Ten months after the start of vaccination against Covid-19 in Brazil under the age of 18, no children or adolescents have died as a result of the adverse effects of the vaccine. The information appeared in a special epidemic bulletin from the health ministry, which investigated 38 deaths reported by states and municipalities and denied that they were caused by the vaccine.
Vaccination of adolescents was approved by ANVISA (National Health Surveillance Agency) on June 11, 2021, which released the Pfizer vaccine for 12 to 17 year olds. The vaccine for children between the ages of 5 and 11 was released in December last year.
According to documents released on Tuesday (26), from the start of vaccination to March 12, the ministry has received notifications of 3,463 cases of adverse effects under the age of 18. Of these, 419 (or 12.1% of the total) were serious and 38 died, according to the municipal and state epidemiological surveillance classification.
The case analysis was based on the e-SUS Notifica information system, which has a module for municipal and state epidemiological surveillance to report adverse events. Based on this information, all deaths are investigated to prove or disprove that the vaccine is linked to the cause of death.
According to the investigation, the average age of deaths reported by surveillance was 13 years and the sex ratio was the same. The time interval between vaccination and the onset of adverse events averages 30 days.
A revelation in the document is that some of the reported deaths were not even within the possible gaps between the applications. Dosage And death. “Four incidents occurred more than 30 days after vaccination, indicating an inconsistent temporal relationship according to the classification of adverse events,” he noted.
Of the total adverse events reported to the ministry, 38 (or 1.1%) ended in death, 36 related to the Pfizer vaccine and two to coronavac.
After investigating the cases, the 38 reported deaths were assessed and classified:
- Coincidental or inconsistent response: 23;
- Classifiable due to the need for information: 13;
- Causal conflicting information: 2.
To date, there has been no record of adverse events, including deaths between the ages of five and 18, with a definitive causal relationship to the vaccines used.
Special Bulletin of the Ministry of Health
For experts listening through the column, the results show how the vaccine provides safe and great efficacy in this age group.
“The bulletin confirms that the safety profile has been shown in episode 3 of the study, which allows children and adolescents to be vaccinated with the vaccine in the public eye. Director of SBIm (Brazilian Society of Immunizations) in Sao Paulo.
“We already expected this result. [da Pfizer]; And in the case of Coronavac, it is an inactivated virus vaccine, used for decades like others and not reactive “, assessed Monica Levy, director of SBIM.
We want to protect children and adolescents safely, and it has been proven – here and in the world – that an adverse event is extremely rare. This information shows that it is time to vaccinate those who are afraid to take their children! It’s time to dump her and move on.
Monica Levy, SBIM
In contrast to vaccines, Covid-19 is already responsible for 2,933 deaths between the ages of 10 and 19, according to data collected from the Civil Registry Office yesterday (27) on the Covid Transparency Portal.
However, the disease has become the leading cause of natural death for people of this age in the country.
In adults, proven safety
In the case of immunizations, including for all age groups, monitoring of adverse events also indicates excellent protection against all immunization agents used in Brazil.
As of March 12, 142,401 adverse events had been reported to the Ministry, of which 90% (130,400) were considered non-serious. There were also 26,315 immunization errors.
A serious adverse event is any event that requires hospitalization and includes at least one of these items:
- Demand immediate clinical intervention to avoid the risk of death or death;
- Significant unemployment and / or permanent disability;
- Congenital anomalies;
Proportionately, the elderly suffer the most from adverse effects:
According to the Surveillance Department, only 4.1 doses out of every 100,000 cause serious adverse events.
As it has done in past bulletins, the ministry compares the risk of an adverse event with being hospitalized for a serious illness or dying from Covid-19. As of April 2, 3,074,283 people had been hospitalized for SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) by Covid-19 in Brazil and 660,000 had died, the bulletin recalled.
According to the report, 1.4% of Brazil’s population (or 1,451 people per 100,000 inhabitants) were hospitalized or died of SARS between 2020 and April 2022. At the same time, the mortality rate from Covid-19 was 311.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. The data indicate that the chances of being hospitalized for SARS are 354 times higher than those who are exposed to the vaccine. Covid-19 is 6 times more likely to die.