Queen Elizabeth II dies: Who’s who in the British royal family and what does the king do – 09/09/2022
King Charles III succeeded Queen Elizabeth II at Balmoral Castle after her dying. What will the King, the former Prince of Wales, do in his new function?
King Charles III succeeded his mom Queen Elizabeth II at Balmoral Castle after her dying at the age of 96.
The Queen celebrated her Platinum Jubilee earlier this 12 months, as she turned the longest-serving British monarch in workplace.
What is going on now?
The second the Queen dies, the throne passes to her inheritor Charles, the former Prince of Wales.
Charles will probably be formally topped king in St Petersburg on Saturday. James, London, earlier than the official physique often called the Ascension Council.
What does the king do?
The King is the head of state of the United Kingdom. However, his powers are symbolic and ceremonial, and he stays politically impartial.
He would obtain official dispatches every day in a leather-based field, corresponding to data earlier than necessary conferences, or paperwork requiring his signature.
The Prime Minister normally meets the King at Buckingham Palace on Wednesdays to transient him on authorities issues.
These conferences are fully personal and there is no such thing as a official report of what was stated
The King additionally has a number of parliamentary obligations:
- Forming a authorities – The chief of the occasion that wins the normal election is normally referred to as to Buckingham Palace, the place he’s formally invited to type a authorities. The king formally dissolved the authorities earlier than the normal election;
- Opening Ceremony of Parliament and King’s Speech – The King begins the parliamentary 12 months with the Opening Ceremony of Parliament. In his Throne Speech delivered in the House of Lords, he set out his plan of presidency;
- Royal Assent – When laws is handed by Parliament, it wants formal assent by the King to grow to be regulation. The final time royal assent was refused was in 1708.
In addition, the King receives visiting heads of state and meets ambassadors and senior international officers posted in the UK. He normally leads the annual Remembrance Day service in November at the Cenotaph (struggle memorial) in London (honoring the sacrifices of troopers and civilians in struggle since the First World War).
The king can also be head of the Commonwealth, an affiliation of 56 impartial international locations that had been as soon as a part of the British Empire and are actually house to 2.4 billion individuals. For these 14 international locations, often called the Commonwealth Dominions, the monarch can also be the head of state.
However, as Barbados turns into a republic in 2021, plenty of different Commonwealth domains have indicated that they could do the similar.
King Charles III’s portrait will substitute his mom’s on royal stamps and Bank of England notes. The wording inside the British passport will probably be up to date to “Your Majesty” in the masculine type (in English, the expression has gender and will change from “His Majesty” to “His Majesty”).
And the a part of the nationwide anthem that claims “God Save the Queen” will probably be modified to “God Save the King”.
How does inheritance work?
The line of succession determines which member of the royal family will take over as king if the present one dies or abdicates. In the first line – the inheritor to the throne – the eldest daughter or son of the king.
As Queen Elizabeth’s eldest son, Charles turned King on his mom’s dying and his spouse Camilla turned Queen Consort.
Succession guidelines had been amended in 2013 in order that sons do not take precedence over elder sisters.
King Charles is succeeded by his eldest son Prince William, who inherited the title Duke of Cornwall from his father. However, he does not robotically grow to be Prince of Wales – one thing that must be granted by the King.
William’s eldest son Prince George is second in line to the throne and his eldest daughter Princess Charlotte is third.
What occurs throughout the coronation?
A coronation is the ceremony in which a king is formally topped. It is carried out after a interval of mourning for the former sovereign.
Elizabeth II turned Queen on 6 February 1952 when her father, King George VI, died, however was not topped till 2 June 1953.
His coronation was the first to be proven dwell on TV and watched by over 20 million individuals.
900 years in the past the coronation passed off at Westminster Abbey – William the Conqueror was the first monarch to be topped there and Charles could be the fortieth. It is an Anglican spiritual service, carried out by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
The king is anointed with “holy oil” and receives the orb and scepter, symbols of royalty. At the finish of the ceremony, the archbishop will crown St. Edward – The crown on Charles’s head is made from gold and has remained the similar since 1661.
The crown is one in all the primary crown jewels of the Tower of London, and is barely worn by the monarch throughout coronations.
Unlike a royal marriage ceremony, a coronation is a state occasion – the authorities pays for the occasion and chooses the visitor checklist.
Who else is a part of the royal family?
- Duke of Cornwall and Cambridge (Prince William) eldest son of King Charles and his first spouse, Diana, Princess of Wales. He received married with Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge (Katherine Middleton). They have three kids: Prince George, The Princess Charlotte it’s Prince Louis.
- The royal princess (Princess Anne) is the Queen’s second little one and solely daughter. She is married to Vice Admiral Timothy Lawrence. She has two kids together with her first husband, Captain Mark Phillips: peter Phillips and Zara Tindall.
- And Earl of Wessex (Prince Edward) is the Queen’s youngest son. Married to him Countess of Wessex (Sophie Rhys-Jones). They have two kids: Louise and James Mountbatten-Windsor.
- And Duke of York (Prince Andrew) is the Queen’s third little one and second son. He has two daughters along with his ex-spouse, Duchess of York (Sarah Ferguson): Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Prince Andrew stepped down from his royal duties in 2019 after giving a controversial interview accusing Virginia Geoffrey of sexually assaulting him. In February 2022, he paid an undisclosed quantity to settle a younger lady’s sexual harassment lawsuit filed towards him in the United States.
- And Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) William’s youthful brother. He received married with Duchess of Sussex (Meghan Markle). They have two kids: Archie and Lilibet Diana. In 2020, they introduced that they had been stepping down from royal duties and transferring to the United States.
Where do the members of the royal family dwell?
King Charles and the Queen Consort transfer into Buckingham Palace. They beforehand lived at Clarence House in London and Highgrove House in Gloucestershire.
Prince William and the Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge lately moved from Kensington Palace in East London to Adelaide Cottage in the Royal Estate of Windsor.
Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis attend Lambbrook School close to Ascot in Berkshire.
Prince Harry and the Duchess of Sussex dwell in California, USA.
What do the British take into consideration the monarchy?
A ballot by pollster YouGov throughout Elizabeth II’s platinum jubilee in July prompt that 62% of Britons assume the nation ought to retain the monarchy. About 22% stated the nation ought to have an elected head of state.
The outcomes counsel that there was a decline in approval of the monarchy over the previous decade: in 2012, approval was 75%.
While there’s majority help for the monarchy amongst older individuals, approval rankings fall amongst youthful individuals.
In 2011, when YouGov started researching the concern, 59% of 18-24 12 months olds thought the monarchy ought to proceed. In 2022, the variety of younger individuals with this view has elevated to 33%.
Two Ipsos Mori polls from 2021 gave related outcomes, with one in 5 Britons believing that abolishing the monarchy could be good for the UK.