According to TotalEnergy’s CEO, the solution is to produce carbon-free hydrogen in France
According to Patrick Poyn, CEO of TotalEnergies, the development of six new nuclear reactors, which Emmanuel Macron needed, won’t be sufficient if France desires to produce decarbonated hydrogen, that is, hydrogen from renewable or nuclear energy. its territory. ” “If we’ve got the ambition to produce carbon-free hydrogen in France, we do not want to construct six reactors or ten reactors, we want to construct 15 or 20 of them.”He started earlier than the Deputies of the Commission of Inquiry of the National Assembly, assembled on November 23 “Establishing the Causes of France’s Loss of Sovereignty and Independence of Power”. An order of magnitude, the decrease vary of which corresponds to the authorities’s nuclear stimulus plan, with 8 new EPRs as choices.
“Our park [électronucléaire, ndlr], It have to be renewed to guarantee availability of electrical energy to the French as we’ve got outdated energy stations. […] If France has ambitions to develop into a hydrogen exporter, we want to generate far more electrical energy than we’ve got. [prévu, ndlr] on our method, she mentioned. According to Neta, whose firm goals to develop into a serious participant in the manufacturing of this molecule, thought of strategic for carbon neutrality, “We cannot discuss hydrogen if we do not discuss surplus electrical energy.”. According to him, “Limits to Green Hydrogen”.
Hydrogen and surplus electrical energy
Although electrical energy at the moment represents 25% of France’s vitality combine, this share ought to exceed 50% by 2050 to decarbonize the financial system. To produce sufficient hydrogen regionally, “We want to add 50% of capability [électriques, ndlr] Moreover, by the yr 2050, as we’ve got calculated. it is enormous”Patrick Pouyanné believes. “It is a matter of truth. We should not make a mistake about the trajectory we take. It refers to native insurance policies.”she identified.
France defends native manufacturing of carbon-free hydrogen whereas many nations, led by Germany, need to import very massive quantities of hydrogen from areas of the world with extremely aggressive renewable vitality to decarbonize their economies. Although this view of long-distance commerce in inexperienced molecules is not unanimous, particularly for problems with sovereignty, it additionally foresees assembly technical and financial challenges.
“We do not imagine a lot in the improvement of hydrogen LNG carriers,” Patrick Pouani mentioned throughout his listening to, recalling that “Liquid hydrogen is very poorly transported.” Because it should attain extraordinarily low temperatures, shut to absolute zero. Multinational firms depend on the transportation of semi-processed merchandise, similar to inexperienced ammonia and hydrogen similar to methanol, that are extra available by ship.
A European community of a couple of hundred hydrogen stations
“The hydrogen financial system is not a easy financial system, we’re solely at the starting”, He admitted. According to him, it is above all vital to perceive the demand and distinguish between two varieties: the native demand for decarbonizing industrial websites, the place the query of its transportation doesn’t come up, and the devoted demand for land mobility, which is extra difficult to perceive. .
Yesterday, TotalEnergies and Air Liquide introduced a partnership round hydrogen manufacturing at the Grandpuits refinery, at the moment present process conversion. Air Liquide will make investments 130 million euros to construct and function a manufacturing unit partially equipped by biogas from the biorefinery. The roughly 20,000 tons of hydrogen produced every year shall be bought by TotalEnergies and used to make “SAF,” a “sustainable” aviation gas with a decrease carbon footprint than kerosene.
This Wednesday, November 24, the CEO of TotalEnergies indicated that he plans to construct a Europe-wide community of round 100 hydrogen charging stations for vans. On the different hand, Patrick Pouanne believes that gentle hydrogen autos may have a spot “edge”Automakers are more and more shifting towards battery-powered know-how.