If your child complains of a headache, don’t panic: Headaches in children and adolescents Common and not usually serious.
The main two types Migraine – which can affect about 9% of young children and 23% of adolescents – and Anxiety headachesVery common in young people, especially in early adolescence.
Migraines are usually characterized by tremors on both sides of the head, with more trembling pain, Associated with nausea and vomiting, In addition to hatred of light and sound. It may or may not be accompanied by abdominal pain and visual changes, known as an aura.
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Tension headaches, however, when the muscles are tense, are somewhat mild and can occur on both sides of the head, without symptoms of nausea and vomiting.
Pain is divided into two groups: primary, which has no specific cause, and secondary, which has a triggering factor that can lead to an acute infection, a brain injury, hydrocephalus, a vascular problem, or even a tumor.
However, according to Rezen Macedo, a neuropathic therapist at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, brain tumors are the most common cause of headaches in children and adolescents.
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According to neuropathizers, there are some triggers and environmental factors that are commonly associated with the onset of headaches in children and adolescents, so it is important to evaluate the patient’s history in detail. If he has a history of pain and it gets worse or it is a pain that has just started.
Also, the type of pain, how often the child complains and whether there is a tendency due to family history.
Is the main trigger Environmental changes, psychological factors, poor sleep quality, hormonal changes (Common in adolescence) and Food (Including artificial colors, sausage, some types of cheese, caffeine, abuse among others).
“It is very common for parents to come to the neurologist’s office with frustration, always thinking that their child’s headache is more serious because they have already gone to the ophthalmologist and otolaryngologist and found nothing. But most of the time, the problem is primary [sem causa específica] And we’ve been able to solve that by making small changes in our habits. We have made this problem mysterious. Kids, yes, adults can have headaches as well, “he explained.
You Warning signal Parents should seek medical help:
হলে Notice if the pain is severe;
Check if it is a pain that is getting worse over time;
Evaluate whether the type of pain and the frequency pattern of the complaint have changed.
According to Rezan, at least if you have children Two episodes of pain per month need to be investigated. In general, when the cause is associated with sleep problems, stress or eating problems, it can only be controlled through a change in habits, not the use of drugs.
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“The first step is to remove potential triggers and change your lifestyle to avoid crisis. In some cases medication is recommended. Treatment usually lasts three to six months, “said the doctor, who emphasizes that imaging tests, such as tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, are requested only when the cause of the pain is secondary.
Painkillers should also be used sparingly, as excessive use can have a reversible effect and trigger chronic pain.
* This text was originally produced by Einstein