Lula’s world see
It can be some time Lula left energy It was in 2010 when Apple launched the primary iPad and Epic avatar By taking on the cinema screens and the field workplace. On James Cameron’s moon Pandora, the native humanoids communicate the Na’vi language, a man-made language created by researcher Paul Fromer for the movie. They mentioned “Taswal” in reference to royal energy. Sometimes they add: “Skxawng rä’ä lu!” In Portuguese: “Don’t be silly!”
Lula is again, however the world is completely different. Presidents not have as a lot energy — “taswal” in navel — as they did a dozen years in the past. Congress restricted the federal government’s skill to perform and exert affect. The federal Supreme Court has superior, imposing its interpretation of the Constitution on the legislative and govt majorities, usually overruling the legal guidelines of these elected and ratified by the vote.
Evidence of this new interval is within the finances area. When the metallurgist Lula led a strike in São Paulo’s ABC area in 1979, the burden of a minister in Brasilia may very well be measured by his affect on federal income and spending.
With Delfime Neto underneath General Joao Figueiredo, there was no scarcity of cash for agriculture. After 5 months within the ministry, he reversed course and got here to an finish with the plan, the place scissors had been synonymous with energy.
One day an adviser advised him that his successor within the ministry, Angelo Amauri, was not accepting the cuts established within the Stabile finances. He insisted on getting the additional billion that Delphim had assured whereas he was in agriculture.
“Angelo has gone mad!” Dolphin replied. “We’re working an enormous deficit. Can lower, can lower.
But, Minister, you see, you’re the one who made the finances and he’s your successor.
– Don’t fear about it. I’ve already spoken to each. Predecessors and successors have already modified their minds.
“I had a fantastic monologue with them…
Lula moved from union life to politics within the Eighties, on high of a mandate as a constitutional federal deputy. The 1988 constitution, which was reluctant to signal, gave the legislature the important thing to manage the finances, a main constitutional perform in a democracy.
“The presidency has misplaced energy, and the opposition should management the chamber and the senate”
Congress went right into a trance.
– finish of debates and speeches; Now it may be a protected one,” mentioned Constituent Assembly chief Ulysses Guimarães in a dialog with then-young deputy Heraclito Fortes.
The first scandal didn’t take lengthy. Four dozen lawmakers had been caught in shady dealings with federal funds. A CPI was opened, and the plenary turned six heads.
Lula arrived on the Planalto Palace within the following decade with an expressive bench (129 of the 513 deputies within the plenary), however inadequate to move his reform mission within the chamber. Thus, the “largest parliamentary basis within the West” was born, financed outdoors the finances, with cash from authorities suppliers. Political prices had been exponential in month-to-month allowances and petrolão: 107 had been convicted, amongst them Lula, imprisoned for 580 days.
At that point, it was widespread for parliamentarians to attend in line for guests within the ministry. This spring, ministers are chasing celebration leaders to safe the funding they should function.
The altering panorama of energy is one results of Congress’s most up-to-date advances in directing 1 / 4 of the federal government’s sources to bureaucratic machines and investments.
Jair Bolsonaro has agreed handy over a part of this cash (about 19 billion reais per yr). On the opposite hand, he confirmed the “forgetfulness” of the candidacy for re-election and a couple of hundred and fifty impeachment requests in a drawer of the presidency of the chamber. This secret, or parallel, finances assured the re-election of six out of ten deputies from the Liberal, Progressive and Republican events, locomotives of the centro.
Lula marveled on the frontier of command on this new world, Pandora in Brasilia. They are remaining. One imagines that Congress will withdraw its autonomy over the finances, in addition to hand again key positions to central regulatory businesses and state-owned firms.
The sport can be robust. Lula is more likely to get via half a time period with the opposition answerable for the chamber, with Arthur Lira’s PP and the Senate, with Valdemar Costa Neto’s PL, who warned: “They must compose with us, in any other case… a number of commissions, there is not going to be full work… it It can be hell”.
Lucky for Lula, many in Congress do not know the which means of the phrase “opposition.” They would relatively endure than avoid energy.
The writings of the columnists don’t essentially replicate the views of VEJA
Published in VEJA, Issue 2815 of November 16, 2022