Children

Learn how to recognize the symptoms of depression in children and adolescents and how to seek help. Seal mine

According to the Ministry of Health, the third leading cause of death among young Brazilians between the ages of 15 and 24 is intentional self-harm, with 2,420 deaths in 2020.

In the first place for this age group, aggression occurred, killing 16,331 people, followed by transport accidents killing 6,450 people.

To better understand what is behind such alarming statistics, g1 speaks to Antonio Alvim Suarez, a psychiatrist and coordinator of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Brazilian Association of Psychiatry (ABP), who explains that self-mutilation has been recorded. The sad ranking of the Ministry of Health may be one of the symptoms of depression among young people.

Then he also spoke How depression manifests itself in children and adolescents And provide guidance to parents.

For Antonio Alvim Suarez, depression manifests itself according to age.

“The first thing we need to pay attention to is that depression varies greatly with age. An 8- to 10-year-old child, for example, as a teenager, at the age of 14, does not clearly express the grief he or she is feeling. It is more obvious to notice the symptoms, “he said.

  • Behavior change

The psychiatrist said that the first symptom that needs to be noticed by those responsible is Behavior change. A child that was happy and suddenly isolated itself, stays more in the sleeping room, represents a warning.

“Loss of pleasure, for example: she likes to play, eat ice cream, go out with friends or parents and now she doesn’t like it anymore, she wants to sleep, she wants to be more alone, she wants to be sad at home. Annoyance and sleep disturbances. That’s something parents need to be aware of. ”

Soares warned of the importance of observation What children access on social media.

“You need to know what the child or teenager is posting on the internet, what the tone of the subtitles is, if they are depressed, if they search for celebrities who took their lives, all of which already indicate that something could be wrong. The age was already getting worse, but there was a significant increase with the epidemic and it is still noticeable on their social networks, “he explained.

According to experts, look at the main symptoms:

  • Behavior change
  • Annoyance
  • Excessive sleep
  • Discouragement
  • Loss of the joy of having fun

Psychiatrist Antonio Alvim talks about the symptoms of depression in children and adolescents. – Photo: Personal Archive

Experts have advised the responsible people in this regard Seek medical help as soon as your child notices symptoms.

“First we need to dispel the prejudice that children and adolescents are not depressed. They are depressed and it is not ‘lack of spanking’, but ‘attention’ – it is a disease. To understand this, it is necessary to seek medical help as soon as possible.” “, He explained.

Finding a child psychiatrist is not easy – neither on public networks nor on private health networks.

“There are a few specialized professionals, but there is no alternative but therapy and sometimes medication. Treatment can last from one and a half to two years,” Suarez said.

The Ministry of Health states that people in need of certain mental health treatments and care can get help through the Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS), Continuously and for free, through the Public Health Network.

In a note, MS explained that the reception of these individuals and their families “if and when needed, in each case, a basic care strategy for identifying care needs, relieving suffering and planning medication and therapeutic interventions. The Public Health Network is an integral and free way to assist individuals in the event of any service crisis in the psychosocial care network formed by different units for different purposes. ”

“The main services are provided at the existing Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS) in the country, where the user receives close care with the family, including multiple professional support and therapeutic care, depending on the health status of each patient. And / or ongoing care.

The Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS) is made up of the following:

  • Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS) – Units that provide open and community-based health care, consisting of a multidisciplinary team that operates from an interdisciplinary perspective and primarily cares for people with mental illness or disorder, including regional needs, including needs arising from alcohol and other drug use. , Whether in crisis situations or in the process of psychosocial rehabilitation. These are alternatives to the asylum model, i.e. where patients should live (shelter)
  • Versatile Mental Health Outpatient Clinic – Outpatient Clinics in the Multiprofessional Mental Health Outpatient Department are services consisting of psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists, speech therapists, nurses and other professionals who treat patients with mental illness. These services must provide integrated and multi-professional care through counseling

Check out health ministry tips for up-to-date mental health:

  • Never isolate yourself
  • See a doctor regularly
  • Get proper therapeutic treatment
  • Keep physically and mentally active
  • Practice physical activity
  • Eat healthy food
  • Strengthen the bonds of family and friendship

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