Children

Periods increase the risk of accidents with children and adolescents Sao Goncalo


Pediatrician María Marta Moncao, coordinator of the pediatric ward at HEAT, spoke about the major risk of accidents.disclosure

Published on 29/07/2022 09:49

Childhood accidents are one of the main causes of loss of life amongst children and adolescents aged one to 14 in the nation. Accidents like drowning, suffocation, burns, falls increase throughout faculty holidays. Young children are extra weak to those dangers, primarily as a result of they spend most of their time indoors or at leisure. Therefore, the State Department of Health (SES) warns these accountable: surveillance should be fixed.

-Parental care should be redoubled particularly presently of 12 months. At dwelling, examine window and balcony screens, open retailers, swimming swimming pools with out covers and drugs, cleansing provides inside attain of children, and toxic crops. Depending on the age, it’s also essential that the baby is at all times supervised by an grownup. In playgrounds and leisure areas, it’s obligatory to concentrate to the storage of toys, play areas and car circulation circumstances – spotlight pediatrician María Marta Moncao, of the Alberto Torres State Hospital, one of the major emergencies of the state community. of well being

A survey by the Under Secretary of Surveillance and Primary Health Care (SUBVAPS) reveals that the main causes of childhood accidents are drowning, burns and unintentional intoxication. In 2021 alone, there have been 411 hospitalizations for unintentional drowning and submersion, 84 for smoke or fireplace publicity, and 45 for unintentional intoxication.

Analysis reveals that the major trigger of accidents amongst 0-4 12 months olds is contact with warmth sources or sizzling objects, equivalent to iron, sizzling water, pans, and so forth. Between 2015 and 2022, 735 individuals on this age group have been hospitalized for such accidents. Poisoning or unintentional intoxication from publicity to dangerous substances ranked second, with 190 stories, adopted by publicity to smoke, fireplace and flame, with 152 circumstances. 106 notifications of unintentional drownings and drownings have been recorded.

Among 5- to 9-year-olds, contact with warmth sources or sizzling objects can be a number one trigger of accidents. In the final seven years, 162 hospitalizations of this nature have been recorded. During the identical interval, there have been 144 circumstances of publicity to smoke, fireplace and flames and 80 circumstances of publicity to toxic animals and crops. Accidental drownings and drownings ranked fourth, with 45 reported.

Among 10- to 14-year-olds, the risk of accidents is halved. Between 2021 and 2022, 344 individuals have been hospitalized resulting from accidents on this age group. Exposure to smoke, fireplace and flames is the major trigger on this inhabitants with 98 data; Followed by contact with a warmth supply or sizzling substance, 80 circumstances; and contact toxic animals and crops, with 71 notices.

Pediatrician María Marta Moncao, coordinator of HEAT’s pediatric ward, talks about the major dangers and varieties of take care of accidents involving children and adolescents.

What are the major causes of accidents amongst children aged 0 to 4 years?
In younger children, bottles, bathtub water and sunburn are extra widespread. Always examine the water temperature earlier than bathing the child. Sun publicity must be solely earlier than 10 am and after 3 pm. If burned, wash the affected space with cool working water, don’t apply any chemical substances, and take the baby to a physician for analysis.

Is this a quite common mishap with sizzling pans and home equipment?
Ha. Children aged 1 to six years are most uncovered to this sort of burn. They can pull pots from the range. Therefore, it is vital that the handles of the pans at all times face the inside of the oven. Children additionally love to tug strings. Therefore, take note of toasters, espresso makers and different home equipment, which should be at a top past the attain of children.

How to proceed in case of habit with cleansing supplies, crops or medication?
This product ought to at all times be out of attain of children. But, even when these merchandise are consumed with nice care, the baby must be taken to the well being service instantly. Be positive to take the packaging of the meals product in order that the physician can analyze with the poison heart what substance it’s and what antidote to make use of.

And in phrases of consuming small objects?
Young children put every thing of their mouths and thus, they might ingest small objects and choke. Adults ought to bear in mind to not maintain pacifiers, buttons, toy components, cash and different small objects close to children. Also, don’t give popcorn, sweet and chewing gum to younger children. In case of respiratory misery, the baby must be taken to healthcare instantly.

Are electrical shocks harmful for children and youngsters?
Ha. In this case, the very first thing to do is to show off the major swap, launch the baby from the restraints and take him to the physician instantly.

Apart from these talked about, are there different recurring causes of accidents with children and youngsters?
We have seen many accidents involving animals. It is smart for folks and guardians to show children to not pet unusual animals, or provoke or assault any animal. In addition, it is vital that there’s an animal in the home that the baby learns that he mustn’t wake the sleeping animal or strategy it throughout feeding. In case of animal chunk or damage, know if the animal has been vaccinated, wash the wound with water solely and search medical consideration as quickly as doable.

There are many accident dangers that children and youngsters are uncovered to, however basically, what are the major suggestions for folks and guardians?
_ The most essential factor is that oldsters and guardians pay further consideration, particularly this vacation season. In the occasion of an accident, search fast assist.

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