33.8% of the estimated 30,000 children in shelters or foster families in the country are between the ages of 0 and 6 years. Publisher data, which covers more than one-third of childhood, sheds light on this sensitive issue, explaining the need for public policy and specific care needs for newborns, infants and young children for training and development.
This is one of the results of a “Reception Unit and Welcome Family” study produced by the National Council of Justice with the support of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). The study, published April 29 at the National Pact Seminar for Early Childhood, combines four other studies with a comprehensive and unprecedented diagnosis of childhood in Brazil.
In the specific reception data, the survey examined the situation where this support service was provided for the early childhood department in 2019 and 2020, focusing on research on the state of infrastructure and management of services and its profile. Data were collected from 100 analyzes conducted by a multidisciplinary team based on the data collected.
The methodology obtained data from CNJ’s National Adoption and Reception System (SNA), the Single Social Assistance Service (SWAS) census, a field survey in 18 counties covering 239 conversations, and law mapping. Foster family services in states and municipalities.
This work is the result of an extensive survey of early childhood care units. On the one hand, positive points were identified, such as the expansion of state and municipal law relating to foster families; The existence of units with more reception capacity than occupancy; And creating SNA as a single system for child care and adoption data. It was also an opportunity to gather information on the events of Kovid-19 in the 2020 Sui census.
On the other hand, the study shows that shelters face a number of challenges, including limited service infrastructure; Insufficient manpower – especially health professionals; And low number of host families.
In detailing the qualitative data, UNDP researcher Monica Ceylan said it was found that negligence was the most frequent cause of reception. “This section, Neglected, we have already discussed that we need to dissect this notion, which was established by all sections of the survey respondents.”
Monica said that according to the descriptions collected in the study, families of sheltered children were seen as less capable of caring for their children and were motivated to lose their children.
On social support networks, the number of reception units has increased from 5,768 in 2019 to 6,276 in 2020. Of the 508 new units, 289 target adults or families. In the service network for children and adolescents only, the number of shelters decreased from 2,801 to 2,798 during the analyzed period.
Regarding the profiles of professionals working in the care of five-year-olds, reveals that in 2020, 63.7% of these people finished high school and 85% were women.
In another focus of support services for children and adolescents, the survey shows that the total number of foster families in Brazil recorded a slight increase, from 381 in 2019 to 432 in 2020 – still a low number indicating the need for progress. In this section, it was found that, in 2019, 42% of children aged 0 to 5 years were kept. In 2020, the percentage was 40.3% of the total.
While collecting data, researchers found that only five units of the federation had specific laws on family care (Ceará, Tocantins, Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul and Distrito Federal) and only 361 countries out of more than 5.5 thousand municipalities provided such assistance in the Sua census. Claimed. Recent data indicate that six other states have been able to enact legislation to provide such services.
Regarding re-entry into the shelter system, research shows that, in the shelter, the percentage of return increased from 30.9% in 2019 to 31.5% the following year. In family care, at the same time, re-entry has increased from 22.1% to 21.4%.
According to the Covid-19 epidemic in reception units and among professionals working in these services, the study found that in the case of virus-resistant infections, the number of recurrent services in shelters has increased. Hygiene and cleaning. In welcoming families, the use of cell phones is most commonly used to ensure remote communication between families during times of separation.
From the Sua census, it was found that, regardless of the region of the country, the incidence of Covid-19 among the staff of the reception unit was higher than the incidence of the virus in the population over 18 years of age.
Presenting the data to a specific panel of contractors for the Early Childhood Seminar, Natalia Barbieri said that the high rate of infection among workers and children in shelters relative to the reference population is one of the major challenges to public policy. Another drawback was the lack of accurate information on the color and ethnicity of children in SNA, making it difficult to understand the ethnic profile of children in shelters and foster families.
Márcia Volpi, Public Policy Advisor at Fundação Abrinq, says the data from the survey are valuable and necessary to support public policy for early childhood. “The risk of Kovid-19 transmission among workers (in shelters and foster families) is very high because there was controversy in the epidemic about the importance of vaccinating Suya workers as a priority group. Also noteworthy is the number of municipalities, including the Welcome Family Program, and the huge amount of space we have to expand. ”
When it comes to family care, Claudia Freitas Vidigal, a representative of the Coalização por Acolhimento em Família Acolhedora, highlights that this is a support program that has a lot to do. As shown, in Brazil the service represents only 7% of the reception service, in Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States the percentage is 91%, 80% and 75% respectively.
“We have this small number, only 7% of children are welcomed into foster families and despite being small we are proud because two years ago it was 4%. So, we are moving forward, increasing the reception in families, but we can speed up the process and such incidents can go in that direction because we know the importance of justice system to be effective “, he assessed.
According to Cláudia Freitas, the goal is to bring 20% of children to this method by 2025. Juliana Fernandez, an adviser to the Ministry of Citizenship, took part in the panel, presenting information on the federal government’s national plan for the well-being of families and communities. With information from the CNJ press office.