The fastest way to become a US citizen is to marry a US citizen. A permanent resident who has been married to a U.S. citizen for three years may normally be eligible for naturalization until they meet other requirements.
First U.S. citizenship requirements for a permanent resident, i.e. a green card holder, married to a U.S. citizen for 3 years.
As a permanent resident married to a U.S. citizen, an applicant may qualify for naturalization after only three years. This is a significant advantage (since it is usually required as a permanent resident for five years before applying for citizenship).
An application for normalization after three years of marriage with a U.S. citizen must meet the following citizenship requirements:
– Must be 18 years of age or older
Citizenship applications are not accepted for those under 18 years of age.
– Become a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 3 years
Applicants must have permanent resident status for at least 3 years before filing an N-400 application for naturalization. Your time as a permanent resident begins when the applicant is granted permanent resident status. This date can be found next to “Residential” on your green card.
However, the rules allow the applicant to submit their N-400 form 90 days before the completion of 3 years from the date of admission. Thus, a permanent resident from 01/01/2019 will meet this requirement on 03/10/2021. It’s 90 days before they hit the 3 year mark.
– Wife of a US citizen
In addition to living with your U.S. citizen spouse for at least 3 years before applying for N-400, naturalization, your spouse must be a U.S. citizen for the full 3-year period. The applicant must remain married for the rest of the process until the final ceremony of the pledge of allegiance. In the event of divorce or even the death of their spouse, the applicant will no longer be eligible for this qualification section and must apply as a permanent resident for 5 years.
– Have lived in the USCIS state or jurisdiction for at least 3 months before submitting the application
Applicants must be in the state (or in the USCIS district having jurisdiction of the applicant’s residence) at least 3 months prior to the date of submission of application for N-400, naturalization.
Therefore, if you recently moved to a new state, you must wait 3 months before filing the N-400 form.
– Uninterrupted residency in the United States for 3 years
Continuing residency means that the applicant has resided in the United States for a specified period of time. Helps to show the need for uninterrupted residency that the applicant has begun to integrate with the U.S. community and wants to remain in the United States, therefore, the applicant must immediately reside in the United States as a legal permanent resident for 3 years immediately. N-400 filing date, application for naturalization.
It is clear that the applicant can travel abroad, but must maintain relations with the United States. During his travels abroad, for example, he must pay taxes, maintain a residency, and return to the United States in less than 6 months. USCIS will assume that an absence of 6 months or more has hampered your uninterrupted residency requirements.
The applicant must remain in the United States continuously from the date of submission of the application until the normalization is completed. Again, you can travel abroad during the naturalization process, but you cannot move your residence to another country.
If the applicant is employed in certain types of employment abroad – such as working for the U.S. government or the U.S. armed forces – they may be eligible for an exception to the requirement of uninterrupted residency.
– Physical presence for 18 months
Physical presence means the applicant must be physically present in the United States during the legal period and until the date of application for naturalization. USCIS wants to know if you really want to be a citizen. As with uninterrupted residency, the need for physical presence helps to show that the applicant has begun to integrate with the U.S. community and wants to remain in the United States. Therefore, you must be physically present in the United States for at least 18 months of 3 years, just before the N-400 application date for naturalization.
Physical presence is a growing need. Therefore, the applicant must combine the number of days for all trips outside the United States.
Generally, the applicant must be able to read, write and speak English and have knowledge and understanding of US history and government (also known as civic science). But there is no need to be afraid. Applicants only need a basic level of English. It is also very easy to study for civic science exams.
USCIS also provides accommodation for people with disabilities. Learn more on the USCIS Exceptions and Accommodation page.
– Be a man of good moral character
Everyone makes mistakes; The applicant is not expected to be perfect. The United States wants new citizens to be of good moral character, connected to the principles of the United States Constitution, and to be able to do justice to the order and happiness of the United States in all relevant periods under the law. Examples of things that may show a lack of good moral character include, but are not limited to:
- Any offense against a person with intent to harm
- Any crime against property or government involving “fraud” or malicious intent
- Two or more offenses for which the total punishment was 5 years or more
- Violate any regulated substance law in the United States, any state, or any foreign country
- Habitual drunk
- Illegal gambling
- Polygamy (marriage with more than one person at the same time)
- Lying to get immigration benefits
- Failure to provide child support or court-directed child support
- Detention in a prison, prison or similar institution for a total of 180 days or more in the last 5 years
- Failure to complete a probation, probation, or suspended sentence before applying for naturalization
- Terrorist activities
- Persecution of any person due to race, religion, nationality, political opinion or social group
These are the basic requirements for citizenship in just 3 years. It is worth mentioning that fake marriage is a crime and prohibits the applicant and punishes the citizen’s wife.
OBS .: The purpose of this article is to inform people about American immigration, it should never be considered as legal advice, in each case there are subtleties and different ways to solve it. This issue may be considered as a declaration under the California and New York State Code of Professional Conduct. Therefore, readers are free to decide to consult with the local immigration attorney.