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Fuel, electrical energy, gas … We explain why Engie, EDF and TotalEnergies are calling for an “instant” reduction in usage

When three contestants roll up their sleeves collectively. Published a joint op-ed Sunday MagazineOn Sunday, June 26, leaders of TotalEnergies, EDF and Engie referred to as on the French to cut back “Immediately” Their use of gasoline, electrical energy and gas. According to France’s three gasoline entry suppliers, the danger of deficits and rising costs is such that they go forward as a menace. “Social Harmony” Next winter.

What are the fears raised by the three power suppliers?

“For months now, the European energy system has been underneath extreme stress and the French energy system has not been spared.”, Katherine McGregor, CEO of NG, Jean-Bernard Levy, Chairman and CEO of EDF and Patrick Poyan, Chairman and CEO of TotalEnergy. According to them, “As a results of these issues, rising power costs threaten our social and political cohesion and significantly have an effect on the buying energy of households.”.

According to the three leaders, the one strategy to keep away from gas, electrical energy and oil shortages subsequent winter is to cut back them “Immediately” Energy consumption So they referred to as on the individuals in addition to the enterprise neighborhood to work collectively.

“Acting this summer season will enable us to be higher ready to take care of the following winter and particularly to save lots of our gas reserves.”

Leaders of Engie, EDF and TotalEnergie

In a gallery of “JDD”

“The greatest power we do not obtain”, Emphasize the three leaders, who referred to as “Awareness and collective and particular person motion so that every of us – each shopper, each firm – adjustments its conduct and instantly limits its use of power, electrical energy, gas and petroleum merchandise.”.

How do they explain this pressure?

This is an apparent consequence War in Ukraine, first. There is distribution of Russian gas by pipeline “Extremely low for some international locations, together with France”. “Although rising, imports of liquefied pure gas (LNG) are nonetheless very restricted to compensate for this fall. The stage of gas reserves on the European stage is due to this fact excessive and rationing measures have been carried out in some international locations.”They level out.

Asked by franceinfo in early June, researcher Francis Perrin has already shared these issues. “In the context of the Ukraine warfare, there’s a danger of shortage, which doesn’t imply that this danger will likely be met.”Research Director Dr.Institute of International and Strategic Relations (IRIS). He warned: World oil markets might expertise tensions between manufacturing and demand ranges over the summer season. “In the United States, we are getting into the ‘driving season’, the time of 12 months when vehicle journey is most necessary, as a result of individuals go on trip. And that is after we want extra vehicle gasoline. In China,Relaxation Stricter restrictions in sure cities will result in a return to regular journey and due to this fact improve demand for oil.

The climate additionally has one thing to do with it. “Climate circumstances and drought are lowering hydraulic manufacturing”, Write the three leaders in their discussion board. A big a part of the French nuclear fleet truly wants water from the river to chill it. As a outcome, very low water ranges, reminiscent of these in Rhone in early June, may jeopardize these actions.

What could possibly be the deficit?

In early June, the Ministry of Energy Transition assured Franceinfo: “There is not any danger of short-term deficit. In addition to business shares, there are 90-day strategic shares and these shares are distributed all through the area. ” Jan Horst Kepler, professor of economics at Paris-Dowfin, Normalized dry failure additionally didn’t predict. However, a attainable one-off deficit is feasible: There are totally different grades of oil, some refineries might not have the accustomed oil grade and might not have the flexibility to exchange one grade of oil with one other. This may create a one-time deficit in some refineries. “

“The availability of petrol, diesel oil and heating oil must be monitored very carefully, much more so than the provision of crude oil.”

Jan Horst Kepler, economist

at franceinfo

But if we belief the authorities at TotalEnergies, EDF and Engie, the state of affairs appears much more worrying. “We want to start out a significant power effectivity program and a nationwide waste search. The effort have to be instant, concerted and complete. Every gesture needs to be counted.”Enter three suppliers.

The supervisor of the Electricity Transmission Network (RTE) suggested TF1 two weeks in the past. “We have introduced for a number of years {that a} collection of winters from 2018 to 2024 will likely be delicate.”Note RTE. “In reality, we are at a important juncture, marked by a collection of occasions that should be managed: the closure of oil and coal-fired energy crops, [nucléaire] Fesenheim, however the delay in the event of different strategies of manufacturing “.

As of May 24, 27 of the 56 French nuclear reactors had been shut down, in keeping with the EDF. That’s about half. An unprecedented state of affairs, which is defined by the deliberate shutdown but additionally by an sudden downside of abrasion.

Is France the one nation involved?

No. To compensate for the reduction of Russian gas provides, Germany, for instance, will return coal. A Appeal TemporaryPromises to the German Minister of Economy and Climate, who acknowledged that this can be a resolution. “BitterSome energy crops will likely be expanded A brief-term measureOver a time frame LimitedBy March 2024, Berlin confirms.

Other European international locations have not too long ago introduced comparable measures. Austria, additionally depending on Russian gas, has introduced the upcoming reopening of an unused coal-fired energy plant to have the ability to meet potential shortages.

Latest instance: Netherlands. So far, Dutch coal-fired energy crops can’t function greater than 35% of their capability, in keeping with a regulation efficient January 2022 to cut back the nation’s CO2 emissions. They can now “Work at full capability”On Monday, June 20, the Dutch Minister for Environment and Energy, Rob Zetten, introduced.

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