Children

Breaking policies raises appetite among children, ‘daughter of coup’, says Teresa Campello

Sao Paulo – The epidemic has worsened the situation, but according to former minister and professor Teresa Campello, hunger and food insecurity are already on the rise in Brazil after the 2016 impeachment. During a public hearing held by the House Security and Family Commission this Tuesday (7), he used the term “daughter of the coup” to refer to the effects of the absence or decline of public policy on children born in recent years.

According to the National Study of Child Food and Nutrition (NANNI), the former Minister for Social Development and Fighting Hunger (2011 to May 2016) was quoted as saying that in 2019, almost half of Brazilian households under the age of 5 (47, 1%) had some degree. There was food insecurity. This rate drops to 40% in white children and increases to 58% in black children. “Tackling the agenda of hunger and malnutrition in Brazil, the fight against poverty cannot be separated from tackling structural racism,” Tereza said. In partnership with the Oswaldo Cruise Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro State University (URJ) and Fluminense Federal University (UFF), other organizations are coordinated by Enani Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).

Dramatic consequences

He acknowledged that all countries have suffered from a breakdown in the chain of production and rising food prices, but stressed that Brazil could face problems in other ways, avoiding a return to the so-called hunger map. “It simply came to our notice then. This, in my opinion, is the dramatic consequence of the coup, the breakup (In 2016), With a huge impact on children. I would say they are the daughter of the coup. “

Thus, the former minister cited the factors cited by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as determinants for Brazil, until a few years ago, when it was managed to reduce hunger and poverty. Factors such as political priorities, income growth, increased formal employment, support for formal agriculture, and various public policies. “It is useless to consider hunger and malnutrition, especially in the case of children, as isolated incidents. We have to deal with this complex situation with a complex policy. “

Cost limit

Teresa Campello, currently a visiting professor in the Faculty of Public Health at the University of Sওo Paulo, where he coordinates the Josু de Castro chair, has denied claims that the effects of the famine are on. “This is not true: the data set we already have in Brazil shows that our hunger and food insecurity increased before the epidemic. This is directly linked to Amendment 95 (“spending limits”), which violate public policy that accompanies coups, he said. Continuous, dramatic and lasting, and then deadly during epidemics, “the former minister added.

The FAO representative in Brazil, Rafael Javala, says Latin America’s “big problem” is not so much hunger, but malnutrition. “It simply came to our notice then. In Brazil, the problem is not the availability of food, it’s access and use, “he added. Globally, he points to a “perfect storm” situation, consisting of an epidemic, inflation, war (including logistics and the impact on gas, oil and fertilizer prices) and climate change. The FAO price index reached a 32-year high in April, rising 12.6% in 12 months.

Elimination and the future

In a public hearing chaired by Deputy Alice Portugal (PCdoB-BA), Professor Patricia Boyer and Fabiola de Souza addressed the consequences of the food crisis for the next generation. Patricia, president of the Brazilian Association of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHAD), noted that social exclusion can already be determined while the baby is still in the womb. According to him, the 1,000-day period, which includes pregnancy and the first two years of life, is “a window of opportunity, the plasticity to shape what a person becomes as an adult.”

Pediatrician Fabiolao highlights the quality of Brazilian food. And he cites an article where authors show that 19 of the 20 items that have recently risen in price in Brazil are food. In nature. At the same time, processed products (sausage, bologna, biscuits) were below inflation. Thus, in addition to malnutrition, other problems occur, such as micronutrient deficiencies, overweight and obesity. “Many of what is happening now will have repercussions for decades to come,” the researchers said, pointing to the negative effects on the physical and mental health of the next generation. “Food insecurity, poverty and inequality compromise health in the short and long term. That is the promise of all of us. “

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