the Head of State of the Commonwealth (British Commonwealth, which includes the former colonies) and 15 other countries (United Kingdom and 14 other countries).

What is the Queen’s Jubilee?

The Queen was born on April 21, 1926, but she celebrates two birthdays each year. The second is the day of official remembrance and is usually celebrated on the second Saturday in June.

This tradition was started by his great-grandfather Edward VII (who was born in November during the fall of the Northern Hemisphere), as a way to make sure the weather was right for a public celebration.

Jayanti marks a special anniversary during the reign of a king. Will this year be the Queen’s fourth birthday? She celebrated her Silver Jubilee in 1977, Gold in 2002 and Diamond in 2012.

A number of official events are planned throughout the year, but the main celebration will take place during a four-day holiday, including a special military ceremony and concert outside Buckingham Palace.

Thousands of street parties will be held across the country. Pubs, bars and nightclubs may also be open until 1am (local time).

As part of the opening jubilee celebrations, the Queen will be joined by her family members on June 2 on the porch of Buckingham Palace.

The palace has confirmed that Prince Harry and Prince Andrew will not be present as it will only be an event “for members of the royal family currently in official public ceremonies”.

When was the queen crowned and what happened during the coronation?

When a king dies, the heir immediately becomes king or queen. In which of these ceremonies is the king crowned? And the mourning for the previous sovereign takes place after a period of time.

Elizabeth II was crowned on June 2, 1953. His coronation was first televised live. More than 20 million people watched.

The core elements of the ceremony have rarely changed over hundreds of years. The coronation was performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Does the king bless with “holy oil”, get chambers and scepter? What is the royal symbol? And the centerpiece of the Crown Jewels is crowned St. Edward.

How many children and grandchildren does the queen have? And how does inheritance work?

The queen was married to her late husband, Prince Philip, who died in April 2021, for more than 73 years. They had four children, eight grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. Prince Charles is the firstborn, followed by Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.

The order of succession establishes that any member of the royal family assumes the office of king when an existing one dies or resigns. Successor first? Heir to the throne? The firstborn son of the king.

The royal inheritance was governed by rules hundreds of years ago. They were revised in 2013 so that boys would no longer be given priority over their older sisters.

Prince Charles is the heir to the Queen. His eldest son, Prince William, inherited the second and William’s eldest son, Prince George, the third.

As heir to the throne, Prince Charles would act as “regent” if his mother could no longer work due to illness. This means he will assume the role of king without officially taking office.

What does the queen do?

The queen is a constitutional king. This means that although he is the head of state, his power is symbolic and formal, and he remains politically neutral.

He receives daily official displays in a red leather box, such as instructions before important meetings or documents require his official signature.

There were 14 prime ministers in the United Kingdom during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II. The prime minister usually meets with the queen at Buckingham Palace on Wednesday to brief her on all official matters.

No special advisers attended the meeting and there is no official record of what was said. It’s completely private. It performs a number of parliamentary functions, such as:

Government appointments: The leader of the party that won the general election is invited to Buckingham Palace, where he is formally invited to form a new government. The queen formally dissolved a government before the general election;

Opening speech of Parliament: The Queen begins the parliamentary year with the inaugural ceremony of Parliament, during which time she sets the government’s political plans in a speech delivered from the throne in the House of Lords. Prince Charles spoke on behalf of the Queen in 2022;

Real consent: When a law is passed in Parliament, it must be officially passed by the Queen in order to become law. The last time, however, there was no royal consent was in 1708.

In addition, the Queen holds regular audiences with the Prime Minister and members of the Privy Council, welcomes visiting heads of state, and meets with foreign ambassadors and UK-based high commissioners. He led regular annual commemorations at the Cenotaph Memorial in central London, honoring those killed in battle.

The Queen is a royal patron or president of more than 600 charities, military organizations, professional organizations and public service organizations.

And who is part of the royal family?

– The Prince of Wales (Prince Charles) is the eldest son of the queen and will be king after her death. He is married to the Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla).

– The Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) is the eldest son of the Prince of Wales with his first wife Diana, Princess of Wales. She is married to the Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine or Kate) and has three children: Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis.

– The Princess Royal (Princess Annie) is the queen’s second daughter and only daughter. She is married to Vice Admiral Timothy Lawrence. And with her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips, she has two children: Peter Phillips and Zara Tyndale.

– Earl of Wessex (Prince Edward) is the youngest son of the Queen. He is married to Countess (Sophie Rice-Jones) of Wessex and has two children: Lewis and James Mountbatten-Windsor.

– Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) William’s younger brother. He is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Megan Merkel) and has two children: Archie and Lilibet. In 2020, they announced that they would resign as senior members of the royal family and move to the United States.

– Duke of York (Prince Andrew) second son of the Queen. He has two daughters, Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie, with his ex-wife, the Duchess of York (Sarah Ferguson). Prince Andrew resigned from his royal post in 2019 after a controversial interview with Newsnight alleging sexual harassment of Virginia Jeffrey. In February of this year, he paid an undisclosed amount to settle a sexual assault case brought against him in the United States.

Where do members of the royal family live?

The Queen’s official residence in London is Buckingham Palace. However, in March 2022, it was announced that Windsor Castle in Berkshire would become their permanent home.

The Queen’s other properties include Sandringham House in Norfolk and Balmoral Castle in Aberdeenshire.

Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall live in Clarence House, London and Highgrove, Gloucestershire.

Prince William and Katherine live in Kensington Palace, Duchess of Cambridge, London. Prince Harry and Megan Merkel currently live in California.

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