Queen Elizabeth II Dies: Who’s Who in the British Royal Family and What Does the King Do? the world
King Charles III succeeded his mom, Queen Elizabeth II, after her demise at Balmoral Castle at the age of 96.
The Queen celebrated her Platinum Jubilee earlier this 12 months, as she grew to become the longest-serving British monarch in workplace.
The second the Queen dies, the throne passes to her inheritor Charles, the former Prince of Wales.
Charles will likely be formally topped king in St Petersburg on Saturday. James, London, earlier than the official physique referred to as the Ascension Council.
The King is the head of state of the United Kingdom. However, his powers are symbolic and ceremonial, and he stays politically impartial.
He would obtain official dispatches day by day in a leather-based field, akin to info earlier than essential conferences, or paperwork requiring his signature.
The Prime Minister normally meets the King at Buckingham Palace on Wednesdays to transient him on authorities issues.
These conferences are utterly personal and there is no such thing as a official file of what was mentioned
The King additionally has a number of parliamentary obligations:
- Forming a authorities – The chief of the occasion that wins the basic election is normally known as to Buckingham Palace, the place he’s formally invited to type a authorities. The king formally dissolved the authorities earlier than the basic election;
- Opening Ceremony of Parliament and King’s Speech – The King begins the parliamentary 12 months with the Opening Ceremony of Parliament. In his Throne Speech delivered in the House of Lords, he set out his plan of presidency;
- Royal Assent – When laws is handed by Parliament, it wants formal assent by the King to change into legislation. The final time royal assent was refused was in 1708.
In addition, the King receives visiting heads of state and meets ambassadors and senior overseas officers posted in the UK. He normally leads the annual Remembrance Day service in November at the Cenotaph (battle memorial) in London (honoring the sacrifices of troopers and civilians in battle since the First World War).
The king can be head of the Commonwealth, an affiliation of 56 impartial nations that had been as soon as a part of the British Empire and are actually dwelling to 2.4 billion individuals. For these 14 nations, referred to as the Commonwealth Dominions, the monarch can be the head of state.
The Queen and then Prince Charles, in 2019, at the Opening of Parliament – Image: by way of Getty Images/BBC
However, as Barbados turns into a republic in 2021, quite a few different Commonwealth domains have indicated that they might do the identical.
King Charles III’s portrait will change his mom’s on royal stamps and Bank of England notes. The wording inside the British passport will likely be up to date to “Your Majesty” in the masculine type (in English, the expression has gender and will change from “His Majesty” to “His Majesty”).
And the a part of the nationwide anthem that claims “God Save the Queen” will likely be modified to “God Save the King”.
How does inheritance work?
The line of succession determines which member of the royal household will take over as king if the present one dies or abdicates. In the first line – the inheritor to the throne – the eldest daughter or son of the king.
As Queen Elizabeth’s eldest son, Charles grew to become King on his mom’s demise and his spouse Camilla grew to become Queen Consort.
Succession guidelines had been amended in 2013 in order that sons don’t take precedence over elder sisters.
Diagram exhibiting what inheritance seems like in the UK — Picture: BBC
King Charles is succeeded by his eldest son Prince William, who inherited the title Duke of Cornwall from his father. However, he doesn’t robotically change into Prince of Wales – one thing that must be granted by the King.
William’s eldest son Prince George is second in line to the throne and his eldest daughter Princess Charlotte is third.
What occurs throughout the coronation?
A coronation is the ceremony in which a king is formally topped. It is carried out after a interval of mourning for the former sovereign.
Elizabeth II grew to become Queen on 6 February 1952 when her father, King George VI, died, however was not topped till 2 June 1953.
His coronation was the first to be proven dwell on TV and watched by over 20 million individuals.
900 years in the past the coronation happened at Westminster Abbey – William the Conqueror was the first monarch to be topped there and Charles can be the fortieth. It is an Anglican spiritual service, performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
The king is anointed with “holy oil” and receives the orb and scepter, symbols of royalty. At the finish of the ceremony, the archbishop will crown St. Edward – The crown on Charles’s head is fabricated from gold and has remained the identical since 1661.
Queen Elizabeth was the thirty ninth monarch to be topped at Westminster Abbey (Image: by way of PA Media/BBC)
The crown is one among the essential crown jewels of the Tower of London, and is just worn by the monarch throughout coronations.
Unlike a royal marriage ceremony, a coronation is a state occasion – the authorities pays for the occasion and chooses the visitor record.
Who else is a part of the royal household?
Members of the royal household have a good time Queen Elizabeth’s birthday in 2019 — Image: by way of PA Media/BBC
- The Duke of Cornwall and Cambridge (Prince William) is the eldest son of King Charles and his first spouse Diana, Princess of Wales. He is married to the Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge (Katherine Middleton). They have three kids: Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis.
- The Princess Royal (Princess Anne) is the Queen’s second little one and solely daughter. She is married to Vice Admiral Timothy Lawrence. She has two kids along with her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips: Peter Phillips and Zara Tyndall.
- The Earl of Wessex (Prince Edward) is the Queen’s youngest son. He is married to the Countess of Wessex (Sophie Rhys-Jones). They have two kids: Louise and James Mountbatten-Windsor.
- The Duke of York (Prince Andrew) is the Queen’s third little one and second son. He has two daughters together with his ex-wife, the Duchess of York (Sarah Ferguson): Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Prince Andrew stepped down from his royal duties in 2019 after giving a controversial interview accusing Virginia Geoffrey of sexually assaulting him. In February 2022, he paid an undisclosed quantity to settle a younger girl’s sexual harassment lawsuit filed in opposition to him in the United States.
- The Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) is William’s youthful brother. He is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Meghan Markle). They have two kids: Archie and Lilibet Diana. In 2020, they introduced that they had been stepping down from royal duties and shifting to the United States.
Where do the members of the royal household dwell?
King Charles and the Queen Consort transfer into Buckingham Palace. They beforehand lived at Clarence House in London and Highgrove House in Gloucestershire.
Prince William and the Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge lately moved from Kensington Palace in East London to Adelaide Cottage in the Royal Estate of Windsor.
Princesses George and Louis and Princess Charlotte stroll hand in hand with their mother and father, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge, on the first day of college.
Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis attended Lambbrook School close to Ascot in Berkshire.
Prince Harry and the Duchess of Sussex dwell in California, USA.
What do the British take into consideration the monarchy?
A ballot by pollster YouGov throughout Elizabeth II’s platinum jubilee in July steered that 62% of Britons suppose the nation ought to retain the monarchy. About 22% mentioned the nation ought to have an elected head of state.
The outcomes recommend that there was a decline in approval of the monarchy over the previous decade: in 2012, approval was 75%.
While there may be majority assist for the monarchy amongst older individuals, approval scores fall amongst youthful individuals.
In 2011, when YouGov started researching the situation, 59% of 18-24 12 months olds thought the monarchy ought to proceed. In 2022, the variety of younger individuals with this view has elevated to 33%.
Two Ipsos Mori polls from 2021 gave comparable outcomes, with one in 5 Britons believing that abolishing the monarchy can be good for the UK.