Children

“Difficulties vaccinating children could harm epidemic control,” said an infectious disease specialist




In Brazil, children are the least vaccinated against Covid-19

Photo: Mural Agency

Build target audiences with children Low vaccination rate Today in Brazil against Covid-19. Data from the Ministry of Health shows that 41% of boys and 39% of girls between the ages of 5 and 9 have not received the first dose of the vaccine since January.

The data was taken from Datasus * Microdata Bank, the Ministry of Health, and processed by Marcelo Suarez, Lagom Data, and Wesley Kota, a researcher at UNESP’s Faculty of Medicine.

Roraima, for example, is the state with the longest vaccination delay according to the data: 73% of boys and 72% of 11-year-old girls did not even receive the first dose. This is followed by Rondonia, 71% boys and 70% girls and Mato Grosso, 62% and 61%.

Why are young people not being vaccinated?

According to infectious experts Valeria PaceWhich works at the Sírio-Libanês Hospital in Brasilia, is the main factor Feeling less at risk For these visitors by their guardians. “Many believe that children do not develop serious forms of the disease,” he noted.

The age from 2020 to December 2021 represents 0.34% of the total number registered in Brazil in the case of Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) by Covid-19, as published by the Ministry of Health.

The lack of facts, however, does not mean that the case does not exist, empowers the expert. “It’s a small proportion, but it can also happen in children. We’ve seen it in the ICU in newborns with Covid-19. The elderly and immunosuppressed risk factors, but There are reasons that are not yet fully knownWhich intensifies these cases. “

Infectious diseases experts also point out that parents and guardians are often concerned Possible side effects Vaccine against the youngest Kovid-19 and it keeps them away from health posts.

The concern is unfounded, as studies have already shown that severe adverse reactions in children are extremely rare, with less than 3% of cases, as reported by the US government agency Center for Disease Control (CDC), collecting data from 8.7 million doses.

This study was done with the analysis of the application of immunizing agents PfizerSame as approved by Anvisa for application in Brazil. The vaccine is given at 8-week intervals between the first and second doses.

The moment is also unfavorable

The moment of the epidemic where the childhood vaccine was approved and began to be applied in Brazil, in January of this year, it also denied the need for immunizers. “It’s a set of reasons, but the basic aspect is a sense of risk. But there is no death. It lowers the risk of people catching the disease and protecting themselves, “said Valeria.

On the other hand, in 2021, when Brazil was on the verge of death from the disease, the demand for vaccination by elderly, immunosuppressed people and other members of the risk group was high and satisfactory for health professionals.

Covid-19 control threat

Also, according to infectious disease specialist Valeria, avoiding immunizations in young people can harm epidemic control. “Because the vaccine reduces the risk of illness, it breaks the chain of transmission,” he justified.

There will be an alternative to preventing the lack of demand for immunizing agents for children, then, more specific strategies aimed at parents and guardians. “Detecting gaps in data would be better than a simple and general communication,” he noted.

“Every parent wants the best for their child, but on the other hand we have scientists whose life’s goal is to find solutions to the problems that humanity faces, such as Kovid-19,” he said. He further recalls that the return to face-to-face class and the arrival of winter, usually during respiratory illness, are the times when children may become more vulnerable.

“Parents should communicate with the right people and not be afraid of something that has already been tested, verified and monitored. The main fear must be illness,” he concluded.

* The federal government does not report socio-economic or socio-economic profiles of unvaccinated people. The survey also takes into account population estimates based on the age announced by the IBGE in 2019 before the Covid-19 epidemic.

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