Children

DF is the 3rd state where school attendance is highest among children and youth

The data was analyzed by Codes, who presented a report on the development of DF over the last 10 years.

Alyssa Costa
[email protected]

Launched by the DF Council for Sustainable and Strategic Economic Development (CODEZ), the document “DF Development Overview – May 2022” analyzes the evolution of federal capital over the last 10 years. According to recent data, DF ranks 3rd among the federal units in the schooling rankings for people of school-going age (4 to 24 years).

Codes wants to actively participate in DF’s economic and sustainable planning in the short, medium and long term, and compares the assessment in question with other Brazilian states and capitals and publishes regional data based on indicators such as demographics, education, health, security, economy and Business, work and income, sanitation and sustainability, social development and housing and urban development.

According to the report, between 2016 and 2019, the percentage of children, adolescents and young people in school dropped by only 0.2 percentage points and closed at 77%. Among the capitals, Brasilia ranks 6th and had a cowardly evolution compared to Belo Horizonte (+ 2.1%) and Goiania (+ 0.5%) over the same period. In DF, the highest concentration sites for students of this age group are Sudoveste / Octogonal, Aguas Clarus, Lago Sul, and Jardim Botanico, all over 80%.

With low frequencies of less than 70%, there are Itapo, Guara, Riacho Fando II, Fercal, Por do Sol, Taguetinga, SCIA, and Estruchal and SIA regions. In terms of the Basic Education Development Index, Federal District Primary School ranks 2nd among FUs in terms of I, just behind Sওo Paulo. In the Primary School II rankings and the High School rankings, DF is ranked 5th. Evolution was calculated on the basis of numbers between 2009 and 2019.

The federal capital also has the highest average schooling in the FU, however, less than 30% of children between the ages of 0 and 3 attend school. This percentage is far from the 50% predicted by the National Education Plan (PNE) and could affect the cognitive development of this population. The regions with the highest number of children attending day-care are Candangolandia and the Southwest, which accounted for 36%, and from 2011 to 2021, enrollment in full-time daycare centers increased from 28% to 68%.

School late

According to the development scenario, by 2020 DF’s public high school system still had about 28% students with a school delay of at least two years. This percentage is higher in other states than in the DF and the surrounding Integrated Development Areas (RIDE-DF). In the last 5 years, the so-called “age-grade distortion” has decreased by only 2.7 percentage points.


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Illiteracy

According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), DF ranks 4th among federal units with the lowest illiteracy rates. This group represents 2.8% of the total population of DFs aged 15 years or older, with a decrease of 0.2% from 2012 to 2019. The state with the lowest illiteracy rate is Santa Catarina, with 2.3% of the total population.

Among the DF’s administrative regions, Sudoist / Octogonal again tops the list, with Aguas Claras having a zero illiteracy rate. With rates above 3% are Zambia, Candangolandia, Parano, Verjao, Por do Sol, Planaltina, Braslandia, Fercal, SCIA and Estrural. Also, in 2019, the federal capital has reached the 1st place in the ranking of the average education of the adult population and the 1st place in the ranking of adults aged 25 years and above. Complete higher education (33.8%).

A high school diploma or equivalent, the rate is 28.2%. However, enrollments in technical vocational education at the secondary level in the DF represent 17.1% of the total enrollment in regular secondary education, more than in the Midwest (12.2%) and less than in Brazil (19.1%). Between 2019 and 2020 the most sought after courses were Nursing, Informatics and Administration.

Power

The panorama shows that, according to the IBGE, DF’s share of the economy RIDE is the largest compared to the other 33 cities. DF’s GDP is approximately R $ 273.6 billion, followed by Belo Horizonte, R $ 97.2 billion and Goiânia’s DP 52.9 billion. According to the Gross Value Added (VAB), which consists of contributions to GDP by various economic activities, more than 50% of registrations are from the DF services sector, followed by 44.1% from the public administration sector.


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The document also highlights other positive points of DF based on the numbers of the last 10 years, such as low infant mortality rate and chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), high levels of income and adult education. Federative within the unit. Also, the capital has a high rate of masters and doctors per 100,000 inhabitants, low poverty by national standards, high quality roads and greater internet access.

Critical points

On the other hand, DF has the highest income inequality in the country, high unemployment rate, high reliance on public sector and low access to early childhood education. It has high rates of property crime, inequality within the administrative region and high rates of inadequate housing.

Based on a survey by Macroplan – also cited by Panorama – DF has evolved over the past decade on issues such as traffic safety and public safety, but has seen a decline in literacy rates and longevity, increasing by just 2.7 years over the last decade.


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