One in ten Brazilians is up to 5 years old Excess weight. The condition of more than half of mothers with children of this age was also recorded: 58.5%. Data from the National Child Food and Nutrition Study (Enani-2019).
Conducted by the Ministry of Health, the survey assessed 14,558 children and 12,155 biological mothers in 12,524 Brazilian households in 123 municipalities and federal districts in 26 states between February 2019 and March 2020.
According to researchers, being overweight can and does hinder a baby’s growth and development Severe chronic disease LifelongSuch as cardiovascular problems, diabetes, high blood pressure and even cancer.
“We call overweight a combination of overweight and obesity. Among Brazilian children under the age of five, 7% are overweight and 3% are obese. Among the biological mothers of children of this age, obesity is found in 32.2% of cases and obesity in 26.3%, “explained Gilberto Kak, coordinator of Enani-2019, Joshua de Castro, professor at the Institute of Nutrition, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (INJC). / UFRJ).
Enani-2019 also shows that about one-fifth (18.6%) of five-year-old Brazilian children are at risk of being overweight.
Read more: 12 Steps to a Successful Food Introduction
“They are children Need to be closely monitored, Because the weight gain curve for age is already higher than recommended by the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). At this stage, it is still possible to avoid short-term, medium- and long-term consequences, to intervene and to improve health conditions, “Cuck added.
The coordinator of Enani-2019 highlights that the results bring up-to-date scientific evidence for the definition of public health policy.
“Until then, the most recent data on the ethno-nutritional status of mothers and children up to 5 years of age was from 2006. Since then, the landscape has changed dramatically. Growth has increased from 43% to 58.6% over the same period, ”he said.
A data from Enani-2019 attracted researchers: 7% of Brazilian children up to 5 years Small size for age.
“The low altitude for their age shows that these children suffer Limitations Which has hindered their growth and development. This condition can be caused by recurrent infections and is associated with lower nutritional intake, possibly associated with food insecurity. As the age of the children increases, the spread of the indicator decreases, indicating that the situation has worsened in recent years, ”explained Kak.
According to the survey, the tendency for low height for age is 9% among children up to 11 months and 10.2% among 12 to 23 month olds. The frequency of problems is lower in children born up to 2016: 6.5% in 2 to 3 years, 5.8% in 3 to 4 years and 3.4% in 4 to 5 years.
Share this article with:
Enani-2019 was commissioned by the Ministry of Health and coordinated by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). The project is partnered with the Oswaldo Cruise Foundation (Fiocruz), the State University of Rio de Janeiro (URJ) and the Fluminense Federal University (UFF), with funding from the Ministry of Health’s General Coordination of Food and Nutrition. National Institute for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).
According to the UFRJ, this is the first study with a national representation that simultaneously assesses micronutrient deficiencies in infants under five years of age, including breastfeeding habits, supplementary feeding and individual diets, ethnic nutritional status and iron and vitamin deficiencies.
* This article was originally published by Agência Brasil