Lack of physical activity causes high blood pressure in children – 09/05/2022 – Balance
According to a research revealed by specialists from the European Society of Cardiology, lack of physical activity, high adherence to high salt and sugary meals and extra weight are liable for high blood pressure in 9 out of 10 children and adolescents. European Heart Journal.
The doc, launched on the finish of July, presents information on youth ages 6 to 16 and recommends altering habits so households keep wholesome collectively. According to the authors, mother and father are essential and basic brokers for this variation.
The article additionally states that high blood pressure and weight problems in children have gotten more and more frequent – particularly belly weight problems, essentially the most harmful for coronary heart illness.
“Today, any baby or teenager goes to the varsity canteen and buys what they need. This clearly permits them to decide on extra tasty meals, which is quick meals. Obesity ranges are exploding. As a end result, blood pressure ranges are additionally growing”, warns Gustavo Foranda. , pediatric heart specialist at Israelita Albert Einstein Hospital.
According to specialists, it is very important diagnose childhood high blood pressure early in order that it may be managed by way of life adjustments alone with out the necessity for medicine. Since it’s an asymptomatic and silent downside, it is strongly recommended to have the kid’s blood pressure evaluated no less than every year beneath the recommendation of a pediatrician.
Ideal blood pressure ranges usually are not the identical as for adults – ranges are established for every age group primarily based on the kid’s physique floor space and arm circumference. To get the appropriate worth, you have to measure accurately.
“There is a desk to find out the suitable pressure degree for every second of life. Ideally, the physician or pediatrician ought to measure the kid’s pressure in common consultations. We know that this isn’t an everyday follow, however more and more they’re changing into conscious of this. Need”, Foranda stated
According to cardiologists, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that each one children start measuring their blood pressure beginning at age 3.
Changes in way of life
If there’s a suspicion that way of life is the principle trigger of high blood pressure, altering habits is the primary guideline. It includes not solely the kid, however the entire household, as high blood pressure and weight problems typically coexist in the identical household.
“There’s no level in attempting to vary a baby’s habits in isolation. In common, when you could have a sedentary, overweight or hypertensive baby, it is normally a mirrored image of the household. If you do not deal with the household as an entire, the kid may be very unlikely to adjust to the adjustments.” , stated Foranda
Dietary suggestions included in the research revealed by the European Society of Cardiology embody: emphasizing a eating regimen wealthy in contemporary greens, fruit and fiber-wealthy meals; Limit salt consumption; And keep away from consuming sugar and saturated fats.
In addition, scientists spotlight the significance of no less than one hour a day of reasonable to vigorous physical activity (corresponding to biking, swimming, or operating) and never spending greater than a strenuous hour in sedentary actions (corresponding to watching TV, enjoying video games). video video games or be on tablets and cell telephones).
The doc additionally means that real looking objectives needs to be established for weight reduction, eating regimen and physical activity, at all times focusing efforts on areas that want additional enchancment.
Physician consensus additionally means that progress in weight reduction, enchancment in dietary habits, and evolution of physical activity needs to be recorded to observe progress.
“The main problem in treating childhood hypertension is that we have to deal with weight problems and chubby collectively. Hypertension is a silent illness that causes no obvious hurt. Treatment requires way of life adjustments for the entire household. It takes time. And we frequently have fast solutions. No”, the heart specialist concluded.