St. Louis, April 4, 2022 – By December 2022, 2,023 municipalities in 18 Brazilian states participating in the UNICEF Seal Edition 2021-2024 will be engaged in the implementation of Act No. 13,431 / 2017. The law establishes a system to protect and ensure the rights of children and adolescents when reporting a crime and at all stages of the judicial process, providing for centralization of services in one place. The goal of Integrated Care is to prevent children or adolescents from falling victim to the services provided by the safety network.
To enforce the law, UNICEF will offer a virtual course on the ‘Safe Hearing Act’ for health professionals, assistants and parent counselors; This is Rokos Online ‘Education that protects’ for teachers and other education professionals; The municipality will distribute guidelines, among others (www.selounicef.org.br), activities to prevent and respond to violence against children and adolescents, and activities to promote the appropriate use of sepia.
According to Judith Levili, UNICEF’s Amazon Territory Coordinator, “Laws 13,431/2017, governed by Decree 9,603/2018, strengthen the rights guarantee system, as it establishes and innovates processes and policies and offers policy integration and care.” Integrated care for children and adolescents. “
Maranhao is one of the states leading the law enforcement process. The municipalities of Açailândia, Rosário and Balsas have already begun the process of implementing it. Sao Lewis, despite not being part of the UNICEF seal, is also committed to the legal framework for the protection of children and adolescents.
The initiative is a law enforcement pilot in 216 municipalities of Maranhau, UNICEF Seal, and its partners include the State Public Defender (DPE-MA), the State Public Ministry (MP-MA), and the Court of Appeals. Justice (TJ-MA), Public Security (SSP-MA), State Department of Education (Seduc-MA), State Department of Health (SES-MA), State Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents (CEDCA-MA) and The State Department of Human Rights Human Resource and Popular Participation (Sedihpop-MA), the Operational Support Center of the Public Ministry of Maranhão (Caop) and the State Secretariat for Social Development (Sedes-MA).
To address violence against children and adolescents, all UNICEF SEAL municipalities must establish an interdisciplinary coordination system for the integrated care of children and adolescents who are victims of violence or witnesses, and develop flows and protocols for this care. The municipalities of Açailândia, Rosário and Balsas have their own Municipal Secretariat of Social Assistants, Education and Health, Guardianship Council and Municipal Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents. “The pilot implementation of federal law 13,431 / 2017 in the municipalities of Açailândia, Rosário and Balsas allows UNICEF and its partners to understand the possibilities, requirements and obstacles to establishing special hearing and special evidence. The process serves as the basis for interdisciplinary coordination processes, unique care flows for the protection of children and adolescents, and the creation of protocols for the protection of victims or witnesses of violence in UNICEF Seal’s 216 Maranhau municipalities, Angelo said. Damascus, education expert and UNICEF protection in Maranhao.
“Through the work of UNICEF and other partners, Açailândia gains knowledge so that everyone can speak the same language and thus guarantees this right to girls and boys. We will also take the necessary steps for sectoral diagnosis to guarantee special hearing, “said Angela Marcia Lima Silva, treasurer of the Council for the Rights of Children and Adolescents (CMDCA) Aucklandia.
Gleudson Malheiros, Caop’s coordinator for the Maranhau Public Ministry of Children and Youth, confirmed that the implementation of the licensing law is indeed a positive challenge. “There is a cultural difficulty in achieving this integration and articulation among agencies, especially since the law requires close action between different sectors of the manpower. I believe that at work, the municipality will create a synopsis for a joint initiative in the flow of care for children and adolescents who are victims of violence, “he concluded.
“We are in a phase of collecting all the information from the available questionnaires, that is, it is a phase of data testing and its compilation. So it is essential for us to be united in this goal. I am confident that the pilot project in Rosario will be an example of incentive for other municipalities, “explained Fabiola Fernandez Ferreira, a holder in Rosario’s 2nd Public Prosecutor’s Office.
Since 2021, Sedihpop has begun focusing on UNICEF Seal’s priority municipalities in Maranhau for more specific discussions on the law. How they were organized on the local network for the protection of children and adolescents, what tools and services they provided and their main disadvantages were monitored. From this, UNICEF and SediHop come together to identify what kind of resources or materials can strengthen the municipality in this regard. To date, 14 municipalities have been trained, with São Luis, Açailândia and Rosário being the model for this specific action with UNICEF.
“UNICEF’s role is fundamental, as it clarifies and provides high-level information on the subject, as it is still a matter of great skepticism. This technical support has helped with this clarification. We have three model municipalities with UNICEF, the remaining 11 working directly with SediHop. The purpose is to make the municipality a model and instrument dissemination center in other municipalities in Maranhau, “explained Lisandra Lett, assistant secretary for children’s and adolescent rights at SeddyHopp-MA.
Açailândia and Rosário have already formed their municipal management committees to implement the safety law. As part of the municipality’s training activities, the case survey flows, identifying the complex situations that the parties face in the municipality, the barriers to communication between the various support agencies and the safety and security policy. Help. Municipalities are in the process of identifying common issues that require good communication with state-level institutions, such as the civilian and military police forces, in addition to the judiciary, in implementing expert testimony. The next step is to work with the internal flow in education, health and safety.
“Implementation of Act 13,431, at the Comerca de Balsas, is at an advanced stage, using specialized evidence as a means of preliminary evidence, well-organized, including the already established crime protection network for children and adolescents. , Through the signing of the letter of intent, as well as the formation of a collegiate for the protection of rights, established by municipal decree, including the framework of an integrated service protocol, required by law “, declared Douglas, a judge in Lima, Maranhao court.
About UNICEF Seals
The UNICEF Seal is an international certification issued by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) that recognizes real and positive progress in the lives of children and adolescents as a result of municipal efforts through public policy to promote, protect and fulfill children’s rights. And the teenage UNICEF seal is carried out in the Brazilian legal Amazon and Semiarid region states. The last version was completed in 2020. The new edition takes place from 2021 to 2024 and involves a broader process, including social cohesion, training of municipal actors, observation of childhood and adolescence indicators, engaging adolescents in the discussion of their rights.
About 13,431 laws of 2017
Federal law 13,431 / 2017 establishes a system to guarantee the rights of children and adolescents who are victims and witnesses of violence. Among the great advances in legislation are protected hearing, which guarantees greater protection for children and adolescents in a welcoming environment and during recorded testimony, avoids re-hunting processes (numerous traumatic reporting), and the creation of integrated care centers. And conducts, where there will be multi-departmental teams to welcome children and adolescents with special care. The law establishes procedures and principles for the integration of care policies and proposes the creation of integrated care centers for children and adolescents. There are two types of procedures: special hearing, when it occurs in health and social support services where the child will be assisted; And special testimony, when the child then says what happened, but in a welcoming environment, by a professional trained in interview protocol.