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Between austerity and the search for fuel, Europeans look for solutions

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The vitality disaster that developed nations are going by means of is driving them right into a schizophrenic angle between vitality restraint and a frantic search for new gas-producing companions. RFI affords a big day devoted to vitality points this Tuesday, November 15.

We sound the alarm “As winter approaches in Europe, the director of the International Energy Agency (IEA) doesn’t conceal his worries for the coming months.” If it desires to keep away from fuel shortages, Europe should act instantly “Fatih Birol stated. Not solely to stabilize the inventory all through 2023, however above all the forecast for the winter of 2023-2024.

Because the IEA has calculated: if Russia ever cuts its provide, 30 billion cubic meters of fuel may disappear from European reserves. ” These would then be solely 65% ​​full, in comparison with 95% as we speak “Fatih Birol says once more.

The International Energy Agency warns towards overconfidence, which it attributes to a number of elements: delicate climate with unusually excessive temperatures in Europe in latest weeks; weaker-than-expected Chinese demand enabled Europeans to get provides simply; And above all, the angle of Russia, which, in contrast to oil, didn’t flip off fuel faucets. In 2022, the EU ought to thus have acquired 60 billion cubic meters of Russian fuel. There shall be such a degree extremely unlikely “In 2023, Fateh Birol believes that, ” We don’t have any finish to our struggling

Africa with the assist of Europe?

Before the struggle in Ukraine, the European Union used 400 billion cubic meters of fuel per yr, 45% of which was provided by Russia. But the battle is now main Europeans to query their vitality sovereignty and the diversification of their provide. ” We should guarantee our independence from Russian oil, fuel and coal “, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen introduced in March.

In 2019, about 60% of world electrical energy era got here from pure fuel and coal. © FMM Graphic Studio

The European Union has set a goal of decreasing its dependence on Russian fuel by two thirds this yr and plans to have the ability to do with out it 100% by 2027. Since the struggle in Ukraine, the Commission and the Member States themselves have been rising communication. With different producing nations: the United States, Qatar, Egypt and Algeria, to call solely the important ones, to which new gamers like Senegal or the Democratic Republic of the Congo have been added who want to develop their deposits, lots of them not too long ago found.

The European technique will not be freed from paradoxes: if it doesn’t exclude receiving extra provides of African fuel, the EU doesn’t fail to remind growing nations that they have to redouble their efforts to do with out fossil fuels and higher combat towards international warming.

Mackie Sall sees this as an “injustice”.

Without being the greatest polluter, it could be unfair to hunt to ban Africa from utilizing the pure assets in its basement. “, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz warned the President of Senegal throughout his go to in May. For African civil society dedicated to local weather points, there’s nonetheless an pressing want: worldwide CO2 emissions have by no means been greater (40.6 billion tons in 2022) and the industrial age’s aim of limiting international warming to 1.5 levels Celsius is slowly declining.

In 2019, global CO2 emissions related to fossil fuel combustion amounted to 33.62 billion tons.
In 2019, international CO2 emissions associated to fossil gas combustion amounted to 33.62 billion tons. © FMM Graphic Studio

That appears much more out of attain as a result of funding in renewable vitality is missing, particularly in Africa: According to a examine revealed this week by Bloomberg Neff Firm, $434 billion shall be invested in renewable vitality throughout the planet in 2021, with simply $2.6 billion on the African continent. In different phrases, 0.6% of the world complete.

(and with AFP)

Special day “A world in disaster / A extra peaceable world? »

7:40 am to 9 am / RFI morning particular version in three elements
Presented by Arnaud Pontus.
7:40 a.m. – 8 a.m.: “A World in Crisis”
8.10 am – 8.30 am: “A extra peaceable world? »
8.40 am – 9 am: “And tomorrow? »

9:10 am to 10 pm / “information name” : Energy: Africa’s Huge Potential”. The viewers responded.
Presented by Juan Gomez.

11:10 am to 12 midday / “8 Billion Neighbors” : “Energy and Habitat”
Presented by Emmanuelle Bastide.

3:10 PM to 4 PM / “ Around the query » : « Solar Energy in Africa »
Presented by Caroline Lachowski.

6:10 PM to six:30 PM / Decryption » : “Electrification in Africa”..
Presented by Gaëtan Plenet.

Special Edition-Energy Crisis-Part 2- [8h10-9h00]

Special Edition-Energy Crisis- Episode 1- [7h40-8h]

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