“23 million [de euros] A source from the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) explained in response to Lusar’s question that in 2022 Mozambique and those centered in the north would be needed to meet all the humanitarian needs of education.
However, by the end of the first quarter, the education group (‘clusters’) accounted for only 3.3% of that amount (the group includes two Mozambican organizations, 14 international organizations and two UN agencies, in all cases).
Additional funding (an unspecified amount) has already arrived in April, but “given the current context, it will be a challenge for the whole team and partners to reach the goal they are dedicated to every day”, according to the same source.
The provinces of Cabo Delgado, Nyasa and Nampula have been plagued by years of favorite insurgency, cyclones and the Covid-19 epidemic, creating a humanitarian crisis with about 800,000 displaced people, with underfunding reduced in everything from food aid to education.
There is a dual crisis: on top of the humanitarian crisis, there is a funding crisis for aid agencies.
“The lack of funds available for humanitarian intervention since the Kovid-19 epidemic has been exacerbated” because it was a “global emergency” and currently “intervention in response to the conflict in Ukraine is essential for several donors”, the same source explained.
According to the International Organization for Migration, 784,000 internally displaced people, most of them children, have been displaced by the conflict in Cabo Delgado.
In Mozambique, the 23 million euro budgeted for education this year “includes sector requirements for the entire country, including school infrastructure rehabilitation”.
Many schools did not open their doors
In the province of Cabo Delgado alone, devastated by an armed uprising four-and-a-half years ago, 114 classrooms were destroyed and less than half of the damaged 386 schools reopened for the 2022 school year – at least because of the destruction as well as infrastructure, problems persisted. Accessibility and security in several districts.
Education services are under intense pressure with nearly 30,000 displaced children fleeing the conflict zone “going to community fast school”.
After the buildings were rebuilt, the group needed help in maintaining the quality of education, encouraging children to return to school, ensuring a safe place for them to learn, and addressing the traumatic events that students and teachers suffered last year. An analysis of the situation created by.
In light of the situation, “work is planned according to available funds,” a UNICEF source concluded.
The province of Cabo Delgado is rich in natural gas, but has been plagued by armed rebels since 2017, with some attacks claimed by Islamic State extremist groups.
According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 784,000 have been internally displaced by the conflict and about 4,000 have died, according to the ACLED Conflict Registry Project.
Since July 2021, an attack by government troops in support of Rwanda, which was later joined by the South African Development Community (SADC), has allowed the rebels to retake areas where they were present, but directed their flight to new attacks as a passage or temporary refuge in other districts. Used.