‘Children return to school unprepared to welcome them’

After two years away from the school grounds and interacting with classmates, a return to face-to-face activities should represent a fresh start and, in a way, a moment awaited by young and adolescents. However, while many are excited about the idea of ​​going back to school, other things are happening in the school context: aggression, anxiety, and depression.

May the mental health of students, teachers, family, etc. be good. – Affected by epidemics and social distance problems, this is already a fact. However, it is difficult to measure at what level and by what means each was achieved.

Pediatrician and professor Daniel Baker noted that many children and adolescents were over-exposed to the screen and that the impossibility of being physically present with other people compromised their socialization skills. Also, Daniel further emphasizes that the school is not fully prepared to deal with many of the psychological issues that students bring to this resume.

In the first two months of class in 2022 alone, more than 4,000 incidents of physical aggression were recorded in state schools, according to the S বিভাগেরo Paulo State Department of Education. This represents a 48.5% increase over the same period in 2019.

For example, the incidence of harassment has almost doubled in the space of two years. In 2019, 202 incidents were recorded; 359 have been directed in 2022.

Attacks of anxiety, depression and panic have been reported with increasing frequency. Recently, a school in Recife filed a lawsuit alleging a collective panic crisis, which simultaneously affected 26 students. Daniel points out that such situations are caused by stress and the stress that school can create on young people, due to unadjusted educational models, or due to evaluation problems, or a lack of preparation for the reception.

For Daniel Baker, schools must have a mental health agency, enter into an agreement with the Department of Health, or call a psychologist or school psychologist / Credit: Disclosure

Read the pediatrician’s interview below To come:

Porvir – From your point of view, what were the main effects of the epidemic on the mental health of young people and adolescents?

Daniel Baker – The time was very cruel for teenagers. Living together in the city, especially in nature, is very important for them and also for the children. Captivity creates a heavy climate for children, with parents under extreme stress, violent, conflicting families, and often violent (situations).

The excess of the screen was unreasonable. It has practically doubled in epidemics. And it has remained that way since the epidemic. Babies spend 12 or 14 hours staring at the screen, their brains are damaged … it’s really serious. Not to mention over-processed foods.

Porvir – What is already possible in terms of behavioral changes at this age?

Daniel Baker – Early in the epidemic there was an epidemic of mental, emotional and behavioral symptoms perceived by pediatricians, including. When children go back out, when they come out of captivity they are able to see other children, grandparents, younger friends, especially when they go back to school they start to improve.

But some of them, after returning to school, continue with stressful reasons, fearing that they have lost the ability to (live together). Similarly, teenagers really need this coexistence. Ten, twelve, fourteen hours a day screens and social networks that are toxic, or immersed in games or videos, they lose social skills, their brains become impaired in its functioning, they become more and more addicted, they want to limit themselves to more time and It tends to lead to more situations of frustration, sadness, introspection and isolation. There are many instances where we see children and adolescents, especially the elderly, having difficulty returning to the real world.

Parvir – How do you see the attitude of schools in dealing with this face-to-face reaction?

Daniel Baker – The school wants to retrieve the content and it is unreasonable. Put pressure on children who are coming out of so much pain, who need, on the contrary, more moments of rest, reunion and celebration.

When received poorly, it is added to the pressure of this tour full of overload and demand. They can explode in a variety of ways.

Porvir – Does it explain the increase in school violence and aggression?

Daniel Baker – Some will explode on the inside with symptoms of frustration, sadness, introspection, others will explode on the outside with aggression, rebellion or other difficulties.

The aggression that is happening in schools is really impressive. It’s normal, it’s expected, and it’s predictable, especially if the school doesn’t pay attention. It is time to rethink what is happening in our school, to think about the mental health of these students, and to have groups and welcome activities in the school.

Porvir – What is the source of this more aggressive and less social behavior?

Daniel Baker – Children are returning to a school from two years of deep stress that is unprepared for them. They come from families that are still under a lot of stress, where this discomfort is often not recognized. This pain, which is behind the symptoms and abnormal behavior, is not recognized and ends up being the object of punishment, beatings, screams and reprimands for children or adolescents that they no longer need. There is no listening, no reception for this emotion.

Porvir – In the context of mental health, what is the role of specialized educators, schools and professionals in this area?

Daniel Baker – As for mental health, we all need to work on it. There is no clear description, but it is clear that all the children who are suffering the most need professional help. Schools must have a mental health agency, make an agreement with the health department or call a psychologist or school psychologist. In the case of public networks, these children can be seen by psychologists at CAPS (Psychosocial Care Centers) or on private networks. The most notable really need help.

Everyone is under a lot of stress at school

Parveer- Recently a case was reported At one point, 26 students at a school in Recife had anxiety attacks. Is there any possible explanation for such a joint crisis?

Daniel Baker – Everyone is under a lot of stress at school. If a child starts a panic attack, which is a little contagious, they see others who can’t breathe, they start to mirror and they can’t breathe properly and then it starts a chain reaction. What happened is perfectly understandable. In a sense, it was very good that it happened. Of course this is a tragedy, but it was good that it happened this way because it drew attention to this issue across the country.

Porveer – What could be a better strategy for young people to express these feelings?

Daniel Baker – Create conversation circles, try to help process their experiences during the epidemic and those that were very rich. They have witnessed significant changes in the world, environmental issues, political issues, science, cooperation, the Internet… (this is important) letting them talk about their experiences on their network, overuse of the screen, talking about symptoms, what is happening back to school. It works and processes these experiences, especially socio-psychological skills, to take a closer look at bullying.

The issue of physical violence is more prevalent in the yard. Bullying is an extremely dangerous silent violence. Children quickly become depressed and suicidal when they are subjected to harassment, which is systematic harassment. That children are abused every day by one or another group, is very serious! We have to be attentive, families must be attentive when the child comes home from class with strange behavior, withdraws too much, gets upset, does not want to go to school. These children may be beaten. It’s time to revisit our school’s role in welcoming these children and families.

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