Children

More than 10% of children under 5 are overweight SEGS

Warning for the medical community and the Brazilian family: Being overweight in childhood is already a reality in Brazil. In a study published by the Ministry of Health in 2021, it is estimated that 6.4 million children are overweight and 3.1 million are already obese. And the curve continues to grow: Recent research by the World Health Organization supports the alarming situation of childhood obesity, estimating that the number of obese children on the planet will reach 75 million by 2025.

In honor of Childhood Morbid Obesity Awareness Day, celebrated on June 3, experts from Jasmine Elementos highlight the importance of nutrition education for children, from the moment of introduction of food to adulthood.

Healthy eating begins during pregnancy

The formation of full health in the baby begins at the moment of preconception. Nutrition provided by the placenta is a key determinant of fetal growth. The Brazilian Association of Neutrology (Asbran) confirms the importance of maternal nutrition for the health of future generations, confirming that nutritional factors can affect male and female germ cells before conception, altering fetal development.

As a result, endocrine metabolic programming is extremely important, as epidemiological studies point to an eight-fold increase in the risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes in children exposed to a malnutrition-related endocrine environment. It is also important to remember that breastfeeding after birth is essential for the integral nutrition of the baby, it is essential to prevent and reduce the risk of obesity.

Nutrition at different stages of life

Prenatal stage – from conception to birth

The 1,000 days between pregnancy and infancy are considered important times for the growth and development of the baby, where it is possible to adopt habits and attitudes that will affect future health. In the gestational environment and in the first years of life, the baby has a great influence on their neuropsychomotor development.

A balanced diet during pregnancy, pregnancy and lactation includes foods rich in phytoactives, vitamins and minerals. At all times of life, it is essential to eat fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lemons and seeds to provide a variety of health benefits. “Oats, flaxseed, goji berries, brown rice, frozen-dried fruits – which are dried and crispy – are ideal to include in the menu during pregnancy and lactation,” explains Jasmine Elementos, a nutritionist and consultant. Adriana Janardo.

Also, chia seeds and flaxseed are two sources of omega-3, an essential nutrient in the diet of pregnant and lactating women, as it acts on the neurodevelopment of the baby and has anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, its inclusion in the menu is considered a protective factor in the risk of childhood obesity.

Early childhood – 3 years from birth

After birth, exclusive breastfeeding is recommended until the baby is 6 months old, without the need for any complementary foods. After this period, the process of food intake is recommended, which is an important physiological milestone in the life of the child, capable of providing adequate amounts and quality of nutrients to ensure healthy growth and development.

The World Health Organization recommends starting the process of introducing food with purees made from vegetables and fruits and gradually increasing the consistency until the child reaches 12 months of age. In this way, the brain’s ability to move and swallow is respected. “After this time, it is advisable to include other foods in the form of whole grains, oatmeal, porridge and smoothies with more consistency until the child is able to chew more solid foods. The norm is to avoid contact with foods rich in sugar and white flour until the age of 2 “, the nutritionist added.

Next year: second childhood (3 to 6 years old), third childhood (6 to 12 years old) and adolescence (12 to 20 years old)

A diet consisting of natural, whole foods, rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, phytoactives, complex carbohydrates, proteins and healthy fats (mono and polyunsaturated) should be the basis of children’s daily routine, and this control by parents is essential. These habits are followed with the encouragement of the family.

How to increase your child’s food supply

One of the main guidelines of the medical community is to offer all foods at meal time, thus ensuring taste stimulation for different tastes and textures. An interesting tip is to decorate the baby’s dish with food coloring to increase the child’s attention to the food.

Family influences are essential in developing eating habits. “No matter what the child eats, their obedience will be greater if the parents take the same food with them. It’s a way to show the baby that it’s healthy and good for their health, “explains Adriana.

“In addition to the variety of foods to stimulate the palate, it is important to remember that the food needs to be tasty and inviting, especially for the baby. Health and taste must go hand in hand. It is very practical to include whole grain snacks, prepared smoothies, crunchy dehydrated berries in daily life, so that the baby can get a good taste of food. You do not want to be frustrated if you cannot get the right pitch so invest in a good capo.

About Jasmine Elementos

Jasmine Elementos is a reference company for healthy foods. With products classified as organic, zero sugar, whole grains and gluten free, the brand’s goal is to reach out to the public in search of truly healthy, practical and delicious food. Jasmine’s operation began 30 years ago in Paran in an artisan manner. Jasmine has gathered all over Brazil and is expanding its activities in Latin America. Since 2014, the brand has been part of the French group Nutrition et Santé, the owner of other leading brands in the European healthcare sector.

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