After the pandemic, Rio expanded its reception to children and teenagers
in time of the seaFrom June to June 2019, there have been 1,365 receptions. By the identical time in 2020, the quantity had dropped to 638, a drop of greater than 50% in absolute phrases. According to the examine, the discount could be interpreted as a constructive reality, nonetheless, in the context of the epidemic and social isolation, it represents much less safety due to the improve in household violence and restrictions on group coexistence.
This model of the census reveals that 1,455 persons are at present receiving asylum in the state. Data refers to June 2022.
“We have seen a pattern again to the stage of stability earlier than the begin of the pandemic. if, of the seaFrom June to June 2020, the variety of receptions in the state decreased by greater than 50%, now we’re seeing a gradual restoration of those numbers as social isolation measures are relaxed and children and adolescents return face to face. actions”, the assertion stated. Coordinator of the Prosecutors’ Operational Support Center for Children and Youth and Manager of the Child and Adolescent Module (MCA) System of the MPRJ, Prosecutor Rodrigo Cesar Medina.
The census reveals that the main trigger of kid rearing is neglect by mother and father or guardians. In all, 526 have been accepted for that reason, representing 36.15% of the whole, a proportion that has been maintained over the years. The second essential motive for admission is abandonment by mother and father or guardians, which occurred with 150 children and adolescents, which is 10.31% of the whole. Then comes bodily or psychological abuse towards children or adolescents, which occurred to 99 of them, 6.8% of the whole. Just over half of these admitted, 51%, don’t obtain a go to.
According to Medina, the census additionally reveals enhancements in the definition of the size of keep of children and adolescents in institutional care providers and their authorized standing.
In 2020, 58% stayed in these locations for lower than 1 12 months and 6 months, which is the most authorized time period in host conditions. Now the proportion has elevated to 66%. “This implies that children and adolescents are sheltered in the state of Rio de Janeiro. of January inside the most authorized time period and they’re spending much less time in foster care, being reunified with households or positioned in different households in the type of guardianship, custody or adoption”, explains Medina.
As for the authorized state of affairs, 929 children and adolescents, 64% of the whole, have circumstances. On the different hand, 329, equal to 23%, are nonetheless with out lawsuits or authorized proceedings. “The twenty ninth Census reveals that there has additionally been important enchancment in the definition of the authorized standing of children and adolescents. When the Public Ministry began doing this work, in 2008, in the first census, we had 81% of children with out a case to outline their authorized standing. Now we have now solely 36% of children with no beneficial circumstances, which is an enormous step ahead.
Of the whole individuals accepted, 176 are appropriate for adoption. Most are 7 years or older. This, in accordance to Medina, demonstrates the significance of encouraging late adoption. Only 12 asylum seekers are up to 6 years of age; 28 shelters eligible for adoption are between the ages of seven and 11; 66 between the ages of 12 and 15; and 70 between 16 and 18 years of age.
Regarding the reception time of individuals appropriate for adoption, about 70% have been welcomed for greater than 1 12 months and 6 months. The twenty ninth census additionally indicated that 43 children and adolescents (2%) have been taken after an unsuccessful adoption try; 74 (5%) due to custody or guardianship for an unsuccessful prolonged household; Unsuccessful custody or guardianship for a 3rd celebration resulted in 46 (3%) being welcomed again and 15 (1%) returning to foster care after trying to reunite their mother and father.
The twenty ninth Census additionally reveals that 80% of children and adolescents are black. Among these eligible for adoption, 40% of children and adolescents are black and 44% are brown, following the racial standards adopted in the survey. For the publicist, these knowledge ought to contribute to the dialogue of public insurance policies and the group of debates on racial discrimination in the state of Rio de Janeiro. of January.
Regarding little one and adolescent terminations, census knowledge present that the largest proportion, almost 40%, left shelter providers as a result of they have been reunited with their mother and father. Then 20% skipped, ie ran away. Placement in a surrogate household corresponds to the third reason for evasion, occurring in 14.82% of circumstances, 9.26% having custody or guardianship transferred to an prolonged household, and 4.73% reaching the age of majority.
The census is predicated on knowledge obtained from the Child and Adolescent Module (MCA), a system with data on the socio-judicial state of affairs of asylum-seeking children and adolescents in the state of Rio de Janeiro. of January. The function of the MCA is to present, in a single database, data referring to sheltered children and adolescents, in addition to household and institutional care providers, to handle registration, OnlineFor protecting networks.
MCA is performed throughout the census months of June and is revealed in December of every 12 months and in System Pages. The data serves as a subsidy for the dialogue and negotiation of presidency insurance policies for sheltered children and adolescents. Each semester, 93 censuses are performed, one state and 92 municipalities, as well as to particular research, equivalent to the Covid-19 pandemic.