A census of homeless children and adolescents reveals that more than 70% of them are looking for financial resources to survive.
The survey had full regional protection of the town and a direct method to children and adolescents
The City Hall of São Paulo performed a census of children and adolescents dwelling on the streets after 15 years with none survey on this group within the metropolis. The final survey was finished in 2007. The census section performed in May confirmed the existence of 3,759 children and adolescents between 0 and 17 years and 11 months, in conditions of social vulnerability, who use the streets to sleep, follow irregular or unlawful actions, and who are sheltered within the providers of the social assist community.
The survey, which is taken into account essentially the most full carried out within the metropolis, exhibits that 10.7% of this whole, which corresponds to 401 children and adolescents, spend the night time on the streets; Another 609 (16.2%) obtained shelter in institutional shelter providers for children and adolescents (SAICA) and particular shelters for households. The knowledge additionally reveals that the biggest portion, 2,749 (73.1%) children and adolescents use the street as a way of survival even for a brief interval of the day.
The central space of the town concentrates the biggest quantity of children and adolescents who dwell on the streets, with an emphasis on República (309), Sé (202) and Santa Cecília (196), however the survey additionally makes it potential to determine streets on the outskirts of the town. Extension of Living Children and Adolescents.
The 5 districts with the best progress are: Cidad Lidar (from 6 to 39), São Mateus (from 3 to 34) and Aricanduva (from 1 to 11). Also, 11% of children and adolescents have been recognized in districts that weren’t recognized within the 2007 survey. This corresponds to 28 new districts within the northern area, reminiscent of Anhangueira, Brasiliandia, Perus and Zaragoza; Iguatemi, Cidad Tiradentes, Cangaiba and José Bonifacio within the japanese area and Perelheiros, Grazau, Capao Redondo and Campo Limpo, within the southern area.
According to the census, 2,227 children and adolescents (59.2%) have been male, 1,453 (38.7%) have been feminine and 79 (2.1%) didn’t know or didn’t need to say. The 12 to 17-year-old age group concentrates the biggest quantity, with 1,585 (42%), adopted by up to six-year-olds, with 1,151 children (30.6%) and 1,017 (27.1%) who are between seven and 11 years previous. Six of them (0.2%) didn’t need to state their age.
Those who declared themselves brown have been 43% (1,615), black, 28.6% (1,074), white 811 (21.6%), 34 (0.9%) self-identified Aboriginal, 20 (0.5%) yellow, 1 brunette. . Another 166 didn’t know or didn’t want to declare.
The research discovered that out of a complete of 3,150 children and adolescents who spend the night time on the streets or alongside different weak routes, 1,953 (62%) engaged in irregular actions. The survey additionally revealed that 465 (14.8%) children and adolescents have been on the road with an grownup and one other 235 (7.5%) have been concerned in unlawful actions. It needs to be famous that the identical youngster or adolescent could also be uncovered to a number of varieties of social threat.
The 2007 census, which recognized 1,842 children and adolescents dwelling on the streets, didn’t have the cooperation of a community of citizen informants as of 2022. Informants have been the folks listened to when creating the body of reference for the actions of the census takers. . They included newsstand homeowners, faculty and bakery staff, and law enforcement officials stationed at particular factors within the metropolis who helped determine areas the place avenue children and youngsters had a continuing presence.
The new census, contracted by the Municipal Secretariat for Social Assistance and Development (SMADS), was performed by a analysis and consulting panel at a value of BRL 1.8 million, outlined via an digital public sale held in October 2021.
The firm labored along with technicians from the Coordination of the Social Assistance Surveillance Observatory (COVS) of SMADS and, as well as to knowledge from native informants, the protection factors outlined by the group additionally relied on knowledge collected from providers specialised in social methods. Sis), from SisRua (The Homeless Citizen Assistance System) and listening to public coverage brokers. Areas the place there was no details about the presence of children and adolescents have been lined with vans to verify their absence. More than 239 folks have been concerned within the census section, which happened between May 11 and 16.
The survey was divided into 4 phases: identification of focus factors (body of reference), census survey (enumeration of children and adolescents dwelling on the streets), submission of pattern surveys to determine the profile of children and violations of their rights, and knowledge assortment.
The research thought of the idea of CNAS/Conanda (Resolution No. 1 of December 15, 2016) for avenue children and adolescents: “Street children and adolescents are outlined as creating topics with violated rights who dwell in public areas, degraded areas. by utilizing place or dwelling, completely and/or intermittently, in conditions of vulnerability and/or due to private and social dangers due to the breakdown or fragility of care and household and group ties, primarily in conditions of poverty and/or excessive poverty, problem accessing public insurance policies and/or Permanence, characterised by their variations, reminiscent of gender, sexual orientation, gender id, racial-ethnic, non secular, generational, regional, nationality, political place, incapacity, amongst others.”
Social assist community
In the town of São Paulo, about 500 counselors are distributed amongst 27 groups of the Specialized Social Aspects Service (SEAS) in a blended method (adults and children), which gives 2,090 shelter locations per day for children and adolescents.
SMADS has a various community focusing on children and younger folks, together with Basic Safeguarding, with 664 providers and over 160,000 vacancies, and Special Safeguarding, with 276 providers and over 12,000 medium, excessive and complicated, Those who dwell on the streets or within the social vulnerability of the town of São Paulo. Also, the folder comprises 27 blended seas protecting all of the streets of the town.
The Basic Social Protection Network accommodates 468 items of Social Assistance Centers for Children and Adolescents (CCA), 20 Intergenerational Coexistence Centers (CCINTER), 63 Social and Productive Development Centers (CEDESP), 5 Social Circuses, 39 Youth Centers. (CJ), 68 Family Social Support Services (SASF) and a faculty restaurant.
They are distributed in all areas, totaling about 69 thousand vacancies. This service mannequin operates after faculty hours and accepts children aged six to 14 years and eleven months. The intention is to create an area for coexistence primarily based on the pursuits, wants and potential of this age group, with interventions primarily based on leisure, cultural and sporting experiences as kinds of expression, interplay, studying, sociability and social safety.
In instances of reasonable and excessive complexity, particular safety gives youngster and adolescent care providers. City Hall has 134 institutional shelter providers for children and adolescents (SAICA), six Casas Lar, 12 inclusive residences, 54 social-educational system providers in open environments, 37 assist facilities for the disabled, 5 host households and 8 host households for children and adolescents who are victims of violence. -Toward Teens (SPVV).
With 2,010 locations accessible, Cycas goals to welcome children and adolescents in conditions of private and social threat and abandonment and guarantee their full safety. The service gives non permanent and distinctive care for children and adolescents of each sexes, together with children and adolescents with disabilities, in safety system conditions and in conditions of private, social and abandonment threat, whose households or guardians are quickly unable to attend. To play a task of care and safety. The items supply a snug setting, with the looks of a residence.
The service has 2,660 vacancies and gives particular care for children and adolescents who are victims of bodily, emotional, neglect, abuse or sexual exploitation, in addition to their households and, when potential, the attacker, offering them with situations to strengthen themselves. Respect, overcoming conditions of rights violations and repairing experiences of violence.
With a view to making a more playful method and a particular listening to course of, the secretariat has already launched an unique social method service for children and adolescents within the central space of the town. Seven more seashores specializing on this service will open subsequent month in Tatuape, Pinheiros, Santana, Lapa, Xabacuara, Santo Amaro and Villa Mariana.
Also, to develop the service in Basic Protection, 10 new CCAs shall be added by December, increasing the supply to one other 1,200 vacancies. The first will open in August in Penhath, on the east aspect, with capability for 120 children and youngsters.
SMADS may also open the town’s first specialised dwelling heart for children and adolescents. In these particular security areas, leisure actions, video games and socialization actions shall be supplied to strengthen bonds to determine the primary wants of every youngster and adolescent. The first gear shall be opened within the central area.
On June 10, the City of São Paulo launched the “Cidade Protectora” program, which is able to promote partnerships between the municipal authorities and corporations with the intention of guaranteeing full safety for children and adolescents, combating all kinds of youngster labor within the metropolis. ..
The program, an initiative via CMETI (Municipal Commission for the Elimination of Child Labour), relies on three methods: networking (geared toward publicity between metropolis halls and corporations), mobilization and coaching (geared toward entrepreneurs and staff) and certification (of corporations collaborating in this system). methods for recognizing good practices).
Incentives may also be given to the creation of social facilities – coordinated by social help professionals -, by organizations accountable for non-public areas of nice circulation, reminiscent of purchasing malls and hypermarkets. In these areas, social-education counselors will carry out work related to that carried out by the Specialized Service for Social Approaches (SEAS) on metropolis streets. The social facilities will work in coordination with the Social Assistance Supervision (SAS) of every area.
Source: Special Secretariat for Communications of the City of São Paulo