Children

In the Awami League and in the country, the number of children in child labor may be seven times more than the official data

This year, on World Child Labor Prevention Day (June 12), the latest official data on the subject is outdated in Alagoas and the country, as they were obtained from the 2019 PNAD (National Household Sample Survey) before the epidemic. .. At that time, the document points to the existence of 25,372 children and adolescents in the state of primary employment. In Brazil, the number has reached about 1.8 million children.

“Unfortunately, global estimates indicate that, at present, this number could be seven times higher, according to a survey. World Development Index (WDI), which measures under-reporting of childhood work. It will recognize the existence of child labor for about 6 million children and adolescents in Brazil, “warned Claudia Suarez, Labor Prosecutor and Regional Coordinator for the Fight against Child and Adolescent Labor at the Ministry of Public Labor. (MPT-AL)

In an interview with CadaMinuto, the prosecutor explained that “invisible and official data is difficult to verify, such as domestic child labor, drug trafficking, informal and public works”: “Even in the absence of data officers, we know that In addition to the crisis, there has been a social and economic crisis that has significantly increased the social vulnerability of Alagos families, increasing unemployment, informality, school dropouts, school closures, and social inequality, factors that are directly linked to an increase in child labor for survival. ”

Claudia cited as an analysis parameter a survey conducted by UNICEF in the city of Sওo Paulo, between April and July 2020, showing the impact of the epidemic in women-led vulnerable families and the severity of child labor in 21% of households. That got the grant. Agency in the same period. “From this perspective, inevitably, Alagos will have to follow the global estimates of early work growth,” he noted.

The coordinator further recalls that Brazil has the color and social class of child labor. “In 66% of cases, the work is performed by black, black or brown teenagers, as well as poor children and adolescents from the periphery. With this information, it is easy to see that in Brazil, the naturalization of the discourse on ‘primarily working ennobles and character formation’ is the result of structural racism, the acceptance of society to minimize black childhood, consent to humanitarian violations. Rights. The basic needs of children and adolescents, blacks, blacks and the poor.

Support network

The prosecutor also spoke about the network Child Protection in Alagoas is made up of a set of entities, professionals and organizations, including public power, civil society, parent councils, prosecutors and courts for children and youth, Public Defender’s Office, the Child Rights Council and adolescents, including MPT. The Ministry of Labor and Welfare, the State Forum for the Elimination of Child Labor, social educators, professionals working in social organizations, the Social Support Reference Center (CRAS) and the Specialized Reference Center for Social Assistance (CREAS), specialized police officers station, as well as members of the organization Protects the human rights of adolescents.

“When we talk about a security fence, we must remember a number of threads that come together and form a tangled whole. Each thread can be represented by an organization, entity, or civil society entity that has a specific function within the security network. But for this set of threads to work effectively and to form an organic and functional whole, it needs permanent pronunciation and communication, it needs integration, the network needs to be understood as a web of permanent communication, ”Claudia continued, noting that a big challenge is children and To ensure the rights of adolescents and to strengthen the protection network, the performance of this network is permanent.

Condemnation and resistance

Anyone through dial 100 Can report human rights violations, in which she is a victim or has knowledge of child labor situations. Like MPT. The service is free and runs 24 hours a day.

Complaints can also be made on the website of the 19th Regional Labor Prosecutor’s Office (https://www.prt19.mpt.mp.br/), on the “Complaints” tab and through the “MPT Pardal” app.

Claudia Soares explains that it is important to make the complaint in a competent manner, that is, to provide as much information as possible about the child labor situation, such as address, location, time, activity performed, estimated age of the victim, and, in short, the subsidy required to conduct inspections by security agencies.

According to the prosecutor, once the child labor situation of a child or adolescent under the age of 16 or adolescents between the ages of 16 and 17 is verified in a condition or activity prohibited by law, the first step is immediate removal from work and payment of arrears of labor, if there is an identified exploiter. (When it is not child labor under family rule).

Claudia Suarez

“The vulnerability of each family and its members is assessed on a case-by-case basis, requiring care, either by PAIF, offered by CRAS, or by PAEFI, offered by CREAS. As child labor rights are violated, families can go with one of two services to agree on a family monitoring plan, with objectives and setting up referrals to achieve them, ”he added.

There are a number of steps that can be taken to combat child labor based on the verification of primary work and the violation of the rights of children and adolescents, but the prosecutor emphasizes that we must work with resistance rather than thinking of suppressing child labor. : “Children and adolescents must be protected from all forms of violence, oppression and human rights abuses, with absolute priority for action developed by the state, family and society.”

In partnership with the ILO and FNPETI, Claudia analyzed this year’s MPT campaign, entitled “Social Security to Combat Child Labor,” and argued that from this perspective, formulating public policies is essential for income transfer, employment, training and professionalization. The family nucleus itself, which is responsible for that family: “We need to think about how to support these families, who have to survive the global crisis of economic, social and political nature. “Social vulnerability in the family is one of the main reasons for the increase in child labor.”

Young apprentices

As part of the aforementioned resistance, the person responsible for the MPT’s coordination emphasized that professional education is a powerful tool in combating child labor, especially among young people in social disadvantages. According to him, the data indicate that 74% of child labor situations are related to adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17 who wanted to enter the labor market early by engaging in informal activities or providing business services. Familiar.

“Therefore, we have designed a new profile of child labor in Brazil, a teenager seeking independence or survival, in contrast to the previous profile of 2019, which was largely identified by children involved in the worst work. From this perspective, the role of learning in dealing with child labor or unprotected work is obvious, as one of the tools provided by law to address child labor uncertainty and to integrate education and qualifications in the workplace is to ensure youth employment, safety and adequate wages. Learning in this way becomes a way for young people with social vulnerabilities to become professional and secure entry into the job market after being rescued, ”said Claudia.

The labor prosecutor also noted the need to ensure effective compliance with protective law in the matter. In addition to national law, Alagos has its own law for young apprentices, a set of three laws – enacted by state deputy Joe Pereira – aimed at enforcing apprentice quotas in the state.

The laws are as follows: 8.269 / 2020, establishing that tax benefits will be paid only in Prodesin, companies that comply with the learning quota established by federal law; 8,280 / 2020, which authorized the state to institute the Young Apprentice Program Institute in Alagos; And Act 8287/2020, which requires compliance with education quotas as a prerequisite for the company’s participation in the official bidding process.

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