Children

Breaking the rules has increased hunger among children, the ‘daughter of the coup’ – cut

According to former minister and professor Teresa Campello, the epidemic has worsened the situation, but hunger and food insecurity are already on the rise in Brazil after the 2016 impeachment.

During a public hearing held by the House Security and Family Commission this Tuesday (7), he used the term “daughter of the coup” to refer to children born in recent years and the effects of the absence or decline of public policy.

According to the National Study of Child Food and Nutrition (NANNI), the former Minister for Social Development and Fighting Hunger (2011 to May 2016) was quoted as saying that in 2019, almost half of Brazilian households under the age of 5 (47, 1%) had some degree. There was food insecurity.

This rate drops to 40% in white children and increases to 58% in black children.

“Tackling the agenda of hunger and malnutrition, fighting poverty, tackling structural racism in Brazil cannot be separated,” Tereza said.

In partnership with the Oswaldo Cruise Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro State University (URJ) and Fluminense Federal University (UFF), other organizations are coordinated by Enani Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).

Teresa Campello agrees that all countries have suffered from disruptions in production chains and rising food prices, but stressed that Brazil could face problems in other ways, avoiding a return to the so-called hunger map.

For him there was an organized state. This, in my opinion, the dramatic consequence of the coup, the breakup (in 2016), had a huge impact on children. I would say they are the daughter of the coup.

– Teresa Campello

Thus, the former minister cited the factors cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as determinants for Brazil, until a few years ago, when it was managed to reduce hunger and poverty. Factors such as political priorities, income growth, increased formal employment, support for formal agriculture, and various public policies. “It is useless to consider hunger and malnutrition, especially in the case of children, as isolated incidents. We have to deal with this complex situation with a complex policy. “

Teresa Campello, currently a visiting professor in the Faculty of Public Health at the University of Sওo Paulo, where he coordinates the Josু de Castro chair, has denied claims that the effects of the famine are on.

“This is not true: the data set we already have in Brazil shows that our hunger and food insecurity increased before the epidemic. This is directly linked to the revised 95 (“spending limit”), which violates public policy that occurs with coups, “he said.

“Even emergency aid is insufficient to deal with the causes that are driving the population to food insecurity.” (Table) Continuous, dramatic and lasting and then, deadly during epidemics, ”the former minister added.

The FAO representative in Brazil, Rafael Javala, says Latin America’s “big problem” is not so much hunger, but malnutrition. “It simply came to our notice then. In Brazil, the problem is not the availability of food, it’s access and use, “he added. Globally, he points to a “perfect storm” situation, consisting of an epidemic, inflation, war (including logistics and the impact on gas, oil and fertilizer prices) and climate change. The FAO price index reached a 32-year high in April, rising 12.6% in 12 months.

Elimination and the future

In a public hearing chaired by Deputy Alice Portugal (PCdoB-BA), Professor Patricia Boyer and Fabiola de Souza addressed the consequences of the food crisis for the next generation. Patricia, president of the Brazilian Association of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHAD), noted that social exclusion can already be determined while the baby is still in the womb. According to him, the 1,000-day period, which includes pregnancy and the first two years of life, is a “window of opportunity, a plasticity to shape what a person becomes as an adult.”

Pediatrician Fabiolao highlights the quality of Brazilian food. And he cites an article where the authors show that the prices of 20 items that have recently risen in Brazil, 19 meals. In nature.

At the same time, processed products (sausage, bologna, biscuits) were below inflation. Thus, in addition to malnutrition, other problems occur, such as micronutrient deficiencies, overweight and obesity.

“Many of what is happening now will have repercussions for decades to come,” the researchers said, pointing to the negative effects on the physical and mental health of the next generation. “Food insecurity, poverty and inequality compromise health in the short and long term. That is the promise of all of us. “

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