In a survey conducted by the Brazilian Public Security Forum (FBSP) in partnership with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), from 2017 to 2020, Brazil counted 180,000 children and adolescents victims of sexual violence. 45,000 per year on average.
In the first three months of the year alone, 274 children and adolescents were sexually assaulted, according to the state’s Department of Public Safety (Sesp) in Espirito Santo. On an average, three cases are being checked every day.
In the last four years, more than 5,753 cases have been registered, of which 64% referred to rape of a vulnerable person.
Experts say that in many cases, the victim and the attacker are from the same family group, and this ultimately creates a duality in the victim’s mind, especially in children and adolescents.
Because of this portrayal of the number of children and adolescents whose rights have been violated and their dignity has been violated, there are organizations that welcome, listen and guide the community, e.g. Kawka It is Secret.
Caoca – Care and Guidance House for Children and Adolescents
House of Care and Guidance for Children and Adolescents (Kawka) Is a service for coexistence and bond strengthening, defined in the Basic Operational Rules of the Unified Social Assistance System (KNOB / SWAS).
Caoca is headquartered in the vicinity of Maria Ortiz VictoryAccepting municipalities from the whole of Greater Goabeiras (Maria Ortiz, Park Residential Maria Ortiz, Solan Borges, Byro Republica, Goiabeiras Velha, Antonio Honorio, Moro da Boa Vista, Jabor and Seguranca do Lre).
The project offers other activities to 208 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17, their families and the community in general. Also provides psychological and social care for the entire population.
The service is provided during school hours, offering a variety of workshops, such as Arts, Theater, Body Expressions, Capoeira, Macaulay and socio-educational workshops that work on themes. Contemporary.
Caoca’s coordinator spoke with Vitória Façanha Victory sheet And said that one of the biggest challenges is identifying vulnerabilities and analyzing rights violations.
“Sometimes parents or guardians have already gone through the same violations in childhood, and have to do a long and detailed work until they realize that some” common “situation in their eyes violates the rights of children and adolescents; It takes time, patience and skill to get acquainted (gain, obtain) with each other, to get acquainted (gain, obtain) with each other.Example
Secri – Community Engagement Service
Community Engagement Services (Secret) Is a non-profit civil society organization (CSO), operating in the Sওo Benedito neighborhood of Vitoria for over 30 years, as well as serving neighboring communities.
Secri has the integration of family and community, build-up that involves all the characters Development Personal and educational services for service users. Currently, the organization serves 280 children, youth and their family groups.
The organization accepts children, adolescents and young people Social vulnerabilityFor educational and cultural projects, after school hours, promoting activities through literature, art, body and movement, musical instruments, choral singing, percussion and life projects.
In addition to social support, which seeks to guide and direct families to the municipality’s social support network Victory, Enables access to public policy. And work that expands young people’s opportunities for personal, professional and family development, through professional qualification courses.
Algeriens Boaventura Dias, the general coordinator of Sekri, said that the largest Challenge Serving the public is related to institutional financial sustainability, which often hinders the public from implementing projects for long periods of time. Since the organization’s projects usually last 12 months.
“All of Sekri’s actions seek to prevent a situation of daily violence by all those who help. Violence is present in their daily lives, in its various forms, especially in relation to the infrastructure of the community in which they live, and the difficulty of accessing public policies. The family is always involved with the municipality’s social support network in receiving, caring for and referring them. “Said the coordinator.
How victims can seek help and what organizations can do to help them:
How can organizations help identify victims of violence?
Kawka: Victims of violence, in most cases, present: sudden behavioral changes, sudden mood swings, sadness, depression, physical signs, aggression, anxiety and lack of confidence in others.
Secret: Actions are always helpful and try to improve the main character, participation and autonomy of their family. The victims of the violence have been clearly identified not only through the activities of Sekri, but also through the social support network, which seeks to accompany the whole family through various services.
In the case of children, sometimes they do not talk about what is happening, but show up with the symptoms. What are the most common ones to be aware of for the family?
Kawka: Symptoms of violence in children include constant physical changes, clothing that covers or conceals the whole body, scars all over the body, sudden changes in behavior and mood, aggression, depression and anxiety.
Digestive system changes are also common, such as diarrhea and vomiting, dark circles and insomnia, if space is shared with the invader.
Secret: It is important that every family knows their children or adolescents well, knows their tastes, feelings and, above all, knows how to identify their needs through their behavior.
Violence is often suspected in behavioral changes. Each person responds differently, the important thing is to always have conversations with children and adolescents.
In many cases, isolation, constant crying, without any apparent reason, fear or refusal to be with someone occurs. In the most extreme cases, self-separation can occur, which can be exacerbated by suicide attempts, even if the victim is a child.
When it comes to detecting violence, what should families do? Who to look for? Who can guide?
In any case of violation of the rights of children and adolescents, one must look for organizations that protect and guarantee the rights of children and adolescents, such as parent councils, where there are qualified professionals who will manage and intervene in the situation. Always want to save prey.
Another medium is dial 100. Once identified, the violence is sent to a social support network to monitor the situation.
* Texts by Anna Pala Brito, under the supervision of an intern at Folha Vitoria