Symptoms are similar: difficulty concentrating, apathy, forgetfulness, hyperactivity, low school performance, and often social isolation. Many children have this, which can lead to a diagnosis such as dyslexia or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). What many parents are unaware of is that these symptoms can also be a consequence of a hearing-related disorder.
It is a central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) that affects the ability to understand words and can impede intellectual development from infancy. The child hears normally, but cannot explain what he hears. It was as if words and other words were just words.
“Children or adolescents with CAPD cannot discriminate between words in terms of their position and breadth and do not recognize or understand the meaning of every word in the environment. Rafaela Cardoso, audiology specialist at Telex Solus Auditivas.
According to neurologists, all efforts are made for the brain to understand what is happening around those who have the disorder. There comes a time when he can’t resist and “stops”. Therefore, people with CAPD are always very confused and quickly lose focus on what is happening in the environment.
Speech and reading are also impaired because the language process develops simultaneously with the listening process. Thus, it can be difficult for a child to learn to speak and read, since words need to be attached to their words.
“Under general conditions, the position of a word is understood to mean where it came from, its direction and distance; It’s like a church bell, the sound of a car horn Therefore, good hearing is not always enough to understand words, ”the expert explained.
Diagnosis is usually given at the stage of the child’s literacy, since at this stage the student begins with short-term memory problems, lack of comprehension, poor concentration and inability to read and write. What happens is that he can hear the teacher’s voice clearly, but the speech is difficult to understand; Running on words, even understanding text explanations and problem statements. The good news is that the problem can be worked out.
“It is very important that the correct diagnosis is made as soon as possible so that learning difficulties can be overcome more easily. The human brain, especially in infancy, has great flexibility. There is a lot of potential to be gained, as his brain will be trained to create different processes and alternative pathways to prevent the disorder, ”explained Telex’s speech therapist.
It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. The structure of the brain that interprets and places words up to the age of 13. Until that age, musical notes, sounds, and everyday sounds gradually teach the brain how to deal with hearing loss.
Some researchers have suggested that children with recurrent trauma or inflammation of the middle ear may have the disorder, as such diseases prevent the brain from receiving sound stimuli properly. Neurodegenerative diseases, rubella, syphilis and toxoplasmosis, even alcohol and maternal chemical dependence can cause this disorder. But nothing has been scientifically proven yet.
The diagnosis of central auditory processing disorder is confirmed by a special examination by an audiologist who excludes other problems.
“In most cases, the peripheral auditory system (eardrum, ossicles, cochlea, and auditory nerve) is completely preserved. Therefore, methods are performed that are a little more extensive than general audiometric analysis. For example, language development and listening behavior need to be evaluated. The minimum age for conducting such studies is seven years. Tests will indicate which of the child’s hearing skills is most impaired and will serve as a guideline for choosing a treatment plan for the auditory training that the speech therapist will conduct with the child, in a medium to long-term therapeutic approach. Work “, concludes Rafaela Cardoso.
Tips for parents and teachers of children with CAPD:
– Noisy environments further disrupt the concentration of children with CAPD; So it is important to maintain silence while studying, both at school and at home;
– Needs to be clearly, slowly, very closely with the choice and face the baby;
– It is recommended that, at school, the child be seated as close to the teacher as possible and away from doors and windows to protect himself from noise;
– Parents and teachers need to encourage children to make learning efforts to improve their learning and increase their self-esteem.