The experiences lived by children affect their intellectual, cognitive and socio-emotional structure, directly and indirectly affecting their self-esteem and feelings of empathy. Therefore, cities, schools, families and all places where children live should be built on the pillars of diversity, encouraging childhood to be free from any kind of prejudice or discrimination.
From an early age, games, songs, books, stories, films and drawings play an important role in shaping identity and the way we see people. For children of color, for example, families can take advantage of conversations to explicitly address racism and emphasize values such as equality and diversity. For black kids, sharing positive references is nothing less than sharing what allows them to see their full potential and empower themselves, even in the face of challenges and struggles in a society marked by racism. However, the worst option is to ignore the issue or the situation that occurs in the daily life of children.
Believes that anti-apartheid education enriches the world and builds a fair and plural future, Spyglass Listed some ideas for talking about racism with kids!
Search iQualitative information is needed so that everyone understands how racism works and how it organizes society. For non-black families in particular, the first step in anti-apartheid education is to deepen their reflection and understanding of inequality and racial inequality, to recognize opportunities and to expand children’s coexistence in different situations.
2 Children tell the truth
As curious as they are, children are constantly asking questions about the world around them. Even if sensitive issues may surprise them, families should remember to answer them honestly. If adults don’t have the answer, that’s fine Who will do research and then resume that conversation. Simple reprimands, in addition to being ineffective, can point adults to their own fears in approaching the subject and looking at their own attitudes and behaviors. After all, they can reproduce someone else’s thoughts or just be curious.
On her YouTube channel, psychoanalyst, parent educator and author Elisama Santos shared content on self-knowledge and nonviolent learning. In this video, she talks to her children Miguel and Helena about how to deal with racial issues based on her professional and personal experience.
3 Exclude racist expressions from vocabulary
The word carries meaning and history. “Hard hair”, “black humor” and “white jealousy” are some of the racist expressions inherent in Brazilian vocabulary. Children are also exploring the world through language, so adults can be guided by the force of their example, not the normalization of terms, stigma, racist jokes or derogatory remarks. Why not share a positive vocabulary with children that demonstrates knowledge, respect and dignity for Afro-Brazilian culture??
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Stimulus entertainment with 4 presentations
Playing is the child’s independent expression of contact with the environment around him. Through play, children create identities and imagine a potential world. Expanding the range of content and materials with which they communicate, focusing not only on the messages but also on the level of racist representation present in each of them, is a way to transmit anti-racist values. The Spyglass A fan of it MoviesSongs and Books Sewed together by variety and it celebrates the power of Afro-Brazilian culture.
Racism: 5 Books Remember that the world is full of colors
Slavery is a historical fact, but it does not define the population, traditions, values and knowledge of African descent and the black diaspora. Attitudes should be taken care of and the matter should be emphasized. Above all, children should have access to positive information about the cultures of different countries on the African continent and Afro-Brazilian culture. It is important to highlight the contributions of different African civilizations, genealogies of black kings and queens, technology or worldview of different regions and their contribution to the formation of Brazil. The number of recreational, educational and paradigmatic materials in Portuguese has increased since its publication. Act 10.639 / 03 (Which provides guidelines and foundations for national education to include the theme “Afro-Brazilian history and culture” in the curriculum), but much remains to be improved, including access perspectives.
The calendar seeks to “afrobate” students with milestones in Afro culture
In October 2020, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched a radio program “Deixa que eu Conto” aimed at children with the first 50 episodes inspired by Afro-Brazilian culture. Content can also be heard in podcast format and available for free on Spotify.
5 Convert living space
Diversity is not just a discourse, but a value that needs to be experienced and processed. How do you remember Author Cusam de Oliveira, The author dedicates black magic to many works in children’s literature, the child’s learning process occurs with the whole body and not just through thought. Therefore, he argues, the body needs to be immersed in an experience that brings meaning.
This is why the fifth concept for talking to children about racism is not directly related to the conversation, but to the transformation of living spaces. White families, for example, may wonder if there are black people in their relationships and in their children.
Leaving the comfort zone, where only families of the same ethnic profile are performed, is a tip from p.One of the promoters, teachers and project creators “Raising black children”, De Bastos. She is dedicated to teaching anti-apartheid, advising children on how to talk about it.
Note that many areas are marked by ethnic divisions. Before talking to kids about racism, look at where the family goes. What kind of message do they give? They are places that value diversity? Are black people taking the position of command and protagonism or are they playing a subordinate role? Personal, emotional and professional choices also reflect the political context and deserve to be the object of reflection of adults engaged in anti-apartheid education.
6 Expand the range of references
AmicidaDandara, Lazaro Ramos, Evaristo Conceio: From art to science, positive references to those families? Getting acquainted with black and black artists, politicians, activists and scientists expands the range of children’s collections, even allowing many of them to identify themselves and imagine very different careers and futures for themselves.
With that in mind, the Federal University of Paran extension project “Girls and Women in Science” has been launched. Hobby Book “Black Scientist: Brazilians – Volume 1”. With word search, crossword puzzles and coloring pages, the material is dedicated to adults, young people and children, with the aim of promoting the role of black Brazilian scientists from a humanistic perspective.
7 Join the school in dialogue work
The school is an environment of reassurance, exchange and experimentation without the permanent guardianship of the parents. To prevent or condemn any situation of racism and discrimination (involving not only children but also adults), both families with black children and families of non-black children need to be focused on school support, engaging with educators in dialogue. .
Depending on the school, there may be some black people among the students and professionals, which affects everyone’s racial (self) perception. The more pluralistic and diverse the environment, the more comfortable everyone will feel and the higher the level of individual and group development. If there are black classmates and teachers, observe the children and talk. If not, encourage the school to diversify its staff
How to protect anti-apartheid education in schools?
How do ethnic-racial issues transcend the educational practices of the school community? Note which documents guide educational practice and cover “Afro-centric” approaches and practices focused on Law 10,369 / 03, which includes “Afro-Brazilian and Indigenous history and culture” as a mandatory theme in the official curriculum of the school system.
Families and teachers can join in the work of providing an anti-racist education to children, talking about the day-to-day situation in school and creating cross-classrooms with a variety of decorations, books, games and shared ideas, many more stereotypes and commemorative dates.
30 topics for practicing an anti-racism education
To deal with racism in children, families must be prepared for an open dialogue: explaining, ending stigma, encouraging empathy, and expanding their coexistence are fundamental elements of anti-racism education.