Help those who want to adopt children and adolescents step by step – 04/05/2022

Adoption is an emotional process, as well as a legal process, where a child or adolescent is permanently adopted as a child by an adult or couple other than their biological parents.

It is love that drives the desire to adopt and provides the patience and desire needed for the entire long adoption process from start to finish.

Bureaucracy and waiting times can be daunting for many suitors, especially when they are in trouble. Therefore, it is essential to talk about this topic in a simple and educational way to encourage new suitors.

According to data from the National Adoption and Shelter System (SNA), there are approximately 30,000 children and adolescents in foster homes and institutions across Brazil, from the National Council of Justice (CNJ). Of these, about 4,000 are ready for adoption, waiting for a new welcoming family and a healthy home so they can thrive with affection and security.

Echoes Speaking to Jusara Mara, Grau’s board member (Adoption Support Group in Uberaba), Angad (Vice-President of the National Association of Adoption Support Groups), the author of “Adokao ao Alkans de Todos” and the author of “Adokao Inter-Ethnic – Coloring Book Family” “And Dudu’s mother, to facilitate understanding of the process and to encourage new suitors to take the first step.

Who can adopt?

According to the industry. Under Children and Adolescents Act 42 (ECA), people over the age of 18, regardless of marital status, can adopt and those who are at least sixteen years older than the adoption.

There are no restrictions on unmarried, divorced, widowed, same-sex or heterosexual couples. In the case of joint adoption, the applicant must be a citizen married or living in a proven stable union.

Want to adopt? See where to start

Eligibility for adoption

Eligibility is what prepares the applicant to adopt a child or adolescent

A person who decides to adopt has to go through an adoption license, which is a relatively simple process, pre-adoption process before the children are met and independent of lawyers.


Applicants for adoption must pre-register with the National System of Adoption and Reception (SNA) through the National Council of Justice (CNJ) website. In this pre-registration, personal data and profile policy of the intended child (s) or adolescent (s) will be requested. This information can be changed at any time, during or after activation, and even while on hold.

After pre-registration, a list of documents is created that must be submitted to the juvenile and juvenile court in person or in person. Physical or online delivery depends on the protocol of each region. This documentation will be evaluated by the judiciary and the public prosecutor.

Document list:

  • Certified copy of birth certificate, marriage certificate or declaration of stable union;
  • Copy of identity card and CPF;
  • Proof of income and residence;
  • Medical Certificate of Physical and Mental Health;
  • Certificate of Criminal Record from State Court;
  • Negative certificate of civil distribution from state court.


As soon as the documentation is approved, the applicant goes to the stage of interviewing with the psychosocial sector of the forum with psychologists and social workers for evaluation.

What is evaluation?

In this interview, the actual availability of those applicants for adoption will be assessed: if they have a structure, where the desire to adopt comes from, family status. According to Jusara, it has nothing to do with how much he earns or if he has his own house, “it’s more about internal nature than external factors.”

Remember that there is no difference in the qualifications of a homosexual, heterosexual, unmarried, unmarried, divorced or widowed couple. The whole qualification process follows the same criteria for any type of family formation.

Jusara Mara vice-president Angad (National Association of Adoption Support Group)

Preparation for adoption

The law provides that preparation for adoption is required, but does not say how it should be done and does mean that it happens differently in every part of Brazil. The judiciary in each place decides how to proceed. There are places where preparation is done through two or three lectures, in others they are meetings of experience.

“Here at Uberbata, there are nine fortnightly meetings, each lasting two hours. These are not intended for evaluation, but reflect the challenges that come with adoption,” Jurassic Geras said of the process in Minas.

Adoption row

Once they have been licensed and prepared according to local practice, applicants finally enter the queue – the queue they say they cannot walk on – that is inserted into the National Adoption System as a qualified applicant (SNA).

At this point, the profile of the target child (s) or adolescent (s) has been confirmed and applicants can be contacted from any location in the country. The system issues cross-reference data and alerts for contact with a legal professional, provides features and information, and arranges to meet with the child to begin the coexistence phase.

Today, much depends on the Cartesian system. So, if the plaintiff says he adopts two-year-old girls and has a daughter who is two years old and one day old, the system will not identify him as a potential daughter.

Jusara Mara vice-president Angad (National Association of Adoption Support Group)

Within the profile selected by the applicant, three contacts are created. If all three are rejected, without reasonable cause, to meet with the applicant child or adolescent and go to the coexistence stage, it will be re-evaluated. Jusara explains that a denial is usually normal, as it can be a complicated moment in a litigant’s life, but when it is repeated, the will to adopt is questioned.

An important issue, as he explained, is the delay in queues due to district elections. “It’s not so easy for kids all over the country to be exposed to fast calls, it’s complicated,” Jusara noted. This is because you can be contacted within a day and the child cannot wait to save money to organize your vacation or to visit them. In addition, the coexistence stage does not have a specific duration, it can take fifteen days, a month or more depending on the age of the child.

“It depends on the most correct answer when it comes to adoption. It all depends because we are talking about human relationships,” Jusara said.

Intercourse internship

Once you’ve met the child or teen and everything is fine, it’s time for coexistence. It is still at the institutional inspection and reception stage, with forensic technicians. The duration of this process and how it will happen depends on various factors, such as the age and history of the child, how this connection will occur, if the visits are all within the host organization or leave is allowed and even spent the weekend.

The coexistence phase ends when the technicians involved in the case issue a report for custody for adoption purposes. Then, with custody in hand, the child goes to the prospective parent’s home and the final adoption process can be opened.

The adoption process

This is the final process, which definitely transforms a child or adolescent into a child. A lawyer is needed at the moment because things don’t happen automatically.

The adoption process takes place even if the biological family has no information about him or the adoptive parents. This can happen before the removal of family power is complete, which is the removal of biological parents from the record of a child or adolescent. The Public Prosecutor’s Office is responsible for filing this family dismissal process and not the adoptive parent.

It’s official! Your family has grown up!

Once the adoption is complete, there is nothing to return to the previous stage. With it, the birth record is replaced by a new one, the child’s surname, parents and grandparents’ names are updated. Place and date of birth remain the same.

Need to change the name of the child or change?

This is still a big discussion and there are no orders or prohibitions. “It may change, but it’s not a good idea to change it from the moment the child is already familiar with the name. But it’s a serious problem,” Jusara said.

Seek support

Lastly, do not hesitate to talk to professionals in the field and seek the help of support groups or psychological support before, during and after the adoption. The process is deep, it fully evokes the emotions and lives of the plaintiffs and the recipients.

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